How to cope with insufficient pneumoperitoneum and exposure when performing laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-05

AUTHORS

Hella Scotland, Jeannette D. Widmer, Stefan Wildi, Marco Bueter, Markus Weber, Markus K. Muller

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Despite following international guidelines and conducting routine preoperative dietary counseling, every bariatric surgeon will encounter technical challenges in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. We present a series of patients in whom the bariatric procedure was stopped after encountering insufficient exposure during diagnostic laparoscopy. These patients were sent back for dietary counseling and underwent surgery after conservative weight loss. The data from this two-step procedure are analyzed and discussed. METHODS: This concept was applied and studied in 14 patients from a series of 620 bariatric procedures. Patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic gastric bypass (n = 593) were used as references. RESULTS: The patients in the study group were significantly heavier than those in the reference group (165 vs. 127 kg, p < 0.001), with 79 % having a BMI >50 kg/m(2). The patients lost a median of 11 kg after 2 months of conservative treatment, and the mean BMI decreased from 55.7 to 52.6 kg/m(2). All the patients in the study group underwent laparoscopic surgery for the second procedure with no need for conversion. The complication rate was not elevated in the study group. Overall hospital costs were higher for the study group compared with those for the primary laparoscopic bypass group (27,136 vs. 19,601 USD, p = 0.034). CONCLUSION: The primary laparoscopic procedure can be stopped in patients with insufficient exposure instead of having them undergo conversion to open surgery. These patients may undergo successful laparoscopic procedures after conservative weight loss with no increased risk and with all of the possible benefits of a laparoscopic approach. As a result of this study, we have established a fixed, preoperative lower limit of 10 % excess weight reduction before accepting superobese patients (BMI >50 kg/m(2)) for surgery at our hospital. More... »

PAGES

299-305

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00423-016-1379-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-016-1379-2

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26887905


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39 schema:description OBJECTIVE: Despite following international guidelines and conducting routine preoperative dietary counseling, every bariatric surgeon will encounter technical challenges in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. We present a series of patients in whom the bariatric procedure was stopped after encountering insufficient exposure during diagnostic laparoscopy. These patients were sent back for dietary counseling and underwent surgery after conservative weight loss. The data from this two-step procedure are analyzed and discussed. METHODS: This concept was applied and studied in 14 patients from a series of 620 bariatric procedures. Patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic gastric bypass (n = 593) were used as references. RESULTS: The patients in the study group were significantly heavier than those in the reference group (165 vs. 127 kg, p < 0.001), with 79 % having a BMI >50 kg/m(2). The patients lost a median of 11 kg after 2 months of conservative treatment, and the mean BMI decreased from 55.7 to 52.6 kg/m(2). All the patients in the study group underwent laparoscopic surgery for the second procedure with no need for conversion. The complication rate was not elevated in the study group. Overall hospital costs were higher for the study group compared with those for the primary laparoscopic bypass group (27,136 vs. 19,601 USD, p = 0.034). CONCLUSION: The primary laparoscopic procedure can be stopped in patients with insufficient exposure instead of having them undergo conversion to open surgery. These patients may undergo successful laparoscopic procedures after conservative weight loss with no increased risk and with all of the possible benefits of a laparoscopic approach. As a result of this study, we have established a fixed, preoperative lower limit of 10 % excess weight reduction before accepting superobese patients (BMI >50 kg/m(2)) for surgery at our hospital.
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