Vector-borne pathogens in dogs of different regions of Iran and Pakistan View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-01-28

AUTHORS

Roberta Iatta, Alireza Sazmand, Viet-Linh Nguyen, Farzad Nemati, Muhammad Mazhar Ayaz, Zahra Bahiraei, Salman Zafari, Anna Giannico, Grazia Greco, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Domenico Otranto

ABSTRACT

Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are highly prevalent in tropical and subtropical countries, mainly due to favorable climate conditions and reduced adoption of preventive measures. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive overview on the prevalence of CVBDs in Iran and Pakistan where limited data are available. Blood samples were collected from 403 dogs from six provinces in Iran and Pakistan to assess the presence of pathogen DNA (i.e., Anaplasma spp., Coxiella burnetii, Ehrlichia spp., Rickettsia spp., Babesia spp., Hepatozoon spp., filarioids, and Leishmania spp.). Sera were also screened by an immunofluorescence antibody test for the detection of antibodies against Leishmania infantum. In total, 46.9% of dogs scored positive to Hepatozoon canis being the most frequently detected (41.4%), followed by Anaplasma platys (6.4%), Ehrlichia canis (3.4%), Rickettsia spp. (2.2%), Babesia vogeli (1.0%), and L. infantum (0.3%). A seroprevalence of 9.6% to anti-L. infantum IgG was also recorded. Data reported herein demonstrate that dogs from Iran and Pakistan are at a high risk of CVBDs, particularly of canine hepatozoonosis. Effective control strategies are advocated for minimizing the risk of infection in animals and humans, also in consideration of the zoonotic potential of some pathogens detected. More... »

PAGES

4219-4228

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00436-020-06992-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-020-06992-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1134918237

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33506332


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