HIV-1-infected myelomonocytic cells are resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis: effect of tumor necrosis factor-α on their Fas expression and apoptosis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1997-07

AUTHORS

Mika Okamoto, Masahiko Makino, Isao Kitajima, Ikuro Maruyama, M. Baba

ABSTRACT

To get insight into the involvement of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and Fas (CD95) ligand in apoptosis (programmed cell death) of monocyte/macrophages in HIV-1-infected individuals, various T cell and myelomonocytic cell lines, including the HIV-1-infected clones OM-10.1 and U1 cells, were cultured in the presence of either TNF-α alone, anti-Fas agonist monoclonal antibody (Fas-mAb) alone, or their combinations. TNF-α moderately decreased the viability of myelomonocytic cell lines in a dose-dependent fashion (1–100 ng/ml). Unlike HIV-1-infected T cell lines, the viability of OM-10.1 and U1 cells was not affected by the treatment with Fas-mAb alone at concentrations up to 1,000 ng/ml. However, the viability of OM-10.1 cells further decreased with increasing concentrations of Fas-mAb when exposed simultaneously to TNF-α, suggesting that TNF-α sensitizes the cells to Fas-mAb-induced cell death. FACScan analysis and DNA gel electrophoresis revealed that the cell death was due to apoptosis. Such an effect of Fas-mAb was not identified in U1 cells. TNF-α but not Fas-mAb activated latent HIV-1 in OM-10.1 and U1 cells. Although all myelo-monocytic cell lines expressed Fas on their cell surface, TNF-α significantly up-regulated the expression of Fas in only OM-10.1 cells. These results indicate that, unlike T cells, HIV-1-infected myelomonocytic cells are generally resistant to the Fas-mediated apoptosis. However, they would become sensitive to the apoptosis if the expression of Fas could be up-regulated by TNF-α or other factors. More... »

PAGES

11-17

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004300050040

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004300050040

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029500842

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9255761


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183 grid-institutes:grid.258333.c schema:alternateName Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890, Japan, JP
184 Division of Human Retroviruses, Center for Chronic Viral Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890, Japan, Tel.: 81-99-275-5930; Fax: 81-99-275-5932; e-mail: baba@med3.kufm.kagoshima-u.ac.jp (Masanori Baba), JP
185 schema:name Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890, Japan, JP
186 Division of Human Retroviruses, Center for Chronic Viral Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890, Japan, Tel.: 81-99-275-5930; Fax: 81-99-275-5932; e-mail: baba@med3.kufm.kagoshima-u.ac.jp (Masanori Baba), JP
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