Intervention not always necessary in post-appendectomy abscesses in children; clinical experience in a tertiary surgical centre and an overview of ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-09

AUTHORS

Ramon R. Gorter, Suzanne Meiring, Johanna H. van der Lee, Hugo A. Heij

ABSTRACT

This study aims to provide an overview of both our own experience and the available literature on the treatment of post-appendectomy abscess (PAA) in children. We performed a historical cohort study encompassing all children aged 0-17 years old treated for a radiologically confirmed PAA between 2007 and 2013. Their medical charts were reviewed and descriptive analyses were performed. A literature search on the treatment of PAA in children was performed. In our cohort, 25 out of 372 (7 %) children developed a PAA. Thirteen were treated with a noninvasive strategy and 12 with an invasive strategy (percutaneous or surgical drainage). The immediate success rate was 9/13 (69 %) and 8/12 (67 %) for the noninvasive and invasive strategy, respectively. In both groups, four children (31 and 33 % resp.) required delayed interventions after their initial treatment. In the literature review, six studies were included which reported a median (range) frequency of persistent or recurrent abscess of 9 % (0-30 %), 50 % (0-100 %) and 24 % (0-33 %) for the antibiotic (noninvasive), percutaneous drainage (invasive) and surgical drainage strategies, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although confounding by indication cannot be excluded, we recommend noninvasive treatment as a safe strategy for PAA in children with stable condition. WHAT IS KNOWN: • Post-appendectomy abscess is a well-known and feared complication, occurring in up to 24 % of the children treated surgically for appendicitis. • Several strategies are available to treat this condition, all with advantages and disadvantages. What is new: • Noninvasive strategy is a safe strategy for children with a PAA in a stable condition. • An overview of the literature (the first to our knowledge) supports the above-mentioned statement. More... »

PAGES

1185-1191

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00431-016-2756-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-016-2756-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037041972

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27511046


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