New GJA8 variants and phenotypes highlight its critical role in a broad spectrum of eye anomalies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-02-20

AUTHORS

Fabiola Ceroni, Domingo Aguilera-Garcia, Nicolas Chassaing, Dorine Arjanne Bax, Fiona Blanco-Kelly, Patricia Ramos, Maria Tarilonte, Cristina Villaverde, Luciana Rodrigues Jacy da Silva, Maria Juliana Ballesta-Martínez, Maria Jose Sanchez-Soler, Richard James Holt, Lisa Cooper-Charles, Jonathan Bruty, Yvonne Wallis, Dominic McMullan, Jonathan Hoffman, David Bunyan, Alison Stewart, Helen Stewart, Katherine Lachlan, DDD Study, Alan Fryer, Victoria McKay, Joëlle Roume, Pascal Dureau, Anand Saggar, Michael Griffiths, Patrick Calvas, Carmen Ayuso, Marta Corton, Nicola K Ragge

ABSTRACT

GJA8 encodes connexin 50 (Cx50), a transmembrane protein involved in the formation of lens gap junctions. GJA8 mutations have been linked to early onset cataracts in humans and animal models. In mice, missense mutations and homozygous Gja8 deletions lead to smaller lenses and microphthalmia in addition to cataract, suggesting that Gja8 may play a role in both lens development and ocular growth. Following screening of GJA8 in a cohort of 426 individuals with severe congenital eye anomalies, primarily anophthalmia, microphthalmia and coloboma, we identified four known [p.(Thr39Arg), p.(Trp45Leu), p.(Asp51Asn), and p.(Gly94Arg)] and two novel [p.(Phe70Leu) and p.(Val97Gly)] likely pathogenic variants in seven families. Five of these co-segregated with cataracts and microphthalmia, whereas the variant p.(Gly94Arg) was identified in an individual with congenital aphakia, sclerocornea, microphthalmia and coloboma. Four missense variants of unknown or unlikely clinical significance were also identified. Furthermore, the screening of GJA8 structural variants in a subgroup of 188 individuals identified heterozygous 1q21 microdeletions in five families with coloboma and other ocular and/or extraocular findings. However, the exact genotype–phenotype correlation of these structural variants remains to be established. Our data expand the spectrum of GJA8 variants and associated phenotypes, confirming the importance of this gene in early eye development. More... »

PAGES

1027-1042

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Human Genetics

    ISSUE

    8-9

    VOLUME

    138

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00439-018-1875-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00439-018-1875-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101110918

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29464339


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