Strombolian explosive styles and source conditions: insights from thermal (FLIR) video View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2007-06

AUTHORS

Matthew R. Patrick, Andrew J. L. Harris, Maurizio Ripepe, Jonathan Dehn, David A. Rothery, Sonia Calvari

ABSTRACT

Forward Looking Infrared Radiometer (FLIR) cameras offer a unique view of explosive volcanism by providing an image of calibrated temperatures. In this study, 344 eruptive events at Stromboli volcano, Italy, were imaged in 2001–2004 with a FLIR camera operating at up to 30 Hz. The FLIR was effective at revealing both ash plumes and coarse ballistic scoria, and a wide range of eruption styles was recorded. Eruptions at Stromboli can generally be classified into two groups: Type 1 eruptions, which are dominated by coarse ballistic particles, and Type 2 eruptions, which consist of an optically-thick, ash-rich plume, with (Type 2a) or without (Type 2b) large numbers of ballistic particles. Furthermore, Type 2a plumes exhibited gas thrust velocities (>15 m s−1) while Type 2b plumes were limited to buoyant velocities (<15 m s−1) above the crater rim. A given vent would normally maintain a particular gross eruption style (Type 1 vs. 2) for days to weeks, indicating stability of the uppermost conduit on these timescales. Velocities at the crater rim had a range of 3–101 m s−1, with an overall mean value of 24 m s−1. Mean crater rim velocities by eruption style were: Type 1 = 34 m s−1, Type 2a = 31 m s−1, Type 2b = 7 m s−1. Eruption durations had a range of 6–41 s, with a mean of 15 s, similar among eruption styles. The ash in Type 2 eruptions originates from either backfilled material (crater wall slumping or ejecta rollback) or rheological changes in the uppermost magma column. Type 2a and 2b behaviors are shown to be a function of the overpressure of the bursting slug. In general, our imaging data support a broadening of the current paradigm for strombolian behavior, incorporating an uppermost conduit that can be more variable than is commonly considered. More... »

PAGES

769-784

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009762228


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0403", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Geology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Michigan Technological University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259979.9", 
          "name": [
            "Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii Manoa, 1680 East\u2013West Road, 96822, Honolulu, HI, USA", 
            "Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall, MK7 6AA, Milton Keynes, UK", 
            "Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Drive, 49931, Houghton, MI, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Patrick", 
        "givenName": "Matthew R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011221232311.11", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011221232311.11"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hawaii at Manoa", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410445.0", 
          "name": [
            "Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii Manoa, 1680 East\u2013West Road, 96822, Honolulu, HI, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Harris", 
        "givenName": "Andrew J. L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014163012245.08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014163012245.08"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Florence", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8404.8", 
          "name": [
            "Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Universita di Firenze, Via G. La Pira,4, I-50121, Firenze, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ripepe", 
        "givenName": "Maurizio", 
        "id": "sg:person.016274603421.94", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016274603421.94"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Alaska Fairbanks", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b", 
          "name": [
            "Alaska Volcano Observatory, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 903 Koyukuk Drive, 99775, Fairbanks, AK, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dehn", 
        "givenName": "Jonathan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01254571034.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01254571034.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "The Open University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10837.3d", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall, MK7 6AA, Milton Keynes, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rothery", 
        "givenName": "David A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015333053257.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015333053257.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410348.a", 
          "name": [
            "Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Piazza Roma 2, 95123, Catania, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Calvari", 
        "givenName": "Sonia", 
        "id": "sg:person.013016467056.66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013016467056.66"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.05.011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000518669"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2003jb002535", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000675108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1130/g21173.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000690122"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/368326a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002591528", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/368326a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.1973.0034", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002913591"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/jb079i023p03257", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005436451"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00641385", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008644797", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00641385"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00641385", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008644797", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00641385"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/97gl03482", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013260900"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.01.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015357782"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.132.4.0429", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015791273"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00569938", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016642754", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00569938"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2006jb004387", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017041224"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(78)90005-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019229089"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(78)90005-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019229089"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2004gl021406", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019990468"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/94gl01286", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021218756"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/jb079i032p04961", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021606972"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00362-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021862438"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00531-001-0242-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024167594", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-001-0242-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(95)00057-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024829251"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.1995.tb03523.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025367998"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.1995.tb03523.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025367998"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2004jb003129", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027760528"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00196-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028918324"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00196-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028918324"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-246x.2003.01982.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029039014"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90110-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030946871"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/gl006i004p00317", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031120531"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597194", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032052437", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02597194"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597194", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032052437", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02597194"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/1999gl900400", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033229184"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(93)90071-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035264609"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(93)90071-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035264609"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90019-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035526925"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90019-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035526925"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2002jb001919", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037464613"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00347-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037540542"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(90)90054-j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037690583"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(90)90054-j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037690583"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2002gl015452", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039271951"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2001gl014372", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040740243"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.132.4.0441", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042213862"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2004eo350001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043754837"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/331058a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046370583", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/331058a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/97gl00861", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046386861"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01840108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046485945", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01840108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01840108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046485945", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01840108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1130/g19645.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047813113"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2000jb900374", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049829856"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050565989", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02597025"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050565989", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02597025"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/96jb01178", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051802768"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/92gl02502", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052176417"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1130/g21325.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053547352"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0016756800041583", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053966175"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1130/g21459.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062733736"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1130/g21459.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062733736"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2007-06", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2007-06-01", 
    "description": "Forward Looking Infrared Radiometer (FLIR) cameras offer a unique view of explosive volcanism by providing an image of calibrated temperatures. In this study, 344 eruptive events at Stromboli volcano, Italy, were imaged in 2001\u20132004 with a FLIR camera operating at up to 30 Hz. The FLIR was effective at revealing both ash plumes and coarse ballistic scoria, and a wide range of eruption styles was recorded. Eruptions at Stromboli can generally be classified into two groups: Type 1 eruptions, which are dominated by coarse ballistic particles, and Type 2 eruptions, which consist of an optically-thick, ash-rich plume, with (Type 2a) or without (Type 2b) large numbers of ballistic particles. Furthermore, Type 2a plumes exhibited gas thrust velocities (>15 m s\u22121) while Type 2b plumes were limited to buoyant velocities (<15 m s\u22121) above the crater rim. A given vent would normally maintain a particular gross eruption style (Type 1 vs. 2) for days to weeks, indicating stability of the uppermost conduit on these timescales. Velocities at the crater rim had a range of 3\u2013101 m s\u22121, with an overall mean value of 24 m s\u22121. Mean crater rim velocities by eruption style were: Type 1 = 34 m s\u22121, Type 2a = 31 m s\u22121, Type 2b = 7 m s\u22121. Eruption durations had a range of 6\u201341 s, with a mean of 15 s, similar among eruption styles. The ash in Type 2 eruptions originates from either backfilled material (crater wall slumping or ejecta rollback) or rheological changes in the uppermost magma column. Type 2a and 2b behaviors are shown to be a function of the overpressure of the bursting slug. In general, our imaging data support a broadening of the current paradigm for strombolian behavior, incorporating an uppermost conduit that can be more variable than is commonly considered.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3027131", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1051922", 
        "issn": [
          "0258-8900", 
          "1432-0819"
        ], 
        "name": "Bulletin of Volcanology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "7", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "69"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Strombolian explosive styles and source conditions: insights from thermal (FLIR) video", 
    "pagination": "769-784", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "2e8180fd35093624dcb253d722d1665e479e174916bb945012f24c96eba8283b"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1009762228"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009762228"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T14:27", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000373_0000000373/records_13073_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

264 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      74 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
2 anzsrc-for:0403
3 schema:author N118fed8191eb4987a6cae7b991d45184
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00569938
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00641385
6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01840108
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597025
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597194
9 sg:pub.10.1007/s00531-001-0242-y
10 sg:pub.10.1038/331058a0
11 sg:pub.10.1038/368326a0
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(78)90005-7
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90019-0
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90110-9
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(90)90054-j
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(93)90071-x
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(95)00057-7
18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.01.002
19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.05.011
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00196-3
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00347-0
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00362-7
23 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0016756800041583
24 https://doi.org/10.1029/1999gl900400
25 https://doi.org/10.1029/2000jb900374
26 https://doi.org/10.1029/2001gl014372
27 https://doi.org/10.1029/2002gl015452
28 https://doi.org/10.1029/2002jb001919
29 https://doi.org/10.1029/2003jb002535
30 https://doi.org/10.1029/2004eo350001
31 https://doi.org/10.1029/2004gl021406
32 https://doi.org/10.1029/2004jb003129
33 https://doi.org/10.1029/2006jb004387
34 https://doi.org/10.1029/92gl02502
35 https://doi.org/10.1029/94gl01286
36 https://doi.org/10.1029/96jb01178
37 https://doi.org/10.1029/97gl00861
38 https://doi.org/10.1029/97gl03482
39 https://doi.org/10.1029/gl006i004p00317
40 https://doi.org/10.1029/jb079i023p03257
41 https://doi.org/10.1029/jb079i032p04961
42 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-246x.2003.01982.x
43 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.1973.0034
44 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.1995.tb03523.x
45 https://doi.org/10.1130/g19645.1
46 https://doi.org/10.1130/g21173.1
47 https://doi.org/10.1130/g21325.1
48 https://doi.org/10.1130/g21459.1
49 https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.132.4.0429
50 https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.132.4.0441
51 schema:datePublished 2007-06
52 schema:datePublishedReg 2007-06-01
53 schema:description Forward Looking Infrared Radiometer (FLIR) cameras offer a unique view of explosive volcanism by providing an image of calibrated temperatures. In this study, 344 eruptive events at Stromboli volcano, Italy, were imaged in 2001–2004 with a FLIR camera operating at up to 30 Hz. The FLIR was effective at revealing both ash plumes and coarse ballistic scoria, and a wide range of eruption styles was recorded. Eruptions at Stromboli can generally be classified into two groups: Type 1 eruptions, which are dominated by coarse ballistic particles, and Type 2 eruptions, which consist of an optically-thick, ash-rich plume, with (Type 2a) or without (Type 2b) large numbers of ballistic particles. Furthermore, Type 2a plumes exhibited gas thrust velocities (>15 m s−1) while Type 2b plumes were limited to buoyant velocities (<15 m s−1) above the crater rim. A given vent would normally maintain a particular gross eruption style (Type 1 vs. 2) for days to weeks, indicating stability of the uppermost conduit on these timescales. Velocities at the crater rim had a range of 3–101 m s−1, with an overall mean value of 24 m s−1. Mean crater rim velocities by eruption style were: Type 1 = 34 m s−1, Type 2a = 31 m s−1, Type 2b = 7 m s−1. Eruption durations had a range of 6–41 s, with a mean of 15 s, similar among eruption styles. The ash in Type 2 eruptions originates from either backfilled material (crater wall slumping or ejecta rollback) or rheological changes in the uppermost magma column. Type 2a and 2b behaviors are shown to be a function of the overpressure of the bursting slug. In general, our imaging data support a broadening of the current paradigm for strombolian behavior, incorporating an uppermost conduit that can be more variable than is commonly considered.
54 schema:genre research_article
55 schema:inLanguage en
56 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
57 schema:isPartOf N0e642a2caf8945f580cdd7348347216c
58 N5a11676a247c426bac1468ff30f41a30
59 sg:journal.1051922
60 schema:name Strombolian explosive styles and source conditions: insights from thermal (FLIR) video
61 schema:pagination 769-784
62 schema:productId N651cdbccd3ad4bfe82865fcd5b5bb94b
63 Ne10c1ed07f704705ab0a6a4092d09c38
64 Nf9a49e1034f541879ee08fd29bf94f2e
65 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009762228
66 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0
67 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T14:27
68 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
69 schema:sdPublisher N79b4895a9486473fb3ff76b3de27dfb6
70 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0
71 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
72 sgo:sdDataset articles
73 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
74 N0e642a2caf8945f580cdd7348347216c schema:issueNumber 7
75 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
76 N118fed8191eb4987a6cae7b991d45184 rdf:first sg:person.011221232311.11
77 rdf:rest N87279eb0363446b2ac30c3013ca5eeb0
78 N1f49ba146de04ec6a7db4264bdd5412f rdf:first sg:person.013016467056.66
79 rdf:rest rdf:nil
80 N2b778fcb08f64006a4f99e55372e0749 rdf:first sg:person.01254571034.39
81 rdf:rest N6bb95dcf5bdf499db8a822b1c9d453d2
82 N513a821f49874fee8877c638dd397324 rdf:first sg:person.016274603421.94
83 rdf:rest N2b778fcb08f64006a4f99e55372e0749
84 N5a11676a247c426bac1468ff30f41a30 schema:volumeNumber 69
85 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
86 N651cdbccd3ad4bfe82865fcd5b5bb94b schema:name dimensions_id
87 schema:value pub.1009762228
88 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
89 N6bb95dcf5bdf499db8a822b1c9d453d2 rdf:first sg:person.015333053257.07
90 rdf:rest N1f49ba146de04ec6a7db4264bdd5412f
91 N79b4895a9486473fb3ff76b3de27dfb6 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
92 rdf:type schema:Organization
93 N87279eb0363446b2ac30c3013ca5eeb0 rdf:first sg:person.014163012245.08
94 rdf:rest N513a821f49874fee8877c638dd397324
95 Ne10c1ed07f704705ab0a6a4092d09c38 schema:name doi
96 schema:value 10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0
97 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
98 Nf9a49e1034f541879ee08fd29bf94f2e schema:name readcube_id
99 schema:value 2e8180fd35093624dcb253d722d1665e479e174916bb945012f24c96eba8283b
100 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
101 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
102 schema:name Earth Sciences
103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
104 anzsrc-for:0403 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
105 schema:name Geology
106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
107 sg:grant.3027131 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0
108 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
109 sg:journal.1051922 schema:issn 0258-8900
110 1432-0819
111 schema:name Bulletin of Volcanology
112 rdf:type schema:Periodical
113 sg:person.011221232311.11 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259979.9
114 schema:familyName Patrick
115 schema:givenName Matthew R.
116 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011221232311.11
117 rdf:type schema:Person
118 sg:person.01254571034.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b
119 schema:familyName Dehn
120 schema:givenName Jonathan
121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01254571034.39
122 rdf:type schema:Person
123 sg:person.013016467056.66 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410348.a
124 schema:familyName Calvari
125 schema:givenName Sonia
126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013016467056.66
127 rdf:type schema:Person
128 sg:person.014163012245.08 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410445.0
129 schema:familyName Harris
130 schema:givenName Andrew J. L.
131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014163012245.08
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 sg:person.015333053257.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10837.3d
134 schema:familyName Rothery
135 schema:givenName David A.
136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015333053257.07
137 rdf:type schema:Person
138 sg:person.016274603421.94 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8404.8
139 schema:familyName Ripepe
140 schema:givenName Maurizio
141 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016274603421.94
142 rdf:type schema:Person
143 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00569938 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016642754
144 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00569938
145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
146 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00641385 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008644797
147 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00641385
148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
149 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01840108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046485945
150 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01840108
151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
152 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050565989
153 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02597025
154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
155 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032052437
156 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02597194
157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
158 sg:pub.10.1007/s00531-001-0242-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024167594
159 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-001-0242-y
160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
161 sg:pub.10.1038/331058a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046370583
162 https://doi.org/10.1038/331058a0
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 sg:pub.10.1038/368326a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002591528
165 https://doi.org/10.1038/368326a0
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(78)90005-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019229089
168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
169 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90019-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035526925
170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
171 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90110-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030946871
172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
173 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(90)90054-j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037690583
174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
175 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(93)90071-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035264609
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(95)00057-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024829251
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.01.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015357782
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.05.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000518669
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00196-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028918324
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00347-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037540542
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(03)00362-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021862438
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0016756800041583 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053966175
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 https://doi.org/10.1029/1999gl900400 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033229184
192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
193 https://doi.org/10.1029/2000jb900374 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049829856
194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
195 https://doi.org/10.1029/2001gl014372 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040740243
196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
197 https://doi.org/10.1029/2002gl015452 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039271951
198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
199 https://doi.org/10.1029/2002jb001919 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037464613
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 https://doi.org/10.1029/2003jb002535 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000675108
202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
203 https://doi.org/10.1029/2004eo350001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043754837
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 https://doi.org/10.1029/2004gl021406 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019990468
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 https://doi.org/10.1029/2004jb003129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027760528
208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
209 https://doi.org/10.1029/2006jb004387 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017041224
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 https://doi.org/10.1029/92gl02502 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052176417
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 https://doi.org/10.1029/94gl01286 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021218756
214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
215 https://doi.org/10.1029/96jb01178 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051802768
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 https://doi.org/10.1029/97gl00861 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046386861
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1029/97gl03482 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013260900
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1029/gl006i004p00317 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031120531
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1029/jb079i023p03257 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005436451
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1029/jb079i032p04961 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021606972
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-246x.2003.01982.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029039014
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.1973.0034 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002913591
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.1995.tb03523.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025367998
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1130/g19645.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047813113
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1130/g21173.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000690122
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1130/g21325.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053547352
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1130/g21459.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062733736
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.132.4.0429 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015791273
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.132.4.0441 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042213862
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10837.3d schema:alternateName The Open University
246 schema:name Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall, MK7 6AA, Milton Keynes, UK
247 rdf:type schema:Organization
248 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.259979.9 schema:alternateName Michigan Technological University
249 schema:name Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall, MK7 6AA, Milton Keynes, UK
250 Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Drive, 49931, Houghton, MI, USA
251 Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii Manoa, 1680 East–West Road, 96822, Honolulu, HI, USA
252 rdf:type schema:Organization
253 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410348.a schema:alternateName National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology
254 schema:name Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Piazza Roma 2, 95123, Catania, Italy
255 rdf:type schema:Organization
256 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410445.0 schema:alternateName University of Hawaii at Manoa
257 schema:name Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii Manoa, 1680 East–West Road, 96822, Honolulu, HI, USA
258 rdf:type schema:Organization
259 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b schema:alternateName University of Alaska Fairbanks
260 schema:name Alaska Volcano Observatory, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 903 Koyukuk Drive, 99775, Fairbanks, AK, USA
261 rdf:type schema:Organization
262 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8404.8 schema:alternateName University of Florence
263 schema:name Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Universita di Firenze, Via G. La Pira,4, I-50121, Firenze, Italy
264 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...