In vitro anthelmintic effects of Bridelia ferruginea, Combretum glutinosum, and Mitragyna inermis leaf extracts on Haemonchus contortus, an abomasal nematode ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

G. G. Alowanou, P. A. Olounladé, G. C. Akouèdegni, A. M. L. Faihun, D. O. Koudandé, S. Hounzangbé-Adoté

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal nematodes remain a major constraint on the health, welfare, and production of small ruminants. This study was conducted to evaluate three plant extracts (from Bridelia ferruginea, Combretum glutinosum, and Mitragyna inermis) as effective remedies against gastrointestinal parasites of small ruminants. Phytochemical screening was conducted on the plant leaves, and the potential anthelmintic properties of these plants were tested in vitro on Haemonchus contortus using the egg hatch, larval migration, and adult worm motility assays. The phytochemical screening of the leaves revealed the presence of several bioactive components in all the plants. The number of eggs that hatched was reduced in a concentration-dependent manner (p < 0.01) upon treatment with the methanol extract of B. ferruginea and the acetone extracts of C. glutinosum and M. inermis. The inhibitory effect of the acetone extract of B. ferruginea and the methanol extracts of C. glutinosum and M. inermis was not concentration-dependent (p > 0.05). There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) in the reduction in larval migration between the lowest concentrations (75 to 150 μg/mL) and the highest concentrations (300 to 1200 μg/mL) of plant extracts. The ability of plant extracts to affect the mobility of the adult worms was not concentration-dependent (p > 0.05); however, it was dependent on the time of incubation (p < 0.01). At the highest concentration (2400 μg/mL), all adult worms were motionless after 24 h of exposure, while at the lowest concentration (< 150 μg/mL), this occurred after 48 h of exposure. M. inermis and C. glutinosum extracts were more effective than B. ferruginea extracts (p < 0.05). Overall, these results suggest that these plants used by small-scale farmers possess antiparasitic properties useful for helminthiasis control. However, the effects of the plants remain to be confirmed via in vivo assays and toxicity tests in further studies. More... »

PAGES

1215-1223

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00436-019-06262-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-019-06262-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112607721

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30848351


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