Immune cell score in pancreatic cancer—comparison of hotspot and whole-section techniques View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-07

AUTHORS

Kyösti Tahkola, Joni Leppänen, Maarit Ahtiainen, Juha Väyrynen, Kirsi-Maria Haapasaari, Tuomo Karttunen, Ilmo Kellokumpu, Olli Helminen, Jan Böhm

ABSTRACT

An immune cell score (ICS) was introduced for predicting survival in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Few studies have compared different methods of evaluating immune infiltrate. This study compared ICSs determined in whole sections or tissue microarray-like hotspots for predicting survival after PDAC surgery. We included in 79 consecutive patients from a single geographical area that underwent surgery for PDAC (R0/R1, stages I-III). We performed digital image analyses to evaluate CD3 and CD8 staining. ICSs were classified as low, moderate, or high, based on the numbers of immune cells in the tumour core and invasive margin. We compared ICS groups determined with the hotspot and whole-section techniques. Associations between ICS and survival were analysed with Cox regression models, adjusted for sex, age, tumour stage, differentiation grade, perineural invasion, and resection radicality. In hotspot ICS analysis, 5-year overall survival rates for low, moderate, and high groups were 12.1%, 26.3%, and 26.8%, respectively (p = 0.193). In whole-section analyses, overall survival rates were 5.3%, 26.4%, and 43.8%, respectively (p = 0.030). In the adjusted Cox model, whole-section ICS groups were inversely associated with the overall mortality hazard ratio (HR): low, moderate, and high ICS groups had HRs of 1.00, 0.42 (95% CI 0.20-0.88), and 0.27 (95% CI 0.11-0.67), respectively. The number of immune cells per square millimetre in the tumour core and the invasive margin were significantly higher and had a wider range in hotspots than in whole-tissue sections. Accordingly, ICS could predict survival in patients with PDAC after surgery. Whole tissue section ICSs exhibited better prognostic value than hotspot ICSs. More... »

PAGES

1-9

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00428-019-02549-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-019-02549-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112585914

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30843106


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