A re-assessment of high elevation treeline positions and their explanation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1998-07

AUTHORS

Christian Körner

ABSTRACT

In this review I first compile data for the worldwide position of climate-driven alpine treelines. Causes for treeline formation are then discussed with a global perspective. Available evidence suggests a combination of a general thermal boundary for tree growth, with regionally variable “modulatory” forces, including the presence of certain taxa. Much of the explanatory evidence found in the literature relates to these modulatory aspects at regional scales, whereas no good explanations emerged for the more fundamental global pattern related to temperature per se, on which this review is focused. I hypothesize that the life form “tree” is limited at treeline altitudes by the potential investment, rather than production, of assimilates (growth as such, rather than photosynthesis or the carbon balance, being limited). In shoots coupled to a cold atmosphere, meristem activity is suggested to be limited for much of the time, especially at night. By reducing soil heat flux during the growing season the forest canopy negatively affects root zone temperature. The lower threshold temperature for tissue growth and development appears to be higher than 3°C and lower than 10°C, possibly in the 5.5–7.5°C range, most commonly associated with seasonal means of air temperature at treeline positions. The physiological and developmental mechanisms responsible have yet to be analyzed. Root zone temperature, though largely unknown, is likely to be most critical. More... »

PAGES

445-459

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420050540

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004420050540

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024841207

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28308263


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Plant Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Botanisches Institut, Universit\u00e4t Basel, Sch\u00f6nbeinstrasse 6, CH-4056 Basel, e-mail: koerner@ubaclu.unibas.ch", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3", 
          "name": [
            "Botanisches Institut, Universit\u00e4t Basel, Sch\u00f6nbeinstrasse 6, CH-4056 Basel, e-mail: koerner@ubaclu.unibas.ch"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "K\u00f6rner", 
        "givenName": "Christian", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1998-07", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1998-07-01", 
    "description": "Abstract In this review I first compile data for the worldwide position of climate-driven alpine treelines. Causes for treeline formation are then discussed with a global perspective. Available evidence suggests a combination of a general thermal boundary for tree growth, with regionally variable \u201cmodulatory\u201d forces, including the presence of certain taxa. Much of the explanatory evidence found in the literature relates to these modulatory aspects at regional scales, whereas no good explanations emerged for the more fundamental global pattern related to temperature per se, on which this review is focused. I hypothesize that the life form \u201ctree\u201d is limited at treeline altitudes by the potential investment, rather than production, of assimilates (growth as such, rather than photosynthesis or the carbon balance, being limited). In shoots coupled to a cold atmosphere, meristem activity is suggested to be limited for much of the time, especially at night. By reducing soil heat flux during the growing season the forest canopy negatively affects root zone temperature. The lower threshold temperature for tissue growth and development appears to be higher than 3\u00b0C and lower than 10\u00b0C, possibly in the 5.5\u20137.5\u00b0C range, most commonly associated with seasonal means of air temperature at treeline positions. The physiological and developmental mechanisms responsible have yet to be analyzed. Root zone temperature, though largely unknown, is likely to be most critical.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050540", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1009586", 
        "issn": [
          "0029-8549", 
          "1432-1939"
        ], 
        "name": "Oecologia", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "115"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "root-zone temperature", 
      "meristem activity", 
      "treeline position", 
      "certain taxa", 
      "life forms", 
      "developmental mechanisms", 
      "alpine treeline", 
      "treeline formation", 
      "modulatory aspects", 
      "tree growth", 
      "global patterns", 
      "review I", 
      "tissue growth", 
      "treeline altitude", 
      "lower threshold temperature", 
      "worldwide position", 
      "zone temperature", 
      "taxa", 
      "regional scale", 
      "assimilates", 
      "shoots", 
      "growth", 
      "treeline", 
      "forest", 
      "trees", 
      "explanatory evidence", 
      "season", 
      "threshold temperature", 
      "mechanism", 
      "evidence", 
      "production", 
      "activity", 
      "patterns", 
      "formation", 
      "air temperature", 
      "best explanation", 
      "position", 
      "development", 
      "presence", 
      "altitude", 
      "explanation", 
      "night", 
      "global perspective", 
      "form", 
      "seasonal means", 
      "review", 
      "combination", 
      "flux", 
      "available evidence", 
      "temperature", 
      "aspects", 
      "data", 
      "range", 
      "cause", 
      "thermal boundary", 
      "scale", 
      "time", 
      "means", 
      "force", 
      "boundaries", 
      "perspective", 
      "soil heat flux", 
      "investment", 
      "atmosphere", 
      "literature", 
      "cold atmosphere", 
      "potential investments", 
      "heat flux", 
      "climate-driven alpine treelines", 
      "general thermal boundary", 
      "fundamental global pattern", 
      "high elevation treeline positions", 
      "elevation treeline positions"
    ], 
    "name": "A re-assessment of high elevation treeline positions and their explanation", 
    "pagination": "445-459", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1024841207"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s004420050540"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "28308263"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050540", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024841207"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-12-01T19:10", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_287.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050540"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420050540'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420050540'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420050540'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420050540'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

134 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      100 URIs      92 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050540 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0607
3 schema:author Nf453eb779bf542dcabd63516ff34b7cd
4 schema:datePublished 1998-07
5 schema:datePublishedReg 1998-07-01
6 schema:description Abstract In this review I first compile data for the worldwide position of climate-driven alpine treelines. Causes for treeline formation are then discussed with a global perspective. Available evidence suggests a combination of a general thermal boundary for tree growth, with regionally variable “modulatory” forces, including the presence of certain taxa. Much of the explanatory evidence found in the literature relates to these modulatory aspects at regional scales, whereas no good explanations emerged for the more fundamental global pattern related to temperature per se, on which this review is focused. I hypothesize that the life form “tree” is limited at treeline altitudes by the potential investment, rather than production, of assimilates (growth as such, rather than photosynthesis or the carbon balance, being limited). In shoots coupled to a cold atmosphere, meristem activity is suggested to be limited for much of the time, especially at night. By reducing soil heat flux during the growing season the forest canopy negatively affects root zone temperature. The lower threshold temperature for tissue growth and development appears to be higher than 3°C and lower than 10°C, possibly in the 5.5–7.5°C range, most commonly associated with seasonal means of air temperature at treeline positions. The physiological and developmental mechanisms responsible have yet to be analyzed. Root zone temperature, though largely unknown, is likely to be most critical.
7 schema:genre article
8 schema:inLanguage en
9 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
10 schema:isPartOf N54445e09943e454882aac2eabfe5c8cd
11 N71c5da65bb7f48af8f66bcebfeb2645b
12 sg:journal.1009586
13 schema:keywords activity
14 air temperature
15 alpine treeline
16 altitude
17 aspects
18 assimilates
19 atmosphere
20 available evidence
21 best explanation
22 boundaries
23 cause
24 certain taxa
25 climate-driven alpine treelines
26 cold atmosphere
27 combination
28 data
29 development
30 developmental mechanisms
31 elevation treeline positions
32 evidence
33 explanation
34 explanatory evidence
35 flux
36 force
37 forest
38 form
39 formation
40 fundamental global pattern
41 general thermal boundary
42 global patterns
43 global perspective
44 growth
45 heat flux
46 high elevation treeline positions
47 investment
48 life forms
49 literature
50 lower threshold temperature
51 means
52 mechanism
53 meristem activity
54 modulatory aspects
55 night
56 patterns
57 perspective
58 position
59 potential investments
60 presence
61 production
62 range
63 regional scale
64 review
65 review I
66 root-zone temperature
67 scale
68 season
69 seasonal means
70 shoots
71 soil heat flux
72 taxa
73 temperature
74 thermal boundary
75 threshold temperature
76 time
77 tissue growth
78 tree growth
79 treeline
80 treeline altitude
81 treeline formation
82 treeline position
83 trees
84 worldwide position
85 zone temperature
86 schema:name A re-assessment of high elevation treeline positions and their explanation
87 schema:pagination 445-459
88 schema:productId N6413e83813b146de9ded5600494a09e6
89 N9a154aa577014d67917033e50b0c3ecf
90 Ncfff0a60a7fd48f8a537080fd598d308
91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024841207
92 https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050540
93 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-12-01T19:10
94 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
95 schema:sdPublisher Na0200b04e872418296b703c305c149a1
96 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050540
97 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
98 sgo:sdDataset articles
99 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
100 N54445e09943e454882aac2eabfe5c8cd schema:issueNumber 4
101 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
102 N6413e83813b146de9ded5600494a09e6 schema:name doi
103 schema:value 10.1007/s004420050540
104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
105 N71c5da65bb7f48af8f66bcebfeb2645b schema:volumeNumber 115
106 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
107 N9a154aa577014d67917033e50b0c3ecf schema:name dimensions_id
108 schema:value pub.1024841207
109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
110 Na0200b04e872418296b703c305c149a1 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
111 rdf:type schema:Organization
112 Nb65e2eae763a4ad7bdcf2ec174729c6b schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.6612.3
113 schema:familyName Körner
114 schema:givenName Christian
115 rdf:type schema:Person
116 Ncfff0a60a7fd48f8a537080fd598d308 schema:name pubmed_id
117 schema:value 28308263
118 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
119 Nf453eb779bf542dcabd63516ff34b7cd rdf:first Nb65e2eae763a4ad7bdcf2ec174729c6b
120 rdf:rest rdf:nil
121 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
122 schema:name Biological Sciences
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
125 schema:name Plant Biology
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 sg:journal.1009586 schema:issn 0029-8549
128 1432-1939
129 schema:name Oecologia
130 schema:publisher Springer Nature
131 rdf:type schema:Periodical
132 grid-institutes:grid.6612.3 schema:alternateName Botanisches Institut, Universität Basel, Schönbeinstrasse 6, CH-4056 Basel, e-mail: koerner@ubaclu.unibas.ch
133 schema:name Botanisches Institut, Universität Basel, Schönbeinstrasse 6, CH-4056 Basel, e-mail: koerner@ubaclu.unibas.ch
134 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...