Endophytes of opium poppy differentially modulate host plant productivity and genes for the biosynthetic pathway of benzylisoquinoline alkaloids View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-01-21

AUTHORS

Shiv S. Pandey, Sucheta Singh, C. S. Vivek Babu, Karuna Shanker, N. K. Srivastava, Alok Kalra

ABSTRACT

Main conclusionEndophytes reside in different parts of the poppy plant and perform the tissue-specific functions. Most leaf endophytes modulate photosynthetic efficiency, plant growth, and productivity while capsule endophytes modulate alkaloid biosynthesis.Endophytes promote plant growth, provide protection from environmental stresses and are the source of important secondary metabolites. Here, we established that the endophytes of opium poppy Papaver somniferum L. may play a role in the modulation of plant productivity and benzylisoquinoline alkaloid (BIA) biosynthesis. A total of 22 endophytes isolated from leaves, roots, capsules and seeds of the poppy plants were identified. Isolated endophytes were used to inoculate the endophytes free poppy seeds and screened for their ability to improve plant productivity and BIA production. It was evident that the endophytes from leaf were involved in improving photosynthetic efficiency, and thus crop growth and yield and the endophytes from capsule were involved in enhancing BIA biosynthesis. Capsule endophytes of alkaloid-rich P. somniferum cv. Sampada enhanced BIA production even in alkaloid-less cv. Sujata. Expression study of the genes involved in BIA biosynthesis conferred the differential regulation of their expression in the presence of capsule endophytes. The capsule endophyte SM1B (Acinetobacter) upregulated the expression of the key genes for the BIA biosynthesis except thebaine 6-O-demethylase (T6ODM) and codeine O-demethylase (CODM). On the other hand, another capsule endophyte SM3B (Marmoricola sp.) could upregulate both T6ODM and CODM. Colonization of poppy plant by endophytes isolated from leaves, roots and capsules found to be higher in their respective plant parts confirmed their tissue-specific role. Overall, the results demonstrate the specific role of endophytes in the modulation of host plant productivity and BIA production. More... »

PAGES

1097-1114

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00425-016-2467-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-016-2467-9

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26794966


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    38 schema:description Main conclusionEndophytes reside in different parts of the poppy plant and perform the tissue-specific functions. Most leaf endophytes modulate photosynthetic efficiency, plant growth, and productivity while capsule endophytes modulate alkaloid biosynthesis.Endophytes promote plant growth, provide protection from environmental stresses and are the source of important secondary metabolites. Here, we established that the endophytes of opium poppy Papaver somniferum L. may play a role in the modulation of plant productivity and benzylisoquinoline alkaloid (BIA) biosynthesis. A total of 22 endophytes isolated from leaves, roots, capsules and seeds of the poppy plants were identified. Isolated endophytes were used to inoculate the endophytes free poppy seeds and screened for their ability to improve plant productivity and BIA production. It was evident that the endophytes from leaf were involved in improving photosynthetic efficiency, and thus crop growth and yield and the endophytes from capsule were involved in enhancing BIA biosynthesis. Capsule endophytes of alkaloid-rich P. somniferum cv. Sampada enhanced BIA production even in alkaloid-less cv. Sujata. Expression study of the genes involved in BIA biosynthesis conferred the differential regulation of their expression in the presence of capsule endophytes. The capsule endophyte SM1B (Acinetobacter) upregulated the expression of the key genes for the BIA biosynthesis except thebaine 6-O-demethylase (T6ODM) and codeine O-demethylase (CODM). On the other hand, another capsule endophyte SM3B (Marmoricola sp.) could upregulate both T6ODM and CODM. Colonization of poppy plant by endophytes isolated from leaves, roots and capsules found to be higher in their respective plant parts confirmed their tissue-specific role. Overall, the results demonstrate the specific role of endophytes in the modulation of host plant productivity and BIA production.
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    45 schema:keywords BIA biosynthesis
    46 BIA production
    47 CODM
    48 Isolated endophytes
    49 L.
    50 Main conclusionEndophytes
    51 Most leaf endophytes
    52 Papaver somniferum L.
    53 Sampada
    54 T6ODM
    55 ability
    56 alkaloid biosynthesis
    57 alkaloid-less cv
    58 alkaloids
    59 benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis
    60 benzylisoquinoline alkaloids
    61 biosynthesis
    62 biosynthetic pathway
    63 capsule
    64 capsule endophytes
    65 colonization
    66 conclusionEndophytes
    67 cv
    68 demethylase
    69 different parts
    70 differential regulation
    71 efficiency
    72 endophytes
    73 endophytes free poppy seeds
    74 environmental stress
    75 expression
    76 expression studies
    77 free poppy seeds
    78 function
    79 genes
    80 growth
    81 hand
    82 host plant productivity
    83 important secondary metabolites
    84 key genes
    85 leaf endophytes
    86 leaves
    87 metabolites
    88 modulation
    89 opium poppy
    90 opium poppy Papaver somniferum L.
    91 part
    92 pathway
    93 photosynthetic efficiency
    94 plant growth
    95 plant parts
    96 plant productivity
    97 plants
    98 poppy
    99 poppy Papaver somniferum L.
    100 poppy plants
    101 poppy seeds
    102 presence
    103 production
    104 productivity
    105 protection
    106 regulation
    107 respective plant parts
    108 results
    109 role
    110 roots
    111 secondary metabolites
    112 seeds
    113 somniferum L.
    114 somniferum cv
    115 source
    116 specific role
    117 stress
    118 study
    119 tissue-specific functions
    120 tissue-specific roles
    121 total
    122 yield
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