Low-cost volcano surveillance from space: case studies from Etna, Krafla, Cerro Negro, Fogo, Lascar and Erebus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1997-09

AUTHORS

Andrew J. L. Harris, Anna L. Butterworth, Richard W. Carlton, Ian Downey, Peter Miller, Pedro Navarro, David A. Rothery

ABSTRACT

Satellite data offer a means of supplementing ground-based monitoring during volcanic eruptions, especially at times or locations where ground-based monitoring is difficult. Being directly and freely available several times a day, data from the advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) offers great potential for near real-time monitoring of all volcanoes across large (3000×3000 km) areas. Herein we describe techniques to detect and locate activity; estimate lava area, thermal flux, effusion rates and cumulative volume; and distinguish types of activity. Application is demonstrated using data for active lavas at Krafla, Etna, Fogo, Cerro Negro and Erebus; a pyroclastic flow at Lascar; and open vent systems at Etna and Stromboli. Automated near real-time analysis of AVHRR data could be achieved at existing, or cheap to install, receiving stations, offering a supplement to conventional monitoring methods. More... »

PAGES

49-64

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004450050174

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004450050174

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032268301


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