Structure of the cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase gene family in rice and promoter activity of a member associated with lignification View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-09-25

AUTHORS

Christian M. Tobias, Elaine K. Chow

ABSTRACT

Analysis of lignification in rice has been facilitated by the availability of the recently completed rice genome sequence, and rice will serve as an important model for understanding the relationship of grass lignin composition to cell wall digestibility. Cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) is an enzyme important in lignin biosynthesis. The rice genome contains 12 distinct genes present at nine different loci that encode products with significant similarity to CAD. The rice gene family is diverse with respect to other angiosperm and gymnosperm CAD genes isolated to date and includes one member (OsCAD6) that contains a peroxisomal targeting signal and is substantially diverged relative to other family members. Four closely related family members (OsCAD8A–D) are present at the same locus and represent the product of a localized gene duplication and inversion. Promoter-reporter gene fusions to OsCAD2, an orthologue of the CAD gene present at the bm1 (brown midrib 1) locus of maize, reveal that in rice expression is associated with vascular tissue in aerial parts of the plant and is correlated with the onset of lignification. In root tissue, expression is primarily in the cortical parenchyma adjacent to the exodermis and in vascular tissue. More... »

PAGES

678-688

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2000-03. Organization and structural evolution of four multigene families in Arabidopsis thaliana: AtLCAD, AtLGT, AtMYST and AtHD-GL2 in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1994-09. The small, versatilepPZP family ofAgrobacterium binary vectors for plant transformation in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1974-07. Chemical and biological evolution of a nucleotide-binding protein in NATURE
  • 2003-04-03. Highly efficient production and characterization of T-DNA plants for rice (Oryza sativa L.) functional genomics in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1992-08. Identification and characterisation of cDNA clones encoding cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase from tobacco in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1999-02. Down-regulation of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase in transgenic alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and the effect on lignin composition and digestibility in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1992. The Detection of Lignin in METHODS IN LIGNIN CHEMISTRY
  • 1995-11. Cloning and properties of a rice gene encoding phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1991-10. A DNA Transformation–Competent Arabidopsis Genomic Library in Agrobacterium in BIO/TECHNOLOGY
  • 1995-09. Genetic analysis of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase in loblolly pine: single gene inheritance, molecular characterization and evolution in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1992-02. Maize polyubiquitin genes: structure, thermal perturbation of expression and transcript splicing, and promoter activity following transfer to protoplasts by electroporation in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2002-10. The vascular expression pattern directed by the Eucalyptus gunnii cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase EgCAD2 promoter is conserved among woody and herbaceous plant species in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • <error retrieving object. in <ERROR RETRIEVING OBJECT
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Planta

    ISSUE

    5

    VOLUME

    220

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00425-004-1385-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-004-1385-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013337025

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15452707


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