CpG oligonucleotide-mediated co-stimulation of mouse invariant natural killer T cells negatively regulates their activation status View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-09

AUTHORS

Raveendra R. Kulkarni, Alexander Ian Villanueva, Leah R. Read, Jennifer T. Brisbin, Siddhartha Kumar Bhaumik, Jonathan LaMarre, Kaja Murali-Krishna, Shayan Sharif

ABSTRACT

Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells play important roles in antimicrobial defense and immune-regulation. We have previously shown that iNKT cells express certain toll-like receptors (TLR), and that TLR co-stimulation of iNKT cells in the presence of suboptimal concentrations of T cell receptor (TCR) agonists enhances cellular activation. In the present study, we investigated the regulatory effects of CpG oligonucleotides in mouse primary hepatic and splenic iNKT cells and in DN32.D3 iNKT cells. We show that CpG treatment of iNKT cells in the presence of higher concentrations of TCR agonists (α-GalCer or anti-CD3 mAb) results in the up-regulation of TLR9 in iNKT cells with a concurrent reduction in their cellular activation, as assessed by their production of IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-γ compared with controls. CpG-mediated down-regulation of iNKT cell activation has been found to depend, at least in part, on signaling by MyD88, a critical adapter moiety downstream of TLR9 signaling. Mechanistically, iNKT cells treated with CpG in the presence of TCR agonists show inhibition of MAPK signaling as determined by the levels of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPKs. Furthermore, CpG treatment leads to an increased induction of phosphatases, DUSP1 and SHP-1, that seem to impede MAPK and TCR signaling, resulting in the negative regulation of iNKT cell activation. Our findings therefore suggest a novel regulatory role for CpG in iNKT cells in the mediation of a negative feedback mechanism to control overactive iNKT cell responses and hence to avoid undesirable excessive immunopathology. More... »

PAGES

541-554

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00441-017-2631-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-017-2631-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085605032

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28550425


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