Conspecific cues, not starvation, mediate barren urchin response to predation risk View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-30

AUTHORS

Christopher J. Knight, Robert P. Dunn, Jeremy D. Long

ABSTRACT

Prey state and prey density mediate antipredator responses that can shift community structure and alter ecosystem processes. For example, well-nourished prey at low densities (i.e., prey with higher per capita predation risk) should respond strongly to predators. Although prey state and density often co-vary across habitats, it is unclear if prey responses to predator cues are habitat-specific. We used mesocosms to compare the habitat-specific responses of purple sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) to waterborne cues from predatory lobsters (Panulirus interruptus). We predicted that urchins from kelp forests (i.e., in well-nourished condition) tested at low densities typically observed in this habitat would respond more strongly to predation risk than barren urchins (i.e., in less nourished condition) tested at high densities typically observed in this habitat. Indeed, when tested at densities associated with respective habitats, urchins from forests, but not barrens, reduced kelp grazing by 69% when exposed to lobster risk cues. Barren urchins that were unresponsive to predator cues at natural, high densities suddenly responded strongly to lobster cues when conspecific densities were reduced. Strong responses of low densities of barren urchins persisted across feeding history (i.e. 0–64 days of starvation). This suggests that barren urchins can respond to predators but typically do not because of high conspecific densities. Because high densities of urchins in barrens should weaken the non-consumptive effects of lobsters, urchins in these habitats may continue to graze in the presence of predators thereby providing a feedback that maintains urchin barrens. More... »

PAGES

859-869

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1981-06. The role of behavioral responses to predators in modifying urchins' (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) destructive grazing and seasonal foraging patterns in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2011-10-30. Seasonal variation in the effects of food availability on gametogenesis in the purple urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2004-03. Group decision making in nest-site selection by honey bees in APIDOLOGIE
  • 2019-10-21. Marine heat wave and multiple stressors tip bull kelp forest to sea urchin barrens in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 1998-08. Mass spawning by the sea urchin Evechinus chloroticus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in a New Zealand fiord in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2002-02. The response of fishes to submerged aquatic vegetation complexity in two ecoregions of the mid-Atlantic bight: Buzzards Bay and Chesapeake Bay in ESTUARIES AND COASTS
  • 1989-03. Analysis of feeding preference experiments in OECOLOGIA
  • 2007-07-17. Conspecific density determines the magnitude and character of predator-induced phenotype in OECOLOGIA
  • 2015-08-03. Density-dependent adjustment of inducible defenses in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 1984-02. Effects of grazing by two species of sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus franciscanus and Lytechinus anamesus) on recruitment and survival of two species of kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera and Pterygophora californica) in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2004-04-27. Effects of Local Deforestation on the Diversity and Structure of Southern California Giant Kelp Forest Food Webs in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 2002-07. Quorum sensing, recruitment, and collective decision-making during colony emigration by the ant Leptothorax albipennis in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00442-022-05225-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-022-05225-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149869692

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35907124


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