Consequences of prolonged total body immersion in cold water on muscle performance and EMG activity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-04

AUTHORS

Mathieu Coulange, François Hug, Nathalie Kipson, Claude Robinet, Anne Virginie Desruelle, Bruno Melin, Chantal Jimenez, François Galland, Yves Jammes

ABSTRACT

The consequences of a prolonged total body immersion in cold water on the muscle function have not been documented yet, and they are the object of this French Navy research program. Ten elite divers were totally immerged and stayed immobile during 6 h in cold (18 and 10 degrees C) water. We measured the maximal voluntary leg extension (maximal voluntary contraction, MVC) and evoked compound muscle potential (M wave) in vastus lateralis and soleus muscles at rest, after a submaximal (60% MVC) isometric extension allowing the measurement of the endurance time (Tlim). The power spectrum of surface electromyograms (EMG) was computed during 60% MVCs. MVCs and 60% MVC maneuvers were repeated four times during the immersion. Data were compared with those obtained in a control group studied in dry air condition during a 6-h session. Total body cooling did not affect MVC nor Tlim. The M wave duration increased in the coolest muscle (soleus), but only at 10 degrees C at rest. There were no further fatigue-induced M wave alterations in both muscles. During 60% the MVCs, a time-dependant increase in the leftward shift of the EMG spectrum occurred at the two temperatures. These EMG changes were absent in the control group of subjects studied in dry air. The plasma lactate concentration was elevated throughout the 18 and mostly the 10 degrees C immersion conditions. Throughout the 18 degrees C immersion study, the resting potassium level did not significantly vary, whereas at 10 degrees C, a significant potassium increase occurred soon and persisted throughout the study. Thus, total body immersion in cold water did not affect the global contractile properties of leg muscles during static efforts but elicited significant alterations in electromyographic events which may be related to the variations of interstitial fluid composition. More... »

PAGES

91

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00424-005-0013-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00424-005-0013-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007007468

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16328455


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