Schistosoma japonicum-infected hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) used as a model in experimental chemotherapy with praziquantel, artemether, and OZ compounds View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-02

AUTHORS

Shu-hua Xiao, Jing-yan Mei, Pei-ying Jiao

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study is to better understand the antischistosomal properties of artemether, praziquantel, and ozonide (OZ) compounds (synthetic trioxolanes, secondary ozonides) in hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) model. A total of 230 male hamsters infected each with 100 Schistosoma japonicum cercariae were used in the study. Groups of five to ten hamsters were treated orally with artemether, praziquantel, and OZ78 or OZ277 7-35 days post-infection at single doses of 50, 100, 150, or 200 mg/kg. Untreated but infected hamsters in each batch of test served as the control. All treated hamsters were sacrificed 4 weeks post-treatment for collection of residual worms using perfusion technique. Nonparametric method (Mann-Whitney test) was used to analyze the data. In groups of five hamsters treated with artemether 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days post-infection at single doses of 150 and 200 mg/kg, the difference of mean worm burden between each treated group and control group was statistically significant (P<0.01). Apart from individual group, no difference in mean worm burden between each two groups of them was seen (P>0.05). Further test with various single doses of 50-200 mg/kg confirmed the similar susceptibility of 7-day-old juvenile and 35-day-old adult schistosomes to artemether. After administration of praziquantel 100 mg/kg to groups of five hamsters 7, 21, and 35 days post-infection, higher worm burden reduction of 95.5% was seen in the group with 35-day-old adult schistosomes while in the groups with 7- and 21-day-old juvenile schistosomes, poor efficacy was seen with mean worm burden reductions of 36.6% and 35.6%. In the same batch of hamster treated with praziquantel 200 mg/kg, the moderate effect of the drug against 7- and 21-day-old worms was seen, but their mean worm burden was significantly higher than that of the group with adult schistosomes. In comparison of artemether and praziquantel against various stages of schistosomes, the results further demonstrated that artemether possessed similar effect against juvenile and adult schistosomes in hamsters, while praziquantel was more effective against adult schistosomes than the juvenile ones in the same host. Finally, after administration of OZ78 and OZ277 to the groups of four to six hamsters with 14- and 35-day-old schistosomes at a single dose of 200 mg/kg, promising effect against juvenile and adult schistosome was observed with the mean worm burden and female worm burden reductions of 69.6-94.2% and 64.2-100% as well as 73.3-80.7% and 68.3-81.1%, respectively. The results indicate that in hamster model, praziquantel exhibits higher effect against adult schistosomes than the juvenile ones, while artemether and OZ compound display similar effect against both juvenile and adult schistosomes. More... »

PAGES

431-437

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00436-010-2084-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-010-2084-7

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014940558

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20922422


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