A link between plant diversity, elevated CO2 and soil nitrate View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-05

AUTHORS

Pascal A. Niklaus, E. Kandeler, P.W. Leadley, B. Schmid, D. Tscherko, C. Körner

ABSTRACT

Interactive effects of reductions in plant species diversity and increases in atmospheric CO2 were investigated in a long-term study in nutrient-poor calcareous grassland. Throughout the experiment, soil nitrate was persistently increased at low plant species diversity, and CO2 enrichment reduced soil [NO3-] at all levels of plant species diversity. In our study, soil [NO3-] was unrelated to root length density, microbial biomass N, community legume contents, and experimental plant communities differed only little in total N pools. However, potential nitrification revealed exactly the same treatment effects as soil [NO3-], providing circumstantial evidence that nitrification rates drove the observed changes in [NO3-]. One possible explanation for plant diversity effects on nitrification lies in spatial and temporal interspecific differences in plant N uptake, which would more often allow accumulation of NH4+ in part of the soil profile at low diversity than in more species-rich plant communities. Consequently, nitrification rates and soil [NO3-] would increase. Elevated CO2 increased soil water contents, which may have improved NO3- diffusion to the root surface thereby reducing soil [NO3-]. Higher soil moisture at elevated CO2 might also reduce nitrification rates due to less aerobic conditions. The accordance of the diversity effect on soil [NO3-] with previous experiments suggests that increased soil [NO3-] at low species diversity is a fairly general phenomenon, although the mechanisms causing high [NO3-] may vary. In contrast, experimental evidence for effects of CO2 enrichment on soil [NO3-] is ambiguous, and the antagonistic interaction of plant species reductions and elevated CO2 we have observed is thus probably less universal. More... »

PAGES

540-548

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420000612

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004420000612

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021735831

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28547492


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Ecology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Basel", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Botany, University of Basel, Sch\u00f6nbeinstrasse 6, 4056, Basel, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Niklaus", 
        "givenName": "Pascal A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0746774530.58", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0746774530.58"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hohenheim", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9464.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Hohenheim, 70599, Stuttgart, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kandeler", 
        "givenName": "E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01123505433.16", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01123505433.16"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Paris-Sud", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5842.b", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Botany, University of Basel, Sch\u00f6nbeinstrasse 6, 4056, Basel, Switzerland", 
            "Ecologie des Populations et Communaut\u00e9s, URA CNRS 2154, Universit\u00e9 Paris-Sud, 91405, Orsay Cedex, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Leadley", 
        "givenName": "P.W.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010133002263.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010133002263.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Zurich", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7400.3", 
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Umweltwissenschaften, University of Z\u00fcrich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Z\u00fcrich, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schmid", 
        "givenName": "B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01006541102.67", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01006541102.67"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Austrian Research Centre for Forests", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425121.1", 
          "name": [
            "University of Hohenheim, 70599, Stuttgart, Germany", 
            "Federal Office and Research Centre for Agriculture, Spargelfeldstrasse 191, 1226, Vienna, Austria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tscherko", 
        "givenName": "D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014702025003.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014702025003.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Basel", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Botany, University of Basel, Sch\u00f6nbeinstrasse 6, 4056, Basel, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "K\u00f6rner", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0664600627.74", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664600627.74"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2001-05", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2001-05-01", 
    "description": "Interactive effects of reductions in plant species diversity and increases in atmospheric CO2 were investigated in a long-term study in nutrient-poor calcareous grassland. Throughout the experiment, soil nitrate was persistently increased at low plant species diversity, and CO2 enrichment reduced soil [NO3-] at all levels of plant species diversity. In our study, soil [NO3-] was unrelated to root length density, microbial biomass N, community legume contents, and experimental plant communities differed only little in total N pools. However, potential nitrification revealed exactly the same treatment effects as soil [NO3-], providing circumstantial evidence that nitrification rates drove the observed changes in [NO3-]. One possible explanation for plant diversity effects on nitrification lies in spatial and temporal interspecific differences in plant N uptake, which would more often allow accumulation of NH4+ in part of the soil profile at low diversity than in more species-rich plant communities. Consequently, nitrification rates and soil [NO3-] would increase. Elevated CO2 increased soil water contents, which may have improved NO3- diffusion to the root surface thereby reducing soil [NO3-]. Higher soil moisture at elevated CO2 might also reduce nitrification rates due to less aerobic conditions. The accordance of the diversity effect on soil [NO3-] with previous experiments suggests that increased soil [NO3-] at low species diversity is a fairly general phenomenon, although the mechanisms causing high [NO3-] may vary. In contrast, experimental evidence for effects of CO2 enrichment on soil [NO3-] is ambiguous, and the antagonistic interaction of plant species reductions and elevated CO2 we have observed is thus probably less universal.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s004420000612", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1009586", 
        "issn": [
          "0029-8549", 
          "1432-1939"
        ], 
        "name": "Oecologia", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "127"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "A link between plant diversity, elevated CO2 and soil nitrate", 
    "pagination": "540-548", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "678f0cef76119db86883737cbf42dc7b1d6e536795bd3cc5bdece73b954ba865"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "28547492"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0150372"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s004420000612"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1021735831"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420000612", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021735831"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T01:11", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8697_00000531.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs004420000612"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420000612'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420000612'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420000612'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004420000612'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

118 TRIPLES      20 PREDICATES      29 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420000612 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0602
3 schema:author Nc72e9a991d8241af99f44a29ba834c16
4 schema:datePublished 2001-05
5 schema:datePublishedReg 2001-05-01
6 schema:description Interactive effects of reductions in plant species diversity and increases in atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub> were investigated in a long-term study in nutrient-poor calcareous grassland. Throughout the experiment, soil nitrate was persistently increased at low plant species diversity, and CO<sub>2</sub> enrichment reduced soil [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>] at all levels of plant species diversity. In our study, soil [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>] was unrelated to root length density, microbial biomass N, community legume contents, and experimental plant communities differed only little in total N pools. However, potential nitrification revealed exactly the same treatment effects as soil [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>], providing circumstantial evidence that nitrification rates drove the observed changes in [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>]. One possible explanation for plant diversity effects on nitrification lies in spatial and temporal interspecific differences in plant N uptake, which would more often allow accumulation of NH<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup> in part of the soil profile at low diversity than in more species-rich plant communities. Consequently, nitrification rates and soil [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>] would increase. Elevated CO<sub>2</sub> increased soil water contents, which may have improved NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup> diffusion to the root surface thereby reducing soil [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>]. Higher soil moisture at elevated CO<sub>2</sub> might also reduce nitrification rates due to less aerobic conditions. The accordance of the diversity effect on soil [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>] with previous experiments suggests that increased soil [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>] at low species diversity is a fairly general phenomenon, although the mechanisms causing high [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>] may vary. In contrast, experimental evidence for effects of CO<sub>2</sub> enrichment on soil [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>] is ambiguous, and the antagonistic interaction of plant species reductions and elevated CO<sub>2</sub> we have observed is thus probably less universal.
7 schema:genre research_article
8 schema:inLanguage en
9 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
10 schema:isPartOf N432a5b544a624d26926b0b641c7d8717
11 N7d81ff99ed964c4199de6d7b1c04a152
12 sg:journal.1009586
13 schema:name A link between plant diversity, elevated CO2 and soil nitrate
14 schema:pagination 540-548
15 schema:productId N19d6cf4bcd6f491d92df88bb8b6a361e
16 N21f5cb495b5b40d5bd5d1a553fa84e1c
17 N3b2128e7ad02497ebed9966c778ce42b
18 N8550c5343f2f4205bf33f5b7ddb403f5
19 Nba8b51c7516f468ebf6c4bffc070ab44
20 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021735831
21 https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420000612
22 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T01:11
23 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
24 schema:sdPublisher N9997958720e646ca8a1bfb98293d1eff
25 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs004420000612
26 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
27 sgo:sdDataset articles
28 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
29 N10d3974e8806400b93dadeebb84b4a91 rdf:first sg:person.01123505433.16
30 rdf:rest N26af4e7b9bfa40d4aa585622758fdd38
31 N19d6cf4bcd6f491d92df88bb8b6a361e schema:name dimensions_id
32 schema:value pub.1021735831
33 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
34 N21f5cb495b5b40d5bd5d1a553fa84e1c schema:name pubmed_id
35 schema:value 28547492
36 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
37 N26af4e7b9bfa40d4aa585622758fdd38 rdf:first sg:person.010133002263.12
38 rdf:rest N5c452c9c3b6644fdb9f198ffd7096a78
39 N3b2128e7ad02497ebed9966c778ce42b schema:name nlm_unique_id
40 schema:value 0150372
41 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
42 N432a5b544a624d26926b0b641c7d8717 schema:issueNumber 4
43 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
44 N5c452c9c3b6644fdb9f198ffd7096a78 rdf:first sg:person.01006541102.67
45 rdf:rest Nfd2d9e25cf2141b98ca30d09d90c2ac8
46 N7d81ff99ed964c4199de6d7b1c04a152 schema:volumeNumber 127
47 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
48 N7d9fadd535624d5d8e9b6a5c9fc907c3 rdf:first sg:person.0664600627.74
49 rdf:rest rdf:nil
50 N8550c5343f2f4205bf33f5b7ddb403f5 schema:name doi
51 schema:value 10.1007/s004420000612
52 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
53 N9997958720e646ca8a1bfb98293d1eff schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
54 rdf:type schema:Organization
55 Nba8b51c7516f468ebf6c4bffc070ab44 schema:name readcube_id
56 schema:value 678f0cef76119db86883737cbf42dc7b1d6e536795bd3cc5bdece73b954ba865
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 Nc72e9a991d8241af99f44a29ba834c16 rdf:first sg:person.0746774530.58
59 rdf:rest N10d3974e8806400b93dadeebb84b4a91
60 Nfd2d9e25cf2141b98ca30d09d90c2ac8 rdf:first sg:person.014702025003.73
61 rdf:rest N7d9fadd535624d5d8e9b6a5c9fc907c3
62 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
63 schema:name Biological Sciences
64 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
65 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
66 schema:name Ecology
67 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
68 sg:journal.1009586 schema:issn 0029-8549
69 1432-1939
70 schema:name Oecologia
71 rdf:type schema:Periodical
72 sg:person.01006541102.67 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7400.3
73 schema:familyName Schmid
74 schema:givenName B.
75 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01006541102.67
76 rdf:type schema:Person
77 sg:person.010133002263.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5842.b
78 schema:familyName Leadley
79 schema:givenName P.W.
80 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010133002263.12
81 rdf:type schema:Person
82 sg:person.01123505433.16 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9464.f
83 schema:familyName Kandeler
84 schema:givenName E.
85 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01123505433.16
86 rdf:type schema:Person
87 sg:person.014702025003.73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425121.1
88 schema:familyName Tscherko
89 schema:givenName D.
90 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014702025003.73
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 sg:person.0664600627.74 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3
93 schema:familyName Körner
94 schema:givenName C.
95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664600627.74
96 rdf:type schema:Person
97 sg:person.0746774530.58 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3
98 schema:familyName Niklaus
99 schema:givenName Pascal A.
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0746774530.58
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425121.1 schema:alternateName Austrian Research Centre for Forests
103 schema:name Federal Office and Research Centre for Agriculture, Spargelfeldstrasse 191, 1226, Vienna, Austria
104 University of Hohenheim, 70599, Stuttgart, Germany
105 rdf:type schema:Organization
106 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5842.b schema:alternateName University of Paris-Sud
107 schema:name Ecologie des Populations et Communautés, URA CNRS 2154, Université Paris-Sud, 91405, Orsay Cedex, France
108 Institute of Botany, University of Basel, Schönbeinstrasse 6, 4056, Basel, Switzerland
109 rdf:type schema:Organization
110 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3 schema:alternateName University of Basel
111 schema:name Institute of Botany, University of Basel, Schönbeinstrasse 6, 4056, Basel, Switzerland
112 rdf:type schema:Organization
113 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7400.3 schema:alternateName University of Zurich
114 schema:name Institut für Umweltwissenschaften, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zürich, Switzerland
115 rdf:type schema:Organization
116 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9464.f schema:alternateName University of Hohenheim
117 schema:name University of Hohenheim, 70599, Stuttgart, Germany
118 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...