Optimization of enzymatic synthesis of theaflavins from potato polyphenol oxidase View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-04-30

AUTHORS

Dong Li, Liang Dong, Jieyuan Li, Shiqi Zhang, Yu Lei, Mengsheng Deng, Jingya Li

ABSTRACT

Theaflavin (TF), a chemical component important in measuring the quality of fermented tea, has a strong natural antioxidant effect and many pharmacological functions. Enzymatic oxidation has become a widely used method for preparing TFs at the current research stage. Using plant exogenous polyphenol oxidase (PPO) to enzymatically synthesize TFs can significantly increase yield and purity. In this study, tea polyphenols were used as the reaction substrate to discuss the optimal synthesis conditions of potato PPO enzymatic synthesis of theaflavins and the main products of enzymatic synthesis of TFs. The optimal enzymatic synthesis conditions were as follows: pH of the reaction system was 5.5, reaction time was 150 min, substrate concentration was 6.0 mg/mL, reaction temperature was 20 °C, and the maximum amount of TFs produced was 651.75 μg/mL. At the same time, high-performance liquid chromatography was used to determine the content of theaflavins and catechins in the sample to be tested, and the dynamic changes and correlations of the main catechins and theaflavins in the optimal enzymatic system were analyzed. The results showed that epicatechin (EC), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin gallate (ECG), and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) are all the main substrates synthesis of TFs. The main substrate of TFs and its strongest enzymatic catalytic effect on EGCG make theaflavin-3,3′-digallate (TFDG) the most important synthetic monomer. In this study, theaflavins were synthesized by polyphenol oxidase catalysis, which laid a foundation for industrialization of theaflavins. More... »

PAGES

1047-1055

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00449-022-02723-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00449-022-02723-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1147511102

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35487994


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