Balanced management of hepatic trauma is associated with low liver-related mortality View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2010-04

AUTHORS

Christoph Benckert, Armin Thelen, Gereon Gaebelein, Pierre Hepp, Christoph Josten, Michael Bartels, Sven Jonas

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hepatic trauma is a rare surgical emergency with significant morbidity and mortality. Therapeutic strategies have been controversially discussed during the last decades. METHODS: The medical records of 47 consecutive patients with hepatic trauma treated at the University Hospital of Leipzig between 2004 and 2008 were retrospectively reviewed for the severity of liver injury, management, morbidity, and mortality and compared to a preceding cohort. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors influencing mortality. RESULTS: Compared to 63 patients treated between 1993 and 2003, moderate liver injuries (grades I-III) occurred more frequently (p = 0.0006), and the proportion of patients that were managed operatively decreased from 68.9% to 37.5%. Twenty patients (42.6%) were treated conservatively (all grades I to III) and 27 surgically (47.4%). In detail, five patients were treated by hepatic packing alone, 13 by suture or coagulation, five by atypical resection, and four by hemihepatectomy. The overall mortality was 8.5% with a liver-related mortality rate of 2.1%. According to severity grades I-III, IV, and V, mortality rates were 0%, 18.2%, and 50.0%, respectively. Univariate analysis identified Injury Severity Score (ISS) >30, Moore grades IV and V, hemoglobin at admission <6.0 mmol/L, and need for transfusion of >12 erythrocyte concentrates to be significant risk factors for early posttraumatic death, while multivariate analysis only ISS >30 revealed to be of prognostic significance for early postoperative survival. CONCLUSION: Compared to a previous cohort in the same hospital, more patients were treated conservatively. Management of liver injuries presented with a low liver-related mortality rate. Grades I-III injuries can safely be treated by conservative means with excellent results. However, complex hepatic injuries may often require surgical treatment ranging from packing to complex hemihepatectomy. Hence, for selection of appropriate therapeutic options, patients with hepatic injuries should be treated in a specialized institution. More... »

PAGES

381-386

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00423-009-0566-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-009-0566-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020875379

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19908061


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