The carbon charging of pines at the climatic treeline: a global comparison View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2003-01-21

AUTHORS

Günter Hoch, Christian Körner

ABSTRACT

The carbon charging of pines across the treeline ecotone of three different climatic zones (Mexico 19°N Pinus hartwegii, Swiss Alps 46°N P. cembra and northern Sweden 68°N P. sylvestris) was analyzed, to test whether a low-temperature-driven carbon shortage can explain high-elevation tree limits, and whether the length of the growing season affects the trees' carbon balance. We quantified the concentrations of non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) and lipids (acylglycerols) in all tree organs at three dates during the growing seasons across elevational transects from the upper end of the closed, tall forest (timberline) to the uppermost location where groups of trees ≥3 m in height occur (treeline). Mean ground temperatures during the growing season at the treelines were similar (6.1±0.7°C) irrespective of latitude. Across the individual transects, the concentrations of NSC and lipids increased with elevation in all organs. By the end of the growing season, all three species had very similar total mobile carbon (TMC) concentrations at the treeline (ca. 6% TMC in the aboveground dry biomass), suggesting no influence of the length of the growing season on tree carbon charging. At a temperate lowland reference site P. sylvestris reached only ca. 4% TMC in the aboveground dry biomass, with the 2% difference largely explained by higher lipid concentrations of treeline pines. We conclude that carbon availability is unlikely to be the cause of the altitudinal tree limit. It seems rather that low temperatures directly affect sink activity at the treeline, with surplus carbon stored in osmotically inactive compounds. More... »

PAGES

10-21

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2002-03-13. Source/sink removal affects mobile carbohydrates in Pinus cembra at the Swiss treeline in TREES
  • 1992-06. Food reserves of scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in TREES
  • 1959-03. Die Stoffproduktion der Zirbe (Pinus cembra L.) an der Waldgrenze während eines Jahres in PLANTA
  • 1996-04. Timberline and alpine vegetation on the tropical and warm-temperate oceanic islands of the world: elevation, structure and floristics in PLANT ECOLOGY
  • 1979. Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline, Tree Existence at High Altitudes with Special Reference to the European Alps in NONE
  • 1998-07. A re-assessment of high elevation treeline positions and their explanation in OECOLOGIA
  • 1996. Carbon and water balance in in TREES
  • 1959-03. Die Stoffproduktion der zirbe (Pinus cembra L.) an der Waldgrenze während eines Jahres in PLANTA
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00442-002-1154-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-002-1154-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008528449

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12647099


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