Calpain system protein expression and activity in ovarian cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Siwei Zhang, Suha Deen, Sarah J. Storr, Panagiota S. Chondrou, Holly Nicholls, Anqi Yao, Ployphailin Rungsakaolert, Stewart G. Martin

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Expression of members of the calpain system are associated with clinical outcome of patients with, amongst others, breast and ovarian cancers, with calpain-2 expression in ovarian cancer being implicated in chemo-resistance and survival. This study aimed, using a large patient cohort and in vitro models, to verify its importance and further investigate the role in ovarian cancer chemoresponse. METHODS: Calpain-1, calpain-2, calpain-4 and calpastatin expression were evaluated in primary ovarian carcinomas (n = 575) by immunohistochemistry. Protein expression was assessed, via western blotting, in five ovarian cancer cell lines with various sensitivities towards cisplatin/carboplatin. In vitro calpain activity was inhibited by calpeptin treatment to assess changes in platinum sensitivity by proliferation assay, with expression of genes associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition being examined by RT2 Profiler™ PCR Array. RESULTS: The current study confirmed previous data that high calpain-2 expression is associated with poor overall survival (P = 0.026) and that calpain-1 was not associated with overall survival or progression-free survival. Low expression of calpastatin (P = 0.010) and calpain-4 (P = 0.003) were also associated with adverse survival. Such prognostic associations do not seem to be linked with altered tumour sensitivity towards platinum-based chemotherapy. Interestingly, low calpain-1 expression was more frequent in patients with confined tumours (stage 1) (χ2 = 11.310, df = 1, P = 0.001). Calpain and calpastatin expression varied among ovarian cancer cell lines yet their expression levels were similar between chemo-sensitive cells and resistant counterparts. Moreover, calpeptin treatment did not alter cellular response to platinum-based chemotherapy or epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: The conventional calpains and calpastatin have been confirmed to play an important role in ovarian cancer; however, the precise mechanisms whereby they exert effects remain to be elucidated. More... »

PAGES

345-361

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00432-018-2794-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00432-018-2794-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109991803

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30448882


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00432-018-2794-2'


 

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