Tetrodotoxin blocks L-type Ca2+ channels in canine ventricular cardiomyocytes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-05-22

AUTHORS

Bence Hegyi, László Bárándi, István Komáromi, Ferenc Papp, Balázs Horváth, János Magyar, Tamás Bányász, Zoltán Krasznai, Norbert Szentandrássy, Péter P. Nánási

ABSTRACT

Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is believed to be the most selective inhibitor of voltage-gated fast Na+ channels in excitable tissues, including nerve, skeletal muscle, and heart, although TTX sensitivity of the latter is lower than the former by at least three orders of magnitude. In the present study, the TTX sensitivity of L-type Ca2+ current (ICa) was studied in isolated canine ventricular cells using conventional voltage clamp and action potential voltage clamp techniques. TTX was found to block ICa in a reversible manner without altering inactivation kinetics of ICa. Fitting results to the Hill equation, an IC50 value of 55 ± 2 μM was obtained with a Hill coefficient of unity (1.0 ± s0.04). The current was fully abolished by 1 μM nisoldipine, indicating that it was really ICa. Under action potential voltage clamp conditions, the TTX-sensitive current displayed the typical fingerprint of ICa, which was absent in the presence of nisoldipine. Stick-and-ball models for Cav1.2 and Nav1.5 channel proteins were constructed to explain the differences observed between action of TTX on cardiac ICa and INa. This is the first report demonstrating TTX to interact with L-type calcium current in the heart. More... »

PAGES

167-174

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00424-012-1114-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00424-012-1114-y

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22615072


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    33 schema:description Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is believed to be the most selective inhibitor of voltage-gated fast Na+ channels in excitable tissues, including nerve, skeletal muscle, and heart, although TTX sensitivity of the latter is lower than the former by at least three orders of magnitude. In the present study, the TTX sensitivity of L-type Ca2+ current (ICa) was studied in isolated canine ventricular cells using conventional voltage clamp and action potential voltage clamp techniques. TTX was found to block ICa in a reversible manner without altering inactivation kinetics of ICa. Fitting results to the Hill equation, an IC50 value of 55 ± 2 μM was obtained with a Hill coefficient of unity (1.0 ± s0.04). The current was fully abolished by 1 μM nisoldipine, indicating that it was really ICa. Under action potential voltage clamp conditions, the TTX-sensitive current displayed the typical fingerprint of ICa, which was absent in the presence of nisoldipine. Stick-and-ball models for Cav1.2 and Nav1.5 channel proteins were constructed to explain the differences observed between action of TTX on cardiac ICa and INa. This is the first report demonstrating TTX to interact with L-type calcium current in the heart.
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