Radiative cooling of free metal clusters View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1997-03-01

AUTHORS

U. Frenzel, U. Hammer, H. Westje, D. Kreisle

ABSTRACT

The laser induced optical emission of Tungsten, Niobium, and Hafnium clusters generated via standard laser vaporization technique is studied in the wavelength range from 440 up to 830 nm for different size distributions. The emission shows a broad structureless continuum similar to a black-body radiator. Using the emissivity of a small spherical particle given by the Mie theory together with the Rayleigh approximation and Planck's law, the experimental spectra can be reproduced and thus the temperature of the particle can be deduced. Varying the delay between excitation and light detection, the time evolution of the cluster temperature can be obtained in detail. The cooling from initially close to 4000 K down to about 2900 K can be detected. As expected, the cooling behavior shows a dramatic clusters size dependence and will be analyzed for times up to 20 ps after the excitation. More... »

PAGES

108-110

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1991-03. Production of “cold/hot” metal cluster ions: a modified laser vaporization source in ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR PHYSIK D ATOMS,MOLECULES AND CLUSTERS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004600050170

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004600050170

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045115132


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0915", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Interdisciplinary Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Fakultat f\u00fcr Physik, Universit\u00e4t Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9811.1", 
              "name": [
                "Fakultat f\u00fcr Physik, Universit\u00e4t Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Frenzel", 
            "givenName": "U.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012021114607.06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012021114607.06"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Fakultat f\u00fcr Physik, Universit\u00e4t Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9811.1", 
              "name": [
                "Fakultat f\u00fcr Physik, Universit\u00e4t Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hammer", 
            "givenName": "U.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011754246404.88", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011754246404.88"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Fakultat f\u00fcr Physik, Universit\u00e4t Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9811.1", 
              "name": [
                "Fakultat f\u00fcr Physik, Universit\u00e4t Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Westje", 
            "givenName": "H.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013347207404.09", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013347207404.09"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Fakultat f\u00fcr Physik, Universit\u00e4t Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9811.1", 
              "name": [
                "Fakultat f\u00fcr Physik, Universit\u00e4t Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kreisle", 
            "givenName": "D.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013411255641.12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013411255641.12"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01544024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033739505", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01544024"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1997-03-01", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1997-03-01", 
        "description": "The laser induced optical emission of Tungsten, Niobium, and Hafnium clusters generated via standard laser vaporization technique is studied in the wavelength range from 440 up to 830 nm for different size distributions. The emission shows a broad structureless continuum similar to a black-body radiator. Using the emissivity of a small spherical particle given by the Mie theory together with the Rayleigh approximation and Planck's law, the experimental spectra can be reproduced and thus the temperature of the particle can be deduced. Varying the delay between excitation and light detection, the time evolution of the cluster temperature can be obtained in detail. The cooling from initially close to 4000 K down to about 2900 K can be detected. As expected, the cooling behavior shows a dramatic clusters size dependence and will be analyzed for times up to 20 ps after the excitation.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s004600050170", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1277743", 
            "issn": [
              "0178-7683", 
              "1431-5866"
            ], 
            "name": "Zeitschrift f\u00fcr Physik D Atoms,Molecules and Clusters", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "40"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "black-body radiator", 
          "cluster size dependence", 
          "free metal clusters", 
          "laser vaporization technique", 
          "optical emission", 
          "wavelength range", 
          "Planck's law", 
          "cluster temperature", 
          "Mie theory", 
          "experimental spectra", 
          "structureless continuum", 
          "radiative cooling", 
          "time evolution", 
          "small spherical particles", 
          "metal clusters", 
          "Rayleigh approximation", 
          "excitation", 
          "size dependence", 
          "light detection", 
          "vaporization technique", 
          "hafnium clusters", 
          "emission", 
          "spherical particles", 
          "particles", 
          "different size distributions", 
          "laser", 
          "PS", 
          "clusters", 
          "spectra", 
          "tungsten", 
          "emissivity", 
          "cooling", 
          "radiator", 
          "temperature", 
          "dependence", 
          "continuum", 
          "approximation", 
          "size distribution", 
          "niobium", 
          "theory", 
          "evolution", 
          "range", 
          "detail", 
          "distribution", 
          "law", 
          "technique", 
          "detection", 
          "behavior", 
          "time", 
          "delay", 
          "standard laser vaporization technique", 
          "broad structureless continuum", 
          "dramatic clusters size dependence"
        ], 
        "name": "Radiative cooling of free metal clusters", 
        "pagination": "108-110", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1045115132"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s004600050170"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004600050170", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045115132"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2021-12-01T19:10", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_301.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004600050170"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004600050170'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004600050170'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004600050170'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004600050170'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    136 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      79 URIs      70 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s004600050170 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0915
    3 schema:author N443554c3e3bf4866906d4d09a4adc07c
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf01544024
    5 schema:datePublished 1997-03-01
    6 schema:datePublishedReg 1997-03-01
    7 schema:description The laser induced optical emission of Tungsten, Niobium, and Hafnium clusters generated via standard laser vaporization technique is studied in the wavelength range from 440 up to 830 nm for different size distributions. The emission shows a broad structureless continuum similar to a black-body radiator. Using the emissivity of a small spherical particle given by the Mie theory together with the Rayleigh approximation and Planck's law, the experimental spectra can be reproduced and thus the temperature of the particle can be deduced. Varying the delay between excitation and light detection, the time evolution of the cluster temperature can be obtained in detail. The cooling from initially close to 4000 K down to about 2900 K can be detected. As expected, the cooling behavior shows a dramatic clusters size dependence and will be analyzed for times up to 20 ps after the excitation.
    8 schema:genre article
    9 schema:inLanguage en
    10 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    11 schema:isPartOf N6a60cb2dd21847419dc771b5cbdb2982
    12 Na2227586a655412d824d1d054446935b
    13 sg:journal.1277743
    14 schema:keywords Mie theory
    15 PS
    16 Planck's law
    17 Rayleigh approximation
    18 approximation
    19 behavior
    20 black-body radiator
    21 broad structureless continuum
    22 cluster size dependence
    23 cluster temperature
    24 clusters
    25 continuum
    26 cooling
    27 delay
    28 dependence
    29 detail
    30 detection
    31 different size distributions
    32 distribution
    33 dramatic clusters size dependence
    34 emission
    35 emissivity
    36 evolution
    37 excitation
    38 experimental spectra
    39 free metal clusters
    40 hafnium clusters
    41 laser
    42 laser vaporization technique
    43 law
    44 light detection
    45 metal clusters
    46 niobium
    47 optical emission
    48 particles
    49 radiative cooling
    50 radiator
    51 range
    52 size dependence
    53 size distribution
    54 small spherical particles
    55 spectra
    56 spherical particles
    57 standard laser vaporization technique
    58 structureless continuum
    59 technique
    60 temperature
    61 theory
    62 time
    63 time evolution
    64 tungsten
    65 vaporization technique
    66 wavelength range
    67 schema:name Radiative cooling of free metal clusters
    68 schema:pagination 108-110
    69 schema:productId N5b23e96dfc09415fb952d1750d116dbf
    70 Nf7f4a3e3797c40c6adb90d36e358ac37
    71 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045115132
    72 https://doi.org/10.1007/s004600050170
    73 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-12-01T19:10
    74 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    75 schema:sdPublisher N1789d21463c640889f6961e9d8d26c3e
    76 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s004600050170
    77 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    78 sgo:sdDataset articles
    79 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    80 N1789d21463c640889f6961e9d8d26c3e schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    81 rdf:type schema:Organization
    82 N443554c3e3bf4866906d4d09a4adc07c rdf:first sg:person.012021114607.06
    83 rdf:rest Nda315c3957a040149a7a43aa4b747b94
    84 N5b23e96dfc09415fb952d1750d116dbf schema:name dimensions_id
    85 schema:value pub.1045115132
    86 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    87 N6a60cb2dd21847419dc771b5cbdb2982 schema:issueNumber 1
    88 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    89 Na2227586a655412d824d1d054446935b schema:volumeNumber 40
    90 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    91 Nda315c3957a040149a7a43aa4b747b94 rdf:first sg:person.011754246404.88
    92 rdf:rest Neeef8d27c64f427299f050980eade5f4
    93 Ne6ebddc369384ccc85a374cf8824bc7d rdf:first sg:person.013411255641.12
    94 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    95 Neeef8d27c64f427299f050980eade5f4 rdf:first sg:person.013347207404.09
    96 rdf:rest Ne6ebddc369384ccc85a374cf8824bc7d
    97 Nf7f4a3e3797c40c6adb90d36e358ac37 schema:name doi
    98 schema:value 10.1007/s004600050170
    99 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    100 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    101 schema:name Engineering
    102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    103 anzsrc-for:0915 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    104 schema:name Interdisciplinary Engineering
    105 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    106 sg:journal.1277743 schema:issn 0178-7683
    107 1431-5866
    108 schema:name Zeitschrift für Physik D Atoms,Molecules and Clusters
    109 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    110 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    111 sg:person.011754246404.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9811.1
    112 schema:familyName Hammer
    113 schema:givenName U.
    114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011754246404.88
    115 rdf:type schema:Person
    116 sg:person.012021114607.06 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9811.1
    117 schema:familyName Frenzel
    118 schema:givenName U.
    119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012021114607.06
    120 rdf:type schema:Person
    121 sg:person.013347207404.09 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9811.1
    122 schema:familyName Westje
    123 schema:givenName H.
    124 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013347207404.09
    125 rdf:type schema:Person
    126 sg:person.013411255641.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9811.1
    127 schema:familyName Kreisle
    128 schema:givenName D.
    129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013411255641.12
    130 rdf:type schema:Person
    131 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01544024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033739505
    132 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01544024
    133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    134 grid-institutes:grid.9811.1 schema:alternateName Fakultat für Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany
    135 schema:name Fakultat für Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78434, Konstanz, Germany
    136 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...