Xylem defense wood of Norway spruce compromised by the pathogenic white-rot fungus Heterobasidion parviporum shows a prolonged period of selective ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-05-27

AUTHORS

Nina Elisabeth Nagy, Simon Ballance, Harald Kvaalen, Carl Gunnar Fossdal, Halvor Solheim, Ari M. Hietala

ABSTRACT

Heterobasidion parviporum, a common pathogenic white-rot fungus in managed Norway spruce forests in northern and central Europe, causes extensive decay columns within stem heartwood of the host tree. Infected trees combat the lateral spread of decay by bordering the heartwood with a fungistatic reaction zone characterized by elevated pH and phenol content. To examine the mode of fungal feeding in the reaction zone of mature Norway spruce trees naturally infected by H. parviporum, we conducted spatial profiling of pectin and hemicellulose composition, and established transcript levels of candidate fungal genes encoding enzymes involved in degradation of the different cell wall components of wood. Colonized inner heartwood showed pectin and hemicellulose concentrations similar to those of healthy heartwood, whereas the carbohydrate profiles of compromised reaction zone, irrespective of the age of fungal activity in the tissue, indicated selective fungal utilization of galacturonic acid, arabinose, xylose and mannose. These data show that the rate of wood decay in the reaction zone is slow. While the up-regulation of genes encoding pectinases and hemicellulases preceded that of the endoglucanase gene during an early phase of fungal interaction with xylem defense, the manganese peroxidase gene showed similar transcript levels during different phases of wood colonization. It seems plausible that the reaction zone components of Norway spruce interfere with both lignin degradation and the associated co-hydrolysis of hemicelluloses and pectin, resulting in a prolonged phase of selective decay. More... »

PAGES

1125-1133

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00425-012-1664-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-012-1664-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014290316

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22644766


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