Dynamics of allergy development during the first 5 years of life View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-09

AUTHORS

Marketa Vrbova, Petra Dorociakova, Roman Vyskovsky, Lubica Palkovicova Murinova, Peter Ciznar, Katarina Rausova, Scott J. N. McNabb, Eva Reichrtova, Eva Budinska, Vojtech Thon

ABSTRACT

Allergic diseases have increased in developed countries during the past decades. A cohort of Slovak children was followed from birth to track allergic symptoms dynamics in early childhood. Information on allergic symptoms (atopic dermatitis = AD, rhino conjunctivitis = RC, wheezing = Wh, urticaria = Ur) and food allergies among children was based on clinical evaluation of children by allergists at three developmental stages (infant, toddler, preschool). Out of 320 cases of allergies, 64 infants, 145 toddlers, and 195 preschool children suffered from AD, RC, Wh, Ur, or their combinations (i.e., significant increase with age, p < 0.001). AD first appeared in infants, Wh and/or RC rose mainly in toddlers, and Ur among preschool children. AD in infants or toddlers disappeared in the subsequent developmental stage in approximately one third of all cases. Single AD persistence without remission or extension was not common and accounted only for 6.9% of AD infants' allergic manifestations. In addition to single-symptom allergic diseases, this study also identified several combinations of atopic symptoms.Conclusions: The proportion of multi-symptom allergies increased while single-symptom forms decreased. The observed temporal trends of allergic symptoms correspond to the atopic march. What is Known: • The observed temporal trends of allergic symptoms correspond to the atopic march. What is New: • Allergic diseases in children were first manifested as single forms, with atopic dermatitis (AD) commonly functioning as the "entry point" to allergies. • The overall proportion of single-symptom allergic disorders decreased over time while the proportion of multi-symptom allergies increased. More... »

PAGES

1317-1325

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00431-018-3188-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3188-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105067681

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29934773


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38 schema:description Allergic diseases have increased in developed countries during the past decades. A cohort of Slovak children was followed from birth to track allergic symptoms dynamics in early childhood. Information on allergic symptoms (atopic dermatitis = AD, rhino conjunctivitis = RC, wheezing = Wh, urticaria = Ur) and food allergies among children was based on clinical evaluation of children by allergists at three developmental stages (infant, toddler, preschool). Out of 320 cases of allergies, 64 infants, 145 toddlers, and 195 preschool children suffered from AD, RC, Wh, Ur, or their combinations (i.e., significant increase with age, p < 0.001). AD first appeared in infants, Wh and/or RC rose mainly in toddlers, and Ur among preschool children. AD in infants or toddlers disappeared in the subsequent developmental stage in approximately one third of all cases. Single AD persistence without remission or extension was not common and accounted only for 6.9% of AD infants' allergic manifestations. In addition to single-symptom allergic diseases, this study also identified several combinations of atopic symptoms.Conclusions: The proportion of multi-symptom allergies increased while single-symptom forms decreased. The observed temporal trends of allergic symptoms correspond to the atopic march. What is Known: • The observed temporal trends of allergic symptoms correspond to the atopic march. What is New: • Allergic diseases in children were first manifested as single forms, with atopic dermatitis (AD) commonly functioning as the "entry point" to allergies. • The overall proportion of single-symptom allergic disorders decreased over time while the proportion of multi-symptom allergies increased.
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