Cryptosporidium spp. in wild murids (Rodentia) from Corsica, France View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-11-24

AUTHORS

Katherine García-Livia, Ángela Fernández-Álvarez, Carlos Feliu, Jordi Miquel, Yann Quilichini, Pilar Foronda

ABSTRACT

Cryptosporidium spp. are worldwide protozoan parasites that can affect to a broad range of vertebrate hosts, including rodents. In the island of Corsica (France), there are no previous data about these protozoa infecting wild rodents. To estimate the distribution and occurrence, a total of 117 wild murine rodents of the species Rattus rattus (84), Mus musculus domesticus (21), Apodemus sylvaticus (11), and Rattus norvegicus (1) were captured in 24 different biotopes. Fecal samples were screened for Cryptosporidium spp. by nested PCR to amplify an 830 bp fragment of the 18S rRNA gene. As general occurrence, 15.4% of the rodents analyzed were positive for Cryptosporidium spp., being detected widely distributed along the island in R. rattus (17.6%) and M. m. domesticus (14.3%). Cryptosporidium viatorum, Cryptosporidium sp. rat genotype II, and Cryptosporidium sp. rat genotype III were successfully identified in R. rattus. The results herein reported provide the first data on Cryptosporidium spp. in wild murine species from a Mediterranean island and constitute the first report of the zoonotic species C. viatorum in R. rattus. Although a low occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. in murids was obtained and only in one animal the zoonotic species C. viatorum was identified, our results highlight that wild murine rodents from Corsica could mediate in the maintenance and transmission of this protozoan to the environment and other hosts including humans and animals. Further studies are required to better understand the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium spp. in wild rodents from Corsica and their possible public health repercussions. More... »

PAGES

345-354

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2013-09-13. Taxonomy and Molecular Taxonomy in CRYPTOSPORIDIUM: PARASITE AND DISEASE
  • 2013-09-14. Cryptosporidiosis in Other Vertebrates in CRYPTOSPORIDIUM: PARASITE AND DISEASE
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  • 2019-09-14. Cryptosporidium infections in terrestrial ungulates with focus on livestock: a systematic review and meta-analysis in PARASITES & VECTORS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00436-021-07369-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-021-07369-4

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

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    26 schema:description Cryptosporidium spp. are worldwide protozoan parasites that can affect to a broad range of vertebrate hosts, including rodents. In the island of Corsica (France), there are no previous data about these protozoa infecting wild rodents. To estimate the distribution and occurrence, a total of 117 wild murine rodents of the species Rattus rattus (84), Mus musculus domesticus (21), Apodemus sylvaticus (11), and Rattus norvegicus (1) were captured in 24 different biotopes. Fecal samples were screened for Cryptosporidium spp. by nested PCR to amplify an 830 bp fragment of the 18S rRNA gene. As general occurrence, 15.4% of the rodents analyzed were positive for Cryptosporidium spp., being detected widely distributed along the island in R. rattus (17.6%) and M. m. domesticus (14.3%). Cryptosporidium viatorum, Cryptosporidium sp. rat genotype II, and Cryptosporidium sp. rat genotype III were successfully identified in R. rattus. The results herein reported provide the first data on Cryptosporidium spp. in wild murine species from a Mediterranean island and constitute the first report of the zoonotic species C. viatorum in R. rattus. Although a low occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. in murids was obtained and only in one animal the zoonotic species C. viatorum was identified, our results highlight that wild murine rodents from Corsica could mediate in the maintenance and transmission of this protozoan to the environment and other hosts including humans and animals. Further studies are required to better understand the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium spp. in wild rodents from Corsica and their possible public health repercussions.
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    36 Cryptosporidium sp
    37 Cryptosporidium spp
    38 Cryptosporidium viatorum
    39 France
    40 Further studies
    41 Mediterranean islands
    42 Mus musculus domesticus
    43 PCR
    44 R. rattus
    45 Rattus
    46 Rattus rattus
    47 animals
    48 biotopes
    49 bp fragment
    50 broad range
    51 data
    52 different biotopes
    53 distribution
    54 domesticus
    55 environment
    56 epidemiology
    57 fecal samples
    58 first data
    59 first report
    60 fragments
    61 general occurrence
    62 genes
    63 genotype II
    64 genotype III
    65 health repercussions
    66 host
    67 humans
    68 island of Corsica
    69 islands
    70 low occurrence
    71 maintenance
    72 murids
    73 murine rodents
    74 murine species
    75 occurrence
    76 parasites
    77 previous data
    78 protozoa
    79 protozoan parasite
    80 public health repercussions
    81 rRNA gene
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