Leaf litter quality affects aquatic insect emergence: contrasting patterns from two foundation trees View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-10

AUTHORS

Zacchaeus G. Compson, Kenneth J. Adams, Joeseph A. Edwards, Jesse M. Maestas, Thomas G. Whitham, Jane C. Marks

ABSTRACT

Reciprocal subsidies between rivers and terrestrial habitats are common where terrestrial leaf litter provides energy to aquatic invertebrates while emerging aquatic insects provide energy to terrestrial predators (e.g., birds, lizards, spiders). We examined how aquatic insect emergence changed seasonally with litter from two foundation riparian trees, whose litter often dominates riparian streams of the southwestern United States: Fremont (Populus fremontii) and narrowleaf (Populus angustifolia) cottonwood. P. fremontii litter is fast-decomposing and lower in defensive phytochemicals (i.e., condensed tannins, lignin) relative to P. angustifolia. We experimentally manipulated leaf litter from these two species by placing them in leaf enclosures with emergence traps attached in order to determine how leaf type influenced insect emergence. Contrary to our initial predictions, we found that packs with slow-decomposing leaves tended to support more emergent insects relative to packs with fast-decomposing leaves. Three findings emerged. Firstly, abundance (number of emerging insects m(-2) day(-1)) was 25% higher on narrowleaf compared to Fremont leaves for the spring but did not differ in the fall, demonstrating that leaf quality from two dominant trees of the same genus yielded different emergence patterns and that these patterns changed seasonally. Secondly, functional feeding groups of emerging insects differed between treatments and seasons. Specifically, in the spring collector-gatherer abundance and biomass were higher on narrowleaf leaves, whereas collector-filterer abundance and biomass were higher on Fremont leaves. Shredder abundance and biomass were higher on narrowleaf leaves in the fall. Thirdly, diversity (Shannon's H') was higher on Fremont leaves in the spring, but no differences were found in the fall, showing that fast-decomposing leaves can support a more diverse, complex emergent insect assemblage during certain times of the year. Collectively, these results challenge the notion that leaf quality is a simple function of decomposition, suggesting instead that aquatic insects benefit differentially from different leaf types, such that some use slow-decomposing litter for habitat and its temporal longevity and others utilize fast-decomposing litter with more immediate nutrient release. More... »

PAGES

507-519

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018260281

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23532583


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Ecology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Animals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Arizona", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Biota", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Food Chain", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Insecta", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Plant Leaves", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Populus", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Rivers", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Species Specificity", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Northern Arizona University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6", 
          "name": [
            "Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, 617 S. Beaver St., P. O. Box 5640, 86011-5640, Flagstaff, AZ, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Compson", 
        "givenName": "Zacchaeus G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0733666430.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0733666430.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Northern Arizona University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6", 
          "name": [
            "Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, 617 S. Beaver St., P. O. Box 5640, 86011-5640, Flagstaff, AZ, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Adams", 
        "givenName": "Kenneth J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0722323551.02", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0722323551.02"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Northern Arizona University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6", 
          "name": [
            "Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, 617 S. Beaver St., P. O. Box 5640, 86011-5640, Flagstaff, AZ, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Edwards", 
        "givenName": "Joeseph A.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Northern Arizona University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6", 
          "name": [
            "Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, 617 S. Beaver St., P. O. Box 5640, 86011-5640, Flagstaff, AZ, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Maestas", 
        "givenName": "Jesse M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01036552151.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01036552151.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Northern Arizona University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6", 
          "name": [
            "Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, 617 S. Beaver St., P. O. Box 5640, 86011-5640, Flagstaff, AZ, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Whitham", 
        "givenName": "Thomas G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01265164554.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01265164554.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Northern Arizona University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6", 
          "name": [
            "Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, 617 S. Beaver St., P. O. Box 5640, 86011-5640, Flagstaff, AZ, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Marks", 
        "givenName": "Jane C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01337606200.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01337606200.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1899/07-073.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000827248"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/05-0159", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001855400"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.femsre.2004.11.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001891836"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-002-1113-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002536164", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-002-1113-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/f80-017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002538309"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02740.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004280841"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-9993.2002.01208.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007506035"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00635.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008105188"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10021-005-0004-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009563934", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-005-0004-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10021-005-0004-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009563934", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-005-0004-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03962", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010552414", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03962"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03962", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010552414", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03962"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03962", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010552414", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03962"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[1860:rweeor]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010657419"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[1026:cosdfa]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010868668"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2006.01512.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011372093"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2006.01512.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011372093"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.17.110186.003031", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011481317"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[2164:porlse]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011799376"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2003.00562.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015588800"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2004.01328.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016857181"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2632(200107)86:4/5<383::aid-iroh383>3.0.co;2-d", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019185174"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1109769", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020735178"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/04-138", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022676357"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1974.tb00103.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026626188"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11284-006-0060-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028052746", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-006-0060-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1993.tb01947.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031972832"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1993.tb01947.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031972832"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00014278", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032295411", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00014278"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00014278", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032295411", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00014278"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1993.tb00744.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032957909"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02270.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033716369"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02270.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033716369"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/09-1236.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038084023"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01139.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038989113"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.98.1.166", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040144689"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10886-006-9141-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042729257", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-006-9141-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/b77-190", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045347692"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-008-1130-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046415482", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-008-1130-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-008-1130-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046415482", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-008-1130-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1991.tb00638.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046501789"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01240.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051630983"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050843", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051909640", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050843"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nrg1877", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052059904", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nrg1877"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nrg1877", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052059904", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nrg1877"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1899/06-113.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068727048"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1899/0887-3593(2006)25[209:fqafpo]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068727319"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1899/0887-3593(2006)25[209:fqafpo]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068727319"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1310259", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069432626"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1310804", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069433124"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1467277", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069503879"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1467483", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504069"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1468050", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504585"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1468170", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504696"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1468420", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504895"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1936780", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069660805"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1937686", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069661653"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1938287", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069662207"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1939200", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069663064"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1939274", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069663136"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1939884", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069663696"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2426503", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069929092"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2426510", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069929099"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2426584", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069929164"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/3672158", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070403963"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/5452", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070640924"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-10-01", 
    "description": "Reciprocal subsidies between rivers and terrestrial habitats are common where terrestrial leaf litter provides energy to aquatic invertebrates while emerging aquatic insects provide energy to terrestrial predators (e.g., birds, lizards, spiders). We examined how aquatic insect emergence changed seasonally with litter from two foundation riparian trees, whose litter often dominates riparian streams of the southwestern United States: Fremont (Populus fremontii) and narrowleaf (Populus angustifolia) cottonwood. P. fremontii litter is fast-decomposing and lower in defensive phytochemicals (i.e., condensed tannins, lignin) relative to P. angustifolia. We experimentally manipulated leaf litter from these two species by placing them in leaf enclosures with emergence traps attached in order to determine how leaf type influenced insect emergence. Contrary to our initial predictions, we found that packs with slow-decomposing leaves tended to support more emergent insects relative to packs with fast-decomposing leaves. Three findings emerged. Firstly, abundance (number of emerging insects m(-2) day(-1)) was 25% higher on narrowleaf compared to Fremont leaves for the spring but did not differ in the fall, demonstrating that leaf quality from two dominant trees of the same genus yielded different emergence patterns and that these patterns changed seasonally. Secondly, functional feeding groups of emerging insects differed between treatments and seasons. Specifically, in the spring collector-gatherer abundance and biomass were higher on narrowleaf leaves, whereas collector-filterer abundance and biomass were higher on Fremont leaves. Shredder abundance and biomass were higher on narrowleaf leaves in the fall. Thirdly, diversity (Shannon's H') was higher on Fremont leaves in the spring, but no differences were found in the fall, showing that fast-decomposing leaves can support a more diverse, complex emergent insect assemblage during certain times of the year. Collectively, these results challenge the notion that leaf quality is a simple function of decomposition, suggesting instead that aquatic insects benefit differentially from different leaf types, such that some use slow-decomposing litter for habitat and its temporal longevity and others utilize fast-decomposing litter with more immediate nutrient release.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3064301", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3127494", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3051030", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1009586", 
        "issn": [
          "0029-8549", 
          "1432-1939"
        ], 
        "name": "Oecologia", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "173"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Leaf litter quality affects aquatic insect emergence: contrasting patterns from two foundation trees", 
    "pagination": "507-519", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "5700acf0205f21ac0720b1e7261d1638dd843336771ecb98241ed370c63b8dd8"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "23532583"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0150372"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1018260281"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018260281"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T01:11", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8697_00000531.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00442-013-2643-6"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

322 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      94 URIs      30 LITERALS      18 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6 schema:about N2d3f075846b44d839f90620617df474a
2 N37e3b2162bfc46d4aeacf79455e50344
3 N49f52916d45e4f3480e465233ac2ba5c
4 N66955ad4db784f929b0cc3d5950e4d7c
5 N694498f056e64bac849ab4f5ddee37a1
6 N807bf89424ba43e3bc1e8788c060cfe4
7 N8dfc0fd977f34000bba0fc334c823011
8 Na007f3d09c1f4750a027980b7384217e
9 Nbd4ecdcf47b84ab5ab8a4f42afab13d8
10 anzsrc-for:06
11 anzsrc-for:0602
12 schema:author N63064176c72b410ba775521036db436a
13 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00014278
14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-002-1113-3
15 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-008-1130-y
16 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050843
17 sg:pub.10.1007/s10021-005-0004-y
18 sg:pub.10.1007/s10886-006-9141-9
19 sg:pub.10.1007/s11284-006-0060-6
20 sg:pub.10.1038/nature03962
21 sg:pub.10.1038/nrg1877
22 https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2632(200107)86:4/5<383::aid-iroh383>3.0.co;2-d
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.femsre.2004.11.005
24 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-9993.2002.01208.x
25 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.98.1.166
26 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1974.tb00103.x
27 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1993.tb00744.x
28 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2004.01328.x
29 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2006.01512.x
30 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02270.x
31 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02740.x
32 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01240.x
33 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2003.00562.x
34 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00635.x
35 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01139.x
36 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1993.tb01947.x
37 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1991.tb00638.x
38 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1109769
39 https://doi.org/10.1139/b77-190
40 https://doi.org/10.1139/f80-017
41 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.17.110186.003031
42 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[2164:porlse]2.0.co;2
43 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[1026:cosdfa]2.0.co;2
44 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[1860:rweeor]2.0.co;2
45 https://doi.org/10.1890/04-138
46 https://doi.org/10.1890/05-0159
47 https://doi.org/10.1890/09-1236.1
48 https://doi.org/10.1899/06-113.1
49 https://doi.org/10.1899/07-073.1
50 https://doi.org/10.1899/0887-3593(2006)25[209:fqafpo]2.0.co;2
51 https://doi.org/10.2307/1310259
52 https://doi.org/10.2307/1310804
53 https://doi.org/10.2307/1467277
54 https://doi.org/10.2307/1467483
55 https://doi.org/10.2307/1468050
56 https://doi.org/10.2307/1468170
57 https://doi.org/10.2307/1468420
58 https://doi.org/10.2307/1936780
59 https://doi.org/10.2307/1937686
60 https://doi.org/10.2307/1938287
61 https://doi.org/10.2307/1939200
62 https://doi.org/10.2307/1939274
63 https://doi.org/10.2307/1939884
64 https://doi.org/10.2307/2426503
65 https://doi.org/10.2307/2426510
66 https://doi.org/10.2307/2426584
67 https://doi.org/10.2307/3672158
68 https://doi.org/10.2307/5452
69 schema:datePublished 2013-10
70 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-10-01
71 schema:description Reciprocal subsidies between rivers and terrestrial habitats are common where terrestrial leaf litter provides energy to aquatic invertebrates while emerging aquatic insects provide energy to terrestrial predators (e.g., birds, lizards, spiders). We examined how aquatic insect emergence changed seasonally with litter from two foundation riparian trees, whose litter often dominates riparian streams of the southwestern United States: Fremont (Populus fremontii) and narrowleaf (Populus angustifolia) cottonwood. P. fremontii litter is fast-decomposing and lower in defensive phytochemicals (i.e., condensed tannins, lignin) relative to P. angustifolia. We experimentally manipulated leaf litter from these two species by placing them in leaf enclosures with emergence traps attached in order to determine how leaf type influenced insect emergence. Contrary to our initial predictions, we found that packs with slow-decomposing leaves tended to support more emergent insects relative to packs with fast-decomposing leaves. Three findings emerged. Firstly, abundance (number of emerging insects m(-2) day(-1)) was 25% higher on narrowleaf compared to Fremont leaves for the spring but did not differ in the fall, demonstrating that leaf quality from two dominant trees of the same genus yielded different emergence patterns and that these patterns changed seasonally. Secondly, functional feeding groups of emerging insects differed between treatments and seasons. Specifically, in the spring collector-gatherer abundance and biomass were higher on narrowleaf leaves, whereas collector-filterer abundance and biomass were higher on Fremont leaves. Shredder abundance and biomass were higher on narrowleaf leaves in the fall. Thirdly, diversity (Shannon's H') was higher on Fremont leaves in the spring, but no differences were found in the fall, showing that fast-decomposing leaves can support a more diverse, complex emergent insect assemblage during certain times of the year. Collectively, these results challenge the notion that leaf quality is a simple function of decomposition, suggesting instead that aquatic insects benefit differentially from different leaf types, such that some use slow-decomposing litter for habitat and its temporal longevity and others utilize fast-decomposing litter with more immediate nutrient release.
72 schema:genre research_article
73 schema:inLanguage en
74 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
75 schema:isPartOf N19d58221a9b2425589ab5ba21c9deee2
76 Nbb459b4339a5429dbb31c7b5c93da037
77 sg:journal.1009586
78 schema:name Leaf litter quality affects aquatic insect emergence: contrasting patterns from two foundation trees
79 schema:pagination 507-519
80 schema:productId N001c1ae65747491eb465da8c7157443e
81 N232e8071a1d348ed95c7658e177e5b4f
82 N485833da68644959b42712785b13e207
83 Na0ad5ce9657e4c079f4fa916efede8a8
84 Nb046bd10e6434db5910dd0b4a42395ba
85 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018260281
86 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6
87 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T01:11
88 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
89 schema:sdPublisher Nae4fb8c1fb92486da974767279d9fd91
90 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00442-013-2643-6
91 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
92 sgo:sdDataset articles
93 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
94 N001c1ae65747491eb465da8c7157443e schema:name nlm_unique_id
95 schema:value 0150372
96 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
97 N19d58221a9b2425589ab5ba21c9deee2 schema:volumeNumber 173
98 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
99 N232e8071a1d348ed95c7658e177e5b4f schema:name doi
100 schema:value 10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6
101 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
102 N2d3f075846b44d839f90620617df474a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
103 schema:name Arizona
104 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
105 N37e3b2162bfc46d4aeacf79455e50344 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
106 schema:name Insecta
107 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
108 N485833da68644959b42712785b13e207 schema:name readcube_id
109 schema:value 5700acf0205f21ac0720b1e7261d1638dd843336771ecb98241ed370c63b8dd8
110 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
111 N49f52916d45e4f3480e465233ac2ba5c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
112 schema:name Biota
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 N592d1a5e9473440cab8a07e58a21bf03 rdf:first N9fe9bf1c9b4d43ca9a320cafa699b47f
115 rdf:rest N72a8b54f4d01442f9f2b19d50297d569
116 N63064176c72b410ba775521036db436a rdf:first sg:person.0733666430.36
117 rdf:rest Ne39e20d0550e4a2fafec0da46567bf09
118 N66955ad4db784f929b0cc3d5950e4d7c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
119 schema:name Populus
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 N694498f056e64bac849ab4f5ddee37a1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
122 schema:name Rivers
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 N72a8b54f4d01442f9f2b19d50297d569 rdf:first sg:person.01036552151.04
125 rdf:rest Ned588f28381e4734a988134de4626edb
126 N807bf89424ba43e3bc1e8788c060cfe4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
127 schema:name Species Specificity
128 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
129 N8dfc0fd977f34000bba0fc334c823011 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
130 schema:name Animals
131 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
132 N9fe9bf1c9b4d43ca9a320cafa699b47f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6
133 schema:familyName Edwards
134 schema:givenName Joeseph A.
135 rdf:type schema:Person
136 Na007f3d09c1f4750a027980b7384217e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
137 schema:name Plant Leaves
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 Na0ad5ce9657e4c079f4fa916efede8a8 schema:name dimensions_id
140 schema:value pub.1018260281
141 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
142 Nae4fb8c1fb92486da974767279d9fd91 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
143 rdf:type schema:Organization
144 Nb046bd10e6434db5910dd0b4a42395ba schema:name pubmed_id
145 schema:value 23532583
146 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
147 Nbb459b4339a5429dbb31c7b5c93da037 schema:issueNumber 2
148 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
149 Nbd4ecdcf47b84ab5ab8a4f42afab13d8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
150 schema:name Food Chain
151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
152 Nbfbea88d1e1a4d809ab8fa2eb4a37dcb rdf:first sg:person.01337606200.73
153 rdf:rest rdf:nil
154 Ne39e20d0550e4a2fafec0da46567bf09 rdf:first sg:person.0722323551.02
155 rdf:rest N592d1a5e9473440cab8a07e58a21bf03
156 Ned588f28381e4734a988134de4626edb rdf:first sg:person.01265164554.32
157 rdf:rest Nbfbea88d1e1a4d809ab8fa2eb4a37dcb
158 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
159 schema:name Biological Sciences
160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
161 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
162 schema:name Ecology
163 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
164 sg:grant.3051030 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6
165 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
166 sg:grant.3064301 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6
167 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
168 sg:grant.3127494 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2643-6
169 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
170 sg:journal.1009586 schema:issn 0029-8549
171 1432-1939
172 schema:name Oecologia
173 rdf:type schema:Periodical
174 sg:person.01036552151.04 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6
175 schema:familyName Maestas
176 schema:givenName Jesse M.
177 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01036552151.04
178 rdf:type schema:Person
179 sg:person.01265164554.32 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6
180 schema:familyName Whitham
181 schema:givenName Thomas G.
182 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01265164554.32
183 rdf:type schema:Person
184 sg:person.01337606200.73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6
185 schema:familyName Marks
186 schema:givenName Jane C.
187 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01337606200.73
188 rdf:type schema:Person
189 sg:person.0722323551.02 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6
190 schema:familyName Adams
191 schema:givenName Kenneth J.
192 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0722323551.02
193 rdf:type schema:Person
194 sg:person.0733666430.36 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6
195 schema:familyName Compson
196 schema:givenName Zacchaeus G.
197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0733666430.36
198 rdf:type schema:Person
199 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00014278 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032295411
200 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00014278
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-002-1113-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002536164
203 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-002-1113-3
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-008-1130-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046415482
206 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-008-1130-y
207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
208 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050843 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051909640
209 https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050843
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 sg:pub.10.1007/s10021-005-0004-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009563934
212 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-005-0004-y
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 sg:pub.10.1007/s10886-006-9141-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042729257
215 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-006-9141-9
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 sg:pub.10.1007/s11284-006-0060-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028052746
218 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-006-0060-6
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 sg:pub.10.1038/nature03962 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010552414
221 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03962
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 sg:pub.10.1038/nrg1877 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052059904
224 https://doi.org/10.1038/nrg1877
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2632(200107)86:4/5<383::aid-iroh383>3.0.co;2-d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019185174
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.femsre.2004.11.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001891836
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-9993.2002.01208.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007506035
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.98.1.166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040144689
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1974.tb00103.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026626188
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1993.tb00744.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032957909
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2004.01328.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016857181
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2006.01512.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011372093
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02270.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033716369
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02740.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004280841
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01240.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051630983
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2003.00562.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015588800
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00635.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008105188
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01139.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038989113
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1993.tb01947.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031972832
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1991.tb00638.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046501789
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1109769 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020735178
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1139/b77-190 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045347692
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1139/f80-017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002538309
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.17.110186.003031 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011481317
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[2164:porlse]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011799376
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[1026:cosdfa]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010868668
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[1860:rweeor]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010657419
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.1890/04-138 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022676357
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.1890/05-0159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001855400
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.1890/09-1236.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038084023
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.1899/06-113.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068727048
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.1899/07-073.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000827248
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.1899/0887-3593(2006)25[209:fqafpo]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068727319
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.2307/1310259 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069432626
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.2307/1310804 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069433124
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.2307/1467277 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069503879
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://doi.org/10.2307/1467483 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504069
291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
292 https://doi.org/10.2307/1468050 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504585
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 https://doi.org/10.2307/1468170 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504696
295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
296 https://doi.org/10.2307/1468420 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504895
297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
298 https://doi.org/10.2307/1936780 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069660805
299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
300 https://doi.org/10.2307/1937686 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069661653
301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
302 https://doi.org/10.2307/1938287 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069662207
303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
304 https://doi.org/10.2307/1939200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069663064
305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
306 https://doi.org/10.2307/1939274 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069663136
307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
308 https://doi.org/10.2307/1939884 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069663696
309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
310 https://doi.org/10.2307/2426503 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069929092
311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
312 https://doi.org/10.2307/2426510 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069929099
313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
314 https://doi.org/10.2307/2426584 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069929164
315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
316 https://doi.org/10.2307/3672158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070403963
317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
318 https://doi.org/10.2307/5452 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070640924
319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
320 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6 schema:alternateName Northern Arizona University
321 schema:name Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, 617 S. Beaver St., P. O. Box 5640, 86011-5640, Flagstaff, AZ, USA
322 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...