Myxobolus linzhiensis n. sp. (Myxozoa: Myxobolidae) from the gill filament of Schizothorax oconnori Lloyd (Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae) in Tibet, China: morphological ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-09-27

AUTHORS

Peng Li, Bing-Wen Xi, Xin Zhao, Jun Xie

ABSTRACT

In this report, a new myxosporean species, Myxobolus linzhiensis n. sp. (Cnidaria: Myxozoa: Bivalvulida), was described from the endemic cyprinid Schizothorax oconnori inhabiting the Yarlung Tsangpo River in the Tibetan plateau, China. The whitish ellipsoidal plasmodia of M. linzhiensis n. sp. grew under the epithelium of gill filaments, 1.7-mm long and 0.4-mm wide, and were found in the 3 of 8 examined S. oconnori (37.5%). Mature spores appeared suborbicular in frontal view, fusiform shaped in lateral view with tapering anterior, measuring 11.4 ± 0.7 (10.1–13.0) μm in length, 10.6 ± 0.4 (10.0–11.3) μm in width, and 6.6 ± 0.3 (6.2–7.0) μm in thickness. Two equal polar capsules were pyriform with an apophysis at its top end, measuring 5.7 ± 0.5 (4.8–6.7) μm in length, 3.8 ± 0.2 (3.2–4.2) μm in width, and polar filaments coiled 4 turns. Spore valves were symmetrical, and sutural ridge was straight and thin, running near the middle of the valves. Although Myxobolus linzhiensis n. sp. showed similar morphological characteristics with Myxobolus chushi Dar Kaur & Chishti 2017 from Schizothorax niger, Myxobolus kienweiensis Ma, 1976 from Schizothorax davidi, the new myxosporean was distinguished with them in spore shape, polar filament, and host-tissue tropism. Homology search by BLAST in GenBank indicated that the obtained 18S rDNA sequence of M. linzhiensis n. sp. (KY965935) did not match any available myxozoan sequence, most similar to Henneguya zikaweiensis, and showing less than 93% sequence similarity. Phylogenetical analyses demonstrated that M. linzhiensis n. sp. was firmly clustered in the clade consisting of myxosporeans Thelohanellus, Myxobolus, Henneguya from Asian cyprinids. This study is the first report on myxosporean parasitizing in endemic fish in the Tibetan Plateau, China. More... »

PAGES

3097-3103

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-05-29. Myxobolus turpisrotundus (Myxosporea: Bivalvulida) spores with caudal appendages: investigating the validity of the genus Henneguya with morphological and molecular evidence in PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
  • 2016-10-19. Morphological and ultrastructural characteristics of Myxobolus ridibundae n. sp. (Myxosporea: Bivalvulida) infecting the testicular tissue of the marsh frog Rana ridibunda (Amphibia: Ranidae) in Egypt in PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
  • 2016-10-25. Morphological and molecular characterisation of Myxobolus pronini n. sp. (Myxozoa: Myxobolidae) from the abdominal cavity and visceral serous membranes of the gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch) in Russia and China in PARASITES & VECTORS
  • 2005-05. Synopsis of the species of Myxobolus Bütschli, 1882 (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) in SYSTEMATIC PARASITOLOGY
  • 2015. Myxozoan Evolution, Ecology and Development in NONE
  • 2015-12-21. Supplemental description and molecular characterization of Myxobolus miyarii Kudo, 1919 (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) infecting intestine of Amur catfish (Silurus asotus) in PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
  • 2016-07-18. Phylogeography and population genetics of Schizothorax o’connori: strong subdivision in the Yarlung Tsangpo River inferred from mtDNA and microsatellite markers in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2015-05-09. First record of Chilodonella piscicola (Ciliophora: Chilodonellidae) from two endangered fishes, Schizothorax o’connori and Oxygymnocypris stewartii in Tibet in PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
  • 2015-04-02. Approaches for Characterising Myxozoan Species in MYXOZOAN EVOLUTION, ECOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT
  • 2016-05-25. Morphological and molecular characterization of Myxobolus sheyangensis n. sp. (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) with intralamellar sporulation in allogynogenetic gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch) in China in PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
  • 2011-05-26. Redescription and molecular analysis of Myxobolus shantungensis Hu, 1965 (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) infecting common carp Cyprinus carpio haematopterus in PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
  • 2002-05. Synopsis of the species of the genus Henneguya Thélohan, 1892 (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Myxobolidae in SYSTEMATIC PARASITOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00436-017-5621-9

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-017-5621-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091926066

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28956158


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    34 schema:description In this report, a new myxosporean species, Myxobolus linzhiensis n. sp. (Cnidaria: Myxozoa: Bivalvulida), was described from the endemic cyprinid Schizothorax oconnori inhabiting the Yarlung Tsangpo River in the Tibetan plateau, China. The whitish ellipsoidal plasmodia of M. linzhiensis n. sp. grew under the epithelium of gill filaments, 1.7-mm long and 0.4-mm wide, and were found in the 3 of 8 examined S. oconnori (37.5%). Mature spores appeared suborbicular in frontal view, fusiform shaped in lateral view with tapering anterior, measuring 11.4 ± 0.7 (10.1–13.0) μm in length, 10.6 ± 0.4 (10.0–11.3) μm in width, and 6.6 ± 0.3 (6.2–7.0) μm in thickness. Two equal polar capsules were pyriform with an apophysis at its top end, measuring 5.7 ± 0.5 (4.8–6.7) μm in length, 3.8 ± 0.2 (3.2–4.2) μm in width, and polar filaments coiled 4 turns. Spore valves were symmetrical, and sutural ridge was straight and thin, running near the middle of the valves. Although Myxobolus linzhiensis n. sp. showed similar morphological characteristics with Myxobolus chushi Dar Kaur & Chishti 2017 from Schizothorax niger, Myxobolus kienweiensis Ma, 1976 from Schizothorax davidi, the new myxosporean was distinguished with them in spore shape, polar filament, and host-tissue tropism. Homology search by BLAST in GenBank indicated that the obtained 18S rDNA sequence of M. linzhiensis n. sp. (KY965935) did not match any available myxozoan sequence, most similar to Henneguya zikaweiensis, and showing less than 93% sequence similarity. Phylogenetical analyses demonstrated that M. linzhiensis n. sp. was firmly clustered in the clade consisting of myxosporeans Thelohanellus, Myxobolus, Henneguya from Asian cyprinids. This study is the first report on myxosporean parasitizing in endemic fish in the Tibetan Plateau, China.
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    81 length
    82 mature spores
    83 middle
    84 molecular characterization
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