A gene graveyard in the genome of the fungus Podospora comata View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Philippe Silar, Jean-Marc Dauget, Valérie Gautier, Pierre Grognet, Michelle Chablat, Sylvie Hermann-Le Denmat, Arnaud Couloux, Patrick Wincker, Robert Debuchy

ABSTRACT

Mechanisms involved in fine adaptation of fungi to their environment include differential gene regulation associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms and indels (including transposons), horizontal gene transfer, gene copy amplification, as well as pseudogenization and gene loss. The two Podospora genome sequences examined here emphasize the role of pseudogenization and gene loss, which have rarely been documented in fungi. Podospora comata is a species closely related to Podospora anserina, a fungus used as model in several laboratories. Comparison of the genome of P. comata with that of P. anserina, whose genome is available for over 10 years, should yield interesting data related to the modalities of genome evolution between these two closely related fungal species that thrive in the same types of biotopes, i.e., herbivore dung. Here, we present the genome sequence of the mat + isolate of the P. comata reference strain T. Comparison with the genome of the mat + isolate of P. anserina strain S confirms that P. anserina and P. comata are likely two different species that rarely interbreed in nature. Despite having a 94-99% of nucleotide identity in the syntenic regions of their genomes, the two species differ by nearly 10% of their gene contents. Comparison of the species-specific gene sets uncovered genes that could be responsible for the known physiological differences between the two species. Finally, we identified 428 and 811 pseudogenes (3.8 and 7.2% of the genes) in P. anserina and P. comata, respectively. Presence of high numbers of pseudogenes supports the notion that difference in gene contents is due to gene loss rather than horizontal gene transfers. We propose that the high frequency of pseudogenization leading to gene loss in P. anserina and P. comata accompanies specialization of these two fungi. Gene loss may be more prevalent during the evolution of other fungi than usually thought. More... »

PAGES

1-14

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00438-018-1497-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00438-018-1497-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107410950

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30288581


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