Distribution of cell-wall polysaccharides and proteins during growth of the hemp hypocotyl View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-07-27

AUTHORS

Marc Behr, Claudia Faleri, Jean-Francois Hausman, Sébastien Planchon, Jenny Renaut, Giampiero Cai, Gea Guerriero

ABSTRACT

Main conclusionThe immuno-ultrastructural investigation localized cell-wall polysaccharides of bast fibers during hemp hypocotyl growth. Moreover, for the first time, the localization of a peroxidase and laccase is provided in textile hemp.AbstractIn the hypocotyl of textile hemp, elongation and girth increase are separated in time. This organ is therefore ideal for time-course analyses. Here, we follow the ultrastructural rearrangement of cell-wall components during the development of the hemp hypocotyl. An expression analysis of genes involved in the biosynthesis of cellulose, the chief polysaccharide of bast fiber cell walls and xylan, the main hemicellulose of secondary cell walls, is also provided. The analysis shows a higher expression of cellulose and xylan-related genes at 15 and 20 days after sowing, as compared to 9 days. In the young hypocotyl, the cell walls of bast fibers show cellulose microfibrils that are not yet compacted to form a mature G-layer. Crystalline cellulose is detected abundantly in the S1-layer, together with unsubstituted/low-substituted xylan and, to a lesser extent, in the G-layer. The LM5 galactan epitope is confined to the walls of parenchymatic cells. LM6-specific arabinans are detected at the interface between the cytoplasm and the gelatinous cell wall of bast fibers. The class III peroxidase antibody shows localization in the G-layer only at older developmental stages. The laccase antibody shows a distinctive labelling of the G-layer region closest to the S1-layer; the signal becomes more homogeneous as the hypocotyl matures. The data provide important insights on the cell wall distribution of polysaccharide and protein components in bast fibers during the hypocotyl growth of textile hemp. More... »

PAGES

1539-1556

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00425-019-03245-9

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-019-03245-9

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31352512


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    28 schema:description Main conclusionThe immuno-ultrastructural investigation localized cell-wall polysaccharides of bast fibers during hemp hypocotyl growth. Moreover, for the first time, the localization of a peroxidase and laccase is provided in textile hemp.AbstractIn the hypocotyl of textile hemp, elongation and girth increase are separated in time. This organ is therefore ideal for time-course analyses. Here, we follow the ultrastructural rearrangement of cell-wall components during the development of the hemp hypocotyl. An expression analysis of genes involved in the biosynthesis of cellulose, the chief polysaccharide of bast fiber cell walls and xylan, the main hemicellulose of secondary cell walls, is also provided. The analysis shows a higher expression of cellulose and xylan-related genes at 15 and 20 days after sowing, as compared to 9 days. In the young hypocotyl, the cell walls of bast fibers show cellulose microfibrils that are not yet compacted to form a mature G-layer. Crystalline cellulose is detected abundantly in the S1-layer, together with unsubstituted/low-substituted xylan and, to a lesser extent, in the G-layer. The LM5 galactan epitope is confined to the walls of parenchymatic cells. LM6-specific arabinans are detected at the interface between the cytoplasm and the gelatinous cell wall of bast fibers. The class III peroxidase antibody shows localization in the G-layer only at older developmental stages. The laccase antibody shows a distinctive labelling of the G-layer region closest to the S1-layer; the signal becomes more homogeneous as the hypocotyl matures. The data provide important insights on the cell wall distribution of polysaccharide and protein components in bast fibers during the hypocotyl growth of textile hemp.
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    37 antibodies
    38 arabinan
    39 bast fibers
    40 biosynthesis
    41 biosynthesis of cellulose
    42 cell wall
    43 cell wall components
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    45 cell wall polysaccharides
    46 cells
    47 cellulose
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    49 components
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    51 cytoplasm
    52 data
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    54 development
    55 developmental stages
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    57 distribution
    58 elongation
    59 epitopes
    60 expression
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    62 extent
    63 fiber cell wall
    64 fibers
    65 first time
    66 galactan epitope
    67 gelatinous cell wall
    68 genes
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    70 growth
    71 hemicellulose
    72 hemp
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    89 organs
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    91 peroxidase
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    93 polysaccharides
    94 protein
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