Variation in nectar robbing over time, space, and species View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-12

AUTHORS

Rebecca E. Irwin, Joan E. Maloof

ABSTRACT

Spatiotemporal variation in the interactions among plants and animals is widespread; yet our conceptual and empirical understanding of this variation is limited to a few types of visitors, mainly herbivores, pollinators, seed predators, and seed dispersers. Despite the ubiquity of nectar robbing and the strength of its effects on plant fitness, we know relatively little about the magnitude and intensity of spatial and temporal variation in interactions among plants and nectar robbers. The purpose of the present study was to quantify spatial and temporal variation in the interactions between a nectar-robbing bumblebee and its host plants. In the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, USA, over 7 years, and multiple locations, we measured levels of nectar robbing by the bumblebee Bombus occidentalis and its interactions with four different host plants, Delphinium nuttallianum (Ranunculaceae), Ipomopsis aggregata (Polemoniaceae), Corydalis caseana (Fumariaceae), and Linaria vulgaris (Scrophulariaceae). Significant variation was found in the robbing rates experienced by different species. Within species, there was variation in robbing rates on an annual basis, on a seasonal basis, among different sites, and within sites. This variation may have important consequences with respect to the population dynamics of host plants as well as selection on floral and flowering traits. Electronic supplementary material is available if you access this article at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-002-1060-z. On that page (frame on the left side), a link takes you directly to the supplementary materials. More... »

PAGES

525-533

Journal

TITLE

Oecologia

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

133

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00442-002-1060-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-002-1060-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043519590

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28466170


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