Comparison of Trained Clinician Ratings with Expert Ratings of Aspiration on Videofluoroscopic Images from a Randomized Clinical Trial View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-06

AUTHORS

Jacqueline A. Hind, Gary Gensler, Diane K. Brandt, Patricia J. Miller Gardner, Loreen Blumenthal, Gary D. Gramigna, Steven Kosek, Donna Lundy, Susan McGarvey-Toler, Susan Rockafellow, Paula A. Sullivan, Marybell Villa, Gary D. Gill, Anne S. Lindblad, Jeri A. Logemann, JoAnne Robbins

ABSTRACT

Accurate detection and classification of aspiration is a critical component of videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation, the most commonly utilized instrumental method for dysphagia diagnosis and treatment. Currently published literature indicates that interjudge reliability for the identification of aspiration ranges from poor to fairly good depending on the amount of training provided to clinicians. The majority of extant studies compared judgments among clinicians. No studies included judgments made during the use of a postural compensatory strategy. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of judgments made by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) practicing in hospitals compared with unblinded expert judges when identifying aspiration and using the 8-point Penetration/Aspiration Scale. Clinicians received extensive training for the detection of aspiration and minimal training on use of the Penetration/Aspiration Scale. Videofluoroscopic data were collected from 669 patients as part of a large, randomized clinical trial and include judgments of 10,200 swallows made by 76 clinicians from 44 hospitals in 11 states. Judgments were made on swallows during use of dysphagia compensatory strategies: chin-down posture with thin liquids and head-neutral posture with thickened liquids (nectar-thick and honey-thick consistencies). The subject population included patients with Parkinson's disease and/or dementia. Kappa statistics indicate high accuracy for all interventions by SLPs for identification of aspiration (all kappa > 0.86) and variable accuracy (range = 69-76%) using the Penetration/Aspiration Scale when compared to expert judges. It is concluded that while the accuracy of identifying the presence of aspiration by SLPs is excellent, more extensive training and/or image enhancement is recommended for precise use of the Penetration/Aspiration Scale. More... »

PAGES

211

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019366098

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18953607


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Aged, 80 and over", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Deglutition", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Deglutition Disorders", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Dementia", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Fluoroscopy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Health Status Indicators", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Middle Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Parkinson Disease", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Professional Competence", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Respiratory Aspiration", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Speech Therapy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Speech-Language Pathology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Video Recording", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417123.2", 
          "name": [
            "School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, 53705, Madison, WI, USA", 
            "William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, 2500 Overlook Terrace GRECC (11G), Madison, WI, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hind", 
        "givenName": "Jacqueline A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015347541367.72", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015347541367.72"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Emmes Corporation", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280434.9", 
          "name": [
            "The EMMES Corporation, 401 North Washington St., Ste 700, 20850, Rockville, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gensler", 
        "givenName": "Gary", 
        "id": "sg:person.0705435455.76", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0705435455.76"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Emmes Corporation", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280434.9", 
          "name": [
            "The EMMES Corporation, 401 North Washington St., Ste 700, 20850, Rockville, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Brandt", 
        "givenName": "Diane K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01163437404.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01163437404.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "American Speech Language Hearing Association", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422557.3", 
          "name": [
            "American Speech- Language-Hearing Association, 5410 Edson Lane, Ste 350, 20852, Rockville, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Miller Gardner", 
        "givenName": "Patricia J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01036601246.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01036601246.15"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "West Palm Beach VA Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416800.b", 
          "name": [
            "West Palm Beach VA Medical Center, 7305 North Military Trail (160A), 33410, West Palm Beach, FL, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Blumenthal", 
        "givenName": "Loreen", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "VA Boston Healthcare System", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410370.1", 
          "name": [
            "VA Boston Healthcare System, 1400 VFW Parkway (126), 02132, West Roxbury, MA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gramigna", 
        "givenName": "Gary D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01262206055.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01262206055.10"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Minneapolis VA Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.491585.4", 
          "name": [
            "Minneapolis VA Medical Center, One Veterans Drive (127A), 55417, Minneapolis, MN, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kosek", 
        "givenName": "Steven", 
        "id": "sg:person.01031531055.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01031531055.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Miami", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26790.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Otolaryngology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 33136, Miami, FL, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lundy", 
        "givenName": "Donna", 
        "id": "sg:person.0713745153.37", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0713745153.37"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280828.8", 
          "name": [
            "Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, 1481 West 10th St., 46202, Indianapolis, IN, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "McGarvey-Toler", 
        "givenName": "Susan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01004736704.46", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01004736704.46"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Westview Hospital, 3630 Guion Rd., 46222, Indianapolis, IN, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rockafellow", 
        "givenName": "Susan", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417123.2", 
          "name": [
            "School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, 53705, Madison, WI, USA", 
            "William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, 2500 Overlook Terrace GRECC (11G), Madison, WI, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sullivan", 
        "givenName": "Paula A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0725376156.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0725376156.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "New York Hospital Queens", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416124.4", 
          "name": [
            "Speech Pathology, New York Hospital Queens, 139-26 Booth Memorial Ave., 11355, Flushing, NY, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Villa", 
        "givenName": "Marybell", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417123.2", 
          "name": [
            "School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, 53705, Madison, WI, USA", 
            "William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, 2500 Overlook Terrace GRECC (11G), Madison, WI, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gill", 
        "givenName": "Gary D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0774327146.74", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0774327146.74"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Emmes Corporation", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280434.9", 
          "name": [
            "The EMMES Corporation, 401 North Washington St., Ste 700, 20850, Rockville, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lindblad", 
        "givenName": "Anne S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01147204635.30", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01147204635.30"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Northwestern University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.16753.36", 
          "name": [
            "Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2299 North Sheridan Rd 3-44, 60208, Evanston, IL, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Logemann", 
        "givenName": "Jeri A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013756101437.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013756101437.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417123.2", 
          "name": [
            "School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, 53705, Madison, WI, USA", 
            "William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, 2500 Overlook Terrace GRECC (11G), Madison, WI, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Robbins", 
        "givenName": "JoAnne", 
        "id": "sg:person.015372461712.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015372461712.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2008/013)", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007420515"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/pl00009576", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007569253", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00009576"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00417897", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020593129", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00417897"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00417897", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020593129", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00417897"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/pl00021291", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023746925", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00021291"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/mlg.0b013e318123ee6a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023750525"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/mlg.0b013e318123ee6a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023750525"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/mlg.0b013e318123ee6a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023750525"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1044/jshr.3901.144", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034572605"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00714593", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038677824", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00714593"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00714593", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038677824", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00714593"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/001316446002000104", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039619716"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/001316446002000104", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039619716"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/pl00009610", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043724254", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00009610"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/pl00009564", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046865953", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00009564"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1740774506070731", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052527294"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1740774506070731", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052527294"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9993(93)90035-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054541269"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/biomet/30.1-2.81", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059415839"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082804085", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2009-06", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2009-06-01", 
    "description": "Accurate detection and classification of aspiration is a critical component of videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation, the most commonly utilized instrumental method for dysphagia diagnosis and treatment. Currently published literature indicates that interjudge reliability for the identification of aspiration ranges from poor to fairly good depending on the amount of training provided to clinicians. The majority of extant studies compared judgments among clinicians. No studies included judgments made during the use of a postural compensatory strategy. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of judgments made by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) practicing in hospitals compared with unblinded expert judges when identifying aspiration and using the 8-point Penetration/Aspiration Scale. Clinicians received extensive training for the detection of aspiration and minimal training on use of the Penetration/Aspiration Scale. Videofluoroscopic data were collected from 669 patients as part of a large, randomized clinical trial and include judgments of 10,200 swallows made by 76 clinicians from 44 hospitals in 11 states. Judgments were made on swallows during use of dysphagia compensatory strategies: chin-down posture with thin liquids and head-neutral posture with thickened liquids (nectar-thick and honey-thick consistencies). The subject population included patients with Parkinson's disease and/or dementia. Kappa statistics indicate high accuracy for all interventions by SLPs for identification of aspiration (all kappa > 0.86) and variable accuracy (range = 69-76%) using the Penetration/Aspiration Scale when compared to expert judges. It is concluded that while the accuracy of identifying the presence of aspiration by SLPs is excellent, more extensive training and/or image enhancement is recommended for precise use of the Penetration/Aspiration Scale.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2424034", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2689530", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1096596", 
        "issn": [
          "0179-051X", 
          "1432-0460"
        ], 
        "name": "Dysphagia", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "24"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Comparison of Trained Clinician Ratings with Expert Ratings of Aspiration on Videofluoroscopic Images from a Randomized Clinical Trial", 
    "pagination": "211", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "5c45ecfbee04edc02ce087b9dcd1dcda7e47ea7626bc6ce3261f4ca74dbfbfdc"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "18953607"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "8610856"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1019366098"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019366098"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T14:29", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000373_0000000373/records_13084_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00455-008-9196-6"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

320 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      60 URIs      38 LITERALS      26 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6 schema:about N00b096b44dfa4358a02c0172c48dc13a
2 N250b79bb58af467dbc20368ac891b3b4
3 N30cb786dfce246d08474796bf471ec6d
4 N36526345826b4abca7d500a864f95717
5 N36c0d139002b4e499c69b1d387836207
6 N48581bf5cecc492791df88beb79839e6
7 N5d77d5699ec94c8aa854360953268257
8 N701c3b4cdd4e4ab3a6efecfa776a28c2
9 N8e428d193e9e47ccbef5add25b36acb8
10 N967746367b6848e5ab65fdfc721efebf
11 Naeaf1784a04b4063a218815203749e13
12 Nb66cdbf14a2545ec92f6d9528f45b354
13 Nbd80789396634f65bc9e4e0acf307d07
14 Nc23508a5eb6845a7b3e2e240aec3de66
15 Nc33bed49149a47869fa281e66d87eac7
16 Ncdcf98cdaa884f9e804028d365013194
17 Nf442d7827a2d4b91b47845835e723073
18 anzsrc-for:11
19 anzsrc-for:1103
20 schema:author N9f3a4dc0cba746d794d3644da791f523
21 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00417897
22 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00714593
23 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00009564
24 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00009576
25 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00009610
26 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00021291
27 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082804085
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9993(93)90035-9
29 https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2008/013)
30 https://doi.org/10.1044/jshr.3901.144
31 https://doi.org/10.1093/biomet/30.1-2.81
32 https://doi.org/10.1097/mlg.0b013e318123ee6a
33 https://doi.org/10.1177/001316446002000104
34 https://doi.org/10.1177/1740774506070731
35 schema:datePublished 2009-06
36 schema:datePublishedReg 2009-06-01
37 schema:description Accurate detection and classification of aspiration is a critical component of videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation, the most commonly utilized instrumental method for dysphagia diagnosis and treatment. Currently published literature indicates that interjudge reliability for the identification of aspiration ranges from poor to fairly good depending on the amount of training provided to clinicians. The majority of extant studies compared judgments among clinicians. No studies included judgments made during the use of a postural compensatory strategy. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of judgments made by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) practicing in hospitals compared with unblinded expert judges when identifying aspiration and using the 8-point Penetration/Aspiration Scale. Clinicians received extensive training for the detection of aspiration and minimal training on use of the Penetration/Aspiration Scale. Videofluoroscopic data were collected from 669 patients as part of a large, randomized clinical trial and include judgments of 10,200 swallows made by 76 clinicians from 44 hospitals in 11 states. Judgments were made on swallows during use of dysphagia compensatory strategies: chin-down posture with thin liquids and head-neutral posture with thickened liquids (nectar-thick and honey-thick consistencies). The subject population included patients with Parkinson's disease and/or dementia. Kappa statistics indicate high accuracy for all interventions by SLPs for identification of aspiration (all kappa > 0.86) and variable accuracy (range = 69-76%) using the Penetration/Aspiration Scale when compared to expert judges. It is concluded that while the accuracy of identifying the presence of aspiration by SLPs is excellent, more extensive training and/or image enhancement is recommended for precise use of the Penetration/Aspiration Scale.
38 schema:genre research_article
39 schema:inLanguage en
40 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
41 schema:isPartOf N8bf7df4d2a9c4aa7bfb0d2d65037689c
42 Nf1fad7771554465a9344d7a0af1940ab
43 sg:journal.1096596
44 schema:name Comparison of Trained Clinician Ratings with Expert Ratings of Aspiration on Videofluoroscopic Images from a Randomized Clinical Trial
45 schema:pagination 211
46 schema:productId N0203bea3a5c1478b8fc5fe71cfa35e21
47 N26e13fb12fe64627900f59da5901a2c4
48 N607b278dd5b34a33865ab99508f0318a
49 N73bdf1f69552401fa45fb9693f3e94da
50 Nf515ea74d446435ba6960ee4fd6d1a8a
51 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019366098
52 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6
53 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T14:29
54 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
55 schema:sdPublisher N07331ec40717442195481f2a78f25331
56 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00455-008-9196-6
57 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
58 sgo:sdDataset articles
59 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
60 N00b096b44dfa4358a02c0172c48dc13a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
61 schema:name Deglutition Disorders
62 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
63 N0203bea3a5c1478b8fc5fe71cfa35e21 schema:name doi
64 schema:value 10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6
65 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
66 N07331ec40717442195481f2a78f25331 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
67 rdf:type schema:Organization
68 N1a3dad1593514336a4f8a7f1e300f2d7 rdf:first sg:person.015372461712.04
69 rdf:rest rdf:nil
70 N250b79bb58af467dbc20368ac891b3b4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
71 schema:name Middle Aged
72 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
73 N26e13fb12fe64627900f59da5901a2c4 schema:name pubmed_id
74 schema:value 18953607
75 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
76 N300c0ba1fc5e4c9a9d08e180ce12bc29 schema:affiliation N75ac2d8dc0c34631ba2491242ae2ed11
77 schema:familyName Rockafellow
78 schema:givenName Susan
79 rdf:type schema:Person
80 N30cb786dfce246d08474796bf471ec6d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
81 schema:name Female
82 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
83 N36526345826b4abca7d500a864f95717 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
84 schema:name Parkinson Disease
85 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
86 N36c0d139002b4e499c69b1d387836207 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
87 schema:name Respiratory Aspiration
88 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
89 N442091f3006649109b99b33d8e8a579e rdf:first sg:person.01147204635.30
90 rdf:rest N6bea675688f944c9bce66fda3a4f23ec
91 N449aef12769441d4938f2ebe12a5e1ab rdf:first N300c0ba1fc5e4c9a9d08e180ce12bc29
92 rdf:rest N53c15ce2b89541ce83759aa0113268bc
93 N48581bf5cecc492791df88beb79839e6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
94 schema:name Male
95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
96 N53c15ce2b89541ce83759aa0113268bc rdf:first sg:person.0725376156.38
97 rdf:rest N8fa8598f84ea4f70a479b31ff9fae22e
98 N53fadc388c3b40c4b034385f7f3ccf90 rdf:first sg:person.01036601246.15
99 rdf:rest Na1f3aeb439df4b638994203eb34897e7
100 N54b00c665f5746ca9ad267d42cca2999 rdf:first sg:person.01004736704.46
101 rdf:rest N449aef12769441d4938f2ebe12a5e1ab
102 N594757536c6b43e1b55aef2068a153b8 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416124.4
103 schema:familyName Villa
104 schema:givenName Marybell
105 rdf:type schema:Person
106 N5d77d5699ec94c8aa854360953268257 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
107 schema:name Health Status Indicators
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 N607b278dd5b34a33865ab99508f0318a schema:name dimensions_id
110 schema:value pub.1019366098
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 N6bea675688f944c9bce66fda3a4f23ec rdf:first sg:person.013756101437.20
113 rdf:rest N1a3dad1593514336a4f8a7f1e300f2d7
114 N6cd2a8fee8d94a879b9b05903233e9fe rdf:first sg:person.01031531055.41
115 rdf:rest N7473d533b9154280811c6d12405826a7
116 N701c3b4cdd4e4ab3a6efecfa776a28c2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
117 schema:name Professional Competence
118 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
119 N73bdf1f69552401fa45fb9693f3e94da schema:name readcube_id
120 schema:value 5c45ecfbee04edc02ce087b9dcd1dcda7e47ea7626bc6ce3261f4ca74dbfbfdc
121 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
122 N7473d533b9154280811c6d12405826a7 rdf:first sg:person.0713745153.37
123 rdf:rest N54b00c665f5746ca9ad267d42cca2999
124 N75ac2d8dc0c34631ba2491242ae2ed11 schema:name Westview Hospital, 3630 Guion Rd., 46222, Indianapolis, IN, USA
125 rdf:type schema:Organization
126 N8bf7df4d2a9c4aa7bfb0d2d65037689c schema:volumeNumber 24
127 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
128 N8e428d193e9e47ccbef5add25b36acb8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
129 schema:name Dementia
130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
131 N8fa8598f84ea4f70a479b31ff9fae22e rdf:first N594757536c6b43e1b55aef2068a153b8
132 rdf:rest Nc3a2639ae9a54d0f9529c03a9d639524
133 N93fc0f5b204c4f0fa88feddefb9c7528 rdf:first sg:person.01163437404.73
134 rdf:rest N53fadc388c3b40c4b034385f7f3ccf90
135 N967746367b6848e5ab65fdfc721efebf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
136 schema:name Aged, 80 and over
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 N9f3a4dc0cba746d794d3644da791f523 rdf:first sg:person.015347541367.72
139 rdf:rest Nb7d838f5d4a746a489521820b7f6f9a9
140 Na1f3aeb439df4b638994203eb34897e7 rdf:first Nf2fb13d1942c4a0aa4601ac6a50cafba
141 rdf:rest Nbafa7726a9e84ebd85c04d3ef83ee5cf
142 Naeaf1784a04b4063a218815203749e13 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
143 schema:name Speech-Language Pathology
144 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
145 Nb66cdbf14a2545ec92f6d9528f45b354 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
146 schema:name Humans
147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
148 Nb7d838f5d4a746a489521820b7f6f9a9 rdf:first sg:person.0705435455.76
149 rdf:rest N93fc0f5b204c4f0fa88feddefb9c7528
150 Nbafa7726a9e84ebd85c04d3ef83ee5cf rdf:first sg:person.01262206055.10
151 rdf:rest N6cd2a8fee8d94a879b9b05903233e9fe
152 Nbd80789396634f65bc9e4e0acf307d07 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
153 schema:name Fluoroscopy
154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
155 Nc23508a5eb6845a7b3e2e240aec3de66 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
156 schema:name Video Recording
157 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
158 Nc33bed49149a47869fa281e66d87eac7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
159 schema:name Speech Therapy
160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
161 Nc3a2639ae9a54d0f9529c03a9d639524 rdf:first sg:person.0774327146.74
162 rdf:rest N442091f3006649109b99b33d8e8a579e
163 Ncdcf98cdaa884f9e804028d365013194 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
164 schema:name Aged
165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
166 Nf1fad7771554465a9344d7a0af1940ab schema:issueNumber 2
167 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
168 Nf2fb13d1942c4a0aa4601ac6a50cafba schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416800.b
169 schema:familyName Blumenthal
170 schema:givenName Loreen
171 rdf:type schema:Person
172 Nf442d7827a2d4b91b47845835e723073 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
173 schema:name Deglutition
174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
175 Nf515ea74d446435ba6960ee4fd6d1a8a schema:name nlm_unique_id
176 schema:value 8610856
177 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
178 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
179 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
180 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
181 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
182 schema:name Clinical Sciences
183 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
184 sg:grant.2424034 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6
185 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
186 sg:grant.2689530 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00455-008-9196-6
187 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
188 sg:journal.1096596 schema:issn 0179-051X
189 1432-0460
190 schema:name Dysphagia
191 rdf:type schema:Periodical
192 sg:person.01004736704.46 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280828.8
193 schema:familyName McGarvey-Toler
194 schema:givenName Susan
195 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01004736704.46
196 rdf:type schema:Person
197 sg:person.01031531055.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.491585.4
198 schema:familyName Kosek
199 schema:givenName Steven
200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01031531055.41
201 rdf:type schema:Person
202 sg:person.01036601246.15 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422557.3
203 schema:familyName Miller Gardner
204 schema:givenName Patricia J.
205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01036601246.15
206 rdf:type schema:Person
207 sg:person.01147204635.30 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280434.9
208 schema:familyName Lindblad
209 schema:givenName Anne S.
210 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01147204635.30
211 rdf:type schema:Person
212 sg:person.01163437404.73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280434.9
213 schema:familyName Brandt
214 schema:givenName Diane K.
215 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01163437404.73
216 rdf:type schema:Person
217 sg:person.01262206055.10 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410370.1
218 schema:familyName Gramigna
219 schema:givenName Gary D.
220 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01262206055.10
221 rdf:type schema:Person
222 sg:person.013756101437.20 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.16753.36
223 schema:familyName Logemann
224 schema:givenName Jeri A.
225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013756101437.20
226 rdf:type schema:Person
227 sg:person.015347541367.72 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417123.2
228 schema:familyName Hind
229 schema:givenName Jacqueline A.
230 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015347541367.72
231 rdf:type schema:Person
232 sg:person.015372461712.04 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417123.2
233 schema:familyName Robbins
234 schema:givenName JoAnne
235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015372461712.04
236 rdf:type schema:Person
237 sg:person.0705435455.76 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280434.9
238 schema:familyName Gensler
239 schema:givenName Gary
240 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0705435455.76
241 rdf:type schema:Person
242 sg:person.0713745153.37 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26790.3a
243 schema:familyName Lundy
244 schema:givenName Donna
245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0713745153.37
246 rdf:type schema:Person
247 sg:person.0725376156.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417123.2
248 schema:familyName Sullivan
249 schema:givenName Paula A.
250 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0725376156.38
251 rdf:type schema:Person
252 sg:person.0774327146.74 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417123.2
253 schema:familyName Gill
254 schema:givenName Gary D.
255 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0774327146.74
256 rdf:type schema:Person
257 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00417897 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020593129
258 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00417897
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00714593 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038677824
261 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00714593
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00009564 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046865953
264 https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00009564
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00009576 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007569253
267 https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00009576
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00009610 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043724254
270 https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00009610
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00021291 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023746925
273 https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00021291
274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
275 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082804085 schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9993(93)90035-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054541269
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2008/013) schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007420515
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.1044/jshr.3901.144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034572605
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.1093/biomet/30.1-2.81 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059415839
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.1097/mlg.0b013e318123ee6a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023750525
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.1177/001316446002000104 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039619716
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.1177/1740774506070731 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052527294
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.16753.36 schema:alternateName Northwestern University
291 schema:name Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2299 North Sheridan Rd 3-44, 60208, Evanston, IL, USA
292 rdf:type schema:Organization
293 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26790.3a schema:alternateName University of Miami
294 schema:name Department of Otolaryngology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 33136, Miami, FL, USA
295 rdf:type schema:Organization
296 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280434.9 schema:alternateName Emmes Corporation
297 schema:name The EMMES Corporation, 401 North Washington St., Ste 700, 20850, Rockville, MD, USA
298 rdf:type schema:Organization
299 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.280828.8 schema:alternateName Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center
300 schema:name Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, 1481 West 10th St., 46202, Indianapolis, IN, USA
301 rdf:type schema:Organization
302 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410370.1 schema:alternateName VA Boston Healthcare System
303 schema:name VA Boston Healthcare System, 1400 VFW Parkway (126), 02132, West Roxbury, MA, USA
304 rdf:type schema:Organization
305 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416124.4 schema:alternateName New York Hospital Queens
306 schema:name Speech Pathology, New York Hospital Queens, 139-26 Booth Memorial Ave., 11355, Flushing, NY, USA
307 rdf:type schema:Organization
308 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416800.b schema:alternateName West Palm Beach VA Medical Center
309 schema:name West Palm Beach VA Medical Center, 7305 North Military Trail (160A), 33410, West Palm Beach, FL, USA
310 rdf:type schema:Organization
311 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417123.2 schema:alternateName William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital
312 schema:name School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, 53705, Madison, WI, USA
313 William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, 2500 Overlook Terrace GRECC (11G), Madison, WI, USA
314 rdf:type schema:Organization
315 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422557.3 schema:alternateName American Speech Language Hearing Association
316 schema:name American Speech- Language-Hearing Association, 5410 Edson Lane, Ste 350, 20852, Rockville, MD, USA
317 rdf:type schema:Organization
318 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.491585.4 schema:alternateName Minneapolis VA Medical Center
319 schema:name Minneapolis VA Medical Center, One Veterans Drive (127A), 55417, Minneapolis, MN, USA
320 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...