Hedgehog signaling is involved in differentiation of normal colonic tissue rather than in tumor proliferation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-03-12

AUTHORS

Beate Alinger, Tobias Kiesslich, Christian Datz, Fritz Aberger, Felix Strasser, Frieder Berr, Otto Dietze, Klaus Kaserer, Cornelia Hauser-Kronberger

ABSTRACT

The Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is a main regulation cascade in embryonic differentiation. It is also present in adult tissues and unusual expression has been associated with formation of benign and malignant lesions. We examined the presence of the Hedgehog pathway in normal and pathological human colon tissue. Components investigated include Sonic (Shh), Indian (Ihh), and Desert Hedgehog (Dhh), Gli1, Gli2, Gli3, and Patched (Ptch). Pathological tissue samples comprised 23 benign and 20 malignant lesions of human colon. The influence of the Hedgehog pathway on differentiation and proliferation has been investigated by analyzing the effect of the pathway inhibitor Cyclopamine on human colon cancer cell lines HT29 and CaCo2. In normal colon, we detected expression of Shh and Dhh within the lining epithelium and Patched, Gli1, and Gli2 along the whole crypts. Within all benign lesions, positive staining of Shh, Dhh, Gli1, Gli2, and Ptch was detected. Expression of Shh and Dhh was restricted to single cell aggregates. Malignant lesions also displayed focal staining pattern for Shh and Dhh but to a much lesser extent. We conclude that Hedgehog signaling is involved rather in constant differentiation and renewing of the colonic lining epithelium than in cancer formation, growth, or proliferation. More... »

PAGES

369

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00428-009-0753-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-009-0753-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009144175

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19280222


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