Comparisons of muscle strength, size, and voluntary activation in pre- and post-pubescent males and females View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-05-25

AUTHORS

Zachary M. Gillen, Terry J. Housh, Richard J. Schmidt, Trent J. Herda, Rafael J. De Ayala, Marni E. Shoemaker, Joel T. Cramer

ABSTRACT

PurposeThe purpose of this study was to compare measurements of muscle strength, size, and activation of the forearm flexors in pre- and post-pubescent males and females.MethodsForty pre-pubescent (mean ± 95% confidence interval, age = 9.79 ± 0.35 years, n = 10 males, n = 10 females) and post-pubescent (age = 17.23 ± 0.58 years, n = 10 males, n = 10 females) youth participated. Subjects completed maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) of the forearm flexors, and submaximal isometric step muscle actions at 30, 50, and 70% of the peak MVIC. Percent voluntary activation (VA) was quantified during all isometric muscle actions. Forearm flexor (biceps brachii and brachialis) muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) was quantified from ultrasound images.ResultsMVIC strength was expressed in absolute terms and normalized to CSA. Post-pubertal males were 130% stronger, had 101% greater CSA, and 17% greater maximal VA than pre-pubertal males, while post-pubertal females were 72% stronger, had 54% greater CSA, and 23% greater maximal VA than pre-pubertal females. When MVIC strength was normalized to CSA, the post-pubertal males were still 15% stronger than the pre-pubertal males, while the post-pubertal females were only 12% stronger than the pre-pubertal females. The responses for VA across intensity reflected differences in muscle activation strategies between pre- and post-pubertal males and females.ConclusionThese results suggest that muscle size may account for a greater proportion of the growth and development-related differences in strength among males, while females may be more affected by changes in muscle activation. Regardless of sex, changes in muscle size and neuromuscular function influence strength increases during growth and development. More... »

PAGES

2487-2497

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1138331183

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34032904


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adolescent", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Muscle Strength", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Muscle, Skeletal", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Puberty", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Sex Factors", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Kinesiology, Mississippi State University, 236 McCarthy Gymnasium, 39762, Mississippi State, MS, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.260120.7", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Kinesiology, Mississippi State University, 236 McCarthy Gymnasium, 39762, Mississippi State, MS, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gillen", 
        "givenName": "Zachary M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010574654335.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010574654335.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Nutrition & Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.24434.35", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Nutrition & Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Housh", 
        "givenName": "Terry J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01236613661.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01236613661.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Nutrition & Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.24434.35", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Nutrition & Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schmidt", 
        "givenName": "Richard J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012006212432.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012006212432.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, 66045, Lawrence, KS, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266515.3", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, 66045, Lawrence, KS, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Herda", 
        "givenName": "Trent J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0727230544.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0727230544.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Educational Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.24434.35", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Educational Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "De Ayala", 
        "givenName": "Rafael J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01203341347.99", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01203341347.99"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "College of Health Sciences, The University of Texas at El Paso, 79968, El Paso, TX, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.267324.6", 
          "name": [
            "College of Health Sciences, The University of Texas at El Paso, 79968, El Paso, TX, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shoemaker", 
        "givenName": "Marni E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013072711713.23", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013072711713.23"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "College of Health Sciences, The University of Texas at El Paso, 79968, El Paso, TX, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.267324.6", 
          "name": [
            "College of Health Sciences, The University of Texas at El Paso, 79968, El Paso, TX, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cramer", 
        "givenName": "Joel T.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0753745704.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0753745704.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-015-3132-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044593777", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-015-3132-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-019-04151-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1114199610", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04151-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-009-1088-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053138401", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1088-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1880-6805-33-30", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045104664", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1880-6805-33-30"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3362-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011099903", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3362-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-019-05508-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112683134", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-019-05508-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02289823", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022521137", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02289823"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2021-05-25", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2021-05-25", 
    "description": "PurposeThe purpose of this study was to compare measurements of muscle strength, size, and activation of the forearm flexors in pre- and post-pubescent males and females.MethodsForty pre-pubescent (mean\u2009\u00b1\u200995% confidence interval, age\u2009=\u20099.79\u2009\u00b1\u20090.35\u00a0years, n\u2009=\u200910 males, n\u2009=\u200910 females) and post-pubescent (age\u2009=\u200917.23\u2009\u00b1\u20090.58\u00a0years, n\u2009=\u200910 males, n\u2009=\u200910 females) youth participated. Subjects completed maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) of the forearm flexors, and submaximal isometric step muscle actions at 30, 50, and 70% of the peak MVIC. Percent voluntary activation (VA) was quantified during all isometric muscle actions. Forearm flexor (biceps brachii and brachialis) muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) was quantified from ultrasound images.ResultsMVIC strength was expressed in absolute terms and normalized to CSA. Post-pubertal males were 130% stronger, had 101% greater CSA, and 17% greater maximal VA than pre-pubertal males, while post-pubertal females were 72% stronger, had 54% greater CSA, and 23% greater maximal VA than pre-pubertal females. When MVIC strength was normalized to CSA, the post-pubertal males were still 15% stronger than the pre-pubertal males, while the post-pubertal females were only 12% stronger than the pre-pubertal females. The responses for VA across intensity reflected differences in muscle activation strategies between pre- and post-pubertal males and females.ConclusionThese results suggest that muscle size may account for a greater proportion of the growth and development-related differences in strength among males, while females may be more affected by changes in muscle activation. Regardless of sex, changes in muscle size and neuromuscular function influence strength increases during growth and development.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.8800867", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1319730", 
        "issn": [
          "1439-6319", 
          "1432-1025"
        ], 
        "name": "European Journal of Applied Physiology", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "9", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "121"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "maximal voluntary isometric contraction", 
      "post-pubertal males", 
      "maximal voluntary activation", 
      "voluntary activation", 
      "pre-pubertal males", 
      "post-pubertal females", 
      "pre-pubertal females", 
      "greater cross-sectional area", 
      "cross-sectional area", 
      "muscle strength", 
      "post-pubescent males", 
      "forearm flexors", 
      "muscle size", 
      "isometric step muscle actions", 
      "muscle actions", 
      "muscle cross-sectional area", 
      "percent voluntary activation", 
      "voluntary isometric contraction", 
      "isometric muscle actions", 
      "development-related differences", 
      "muscle activation strategies", 
      "isometric contraction", 
      "PurposeThe purpose", 
      "muscle activation", 
      "ConclusionThese results", 
      "MVIC strength", 
      "flexors", 
      "males", 
      "females", 
      "activation", 
      "greater proportion", 
      "pre", 
      "MethodsForty", 
      "sex", 
      "differences", 
      "contraction", 
      "ultrasound images", 
      "action", 
      "absolute terms", 
      "subjects", 
      "changes", 
      "proportion", 
      "response", 
      "study", 
      "activation strategy", 
      "increase", 
      "youth", 
      "growth", 
      "purpose", 
      "size", 
      "development", 
      "strategies", 
      "comparison", 
      "area", 
      "results", 
      "intensity", 
      "strength", 
      "measurements", 
      "terms", 
      "images", 
      "strength increases"
    ], 
    "name": "Comparisons of muscle strength, size, and voluntary activation in pre- and post-pubescent males and females", 
    "pagination": "2487-2497", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1138331183"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "34032904"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1138331183"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-09-02T16:06", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220902/entities/gbq_results/article/article_904.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

241 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      102 URIs      87 LITERALS      16 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1 schema:about N2123b265e55a4870b045e131604197f8
2 N3b8b05658f114509a4d2eecf7dd4766a
3 N7f074dd93151470e87c02ed8ecf14387
4 N9458930b81ef4f549a3b13b9b2a61b65
5 Nb1b5a5fd5183426bbb2c14882ee6961f
6 Nb3fa4fbb3ae347b4bb33c97bdd4dc29a
7 Ncd693ec683bc443c8fcde4cf34386568
8 Nd341b7d72f9b4204b374bb03721a51d9
9 Ndc5cb795eb9142b4b75adf507e389765
10 anzsrc-for:11
11 anzsrc-for:1103
12 schema:author Nbece7c74d2da49fb914a3a96b76ca5f5
13 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02289823
14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-019-05508-z
15 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-009-1088-4
16 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-015-3132-x
17 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3362-6
18 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-019-04151-4
19 sg:pub.10.1186/1880-6805-33-30
20 schema:datePublished 2021-05-25
21 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-05-25
22 schema:description PurposeThe purpose of this study was to compare measurements of muscle strength, size, and activation of the forearm flexors in pre- and post-pubescent males and females.MethodsForty pre-pubescent (mean ± 95% confidence interval, age = 9.79 ± 0.35 years, n = 10 males, n = 10 females) and post-pubescent (age = 17.23 ± 0.58 years, n = 10 males, n = 10 females) youth participated. Subjects completed maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) of the forearm flexors, and submaximal isometric step muscle actions at 30, 50, and 70% of the peak MVIC. Percent voluntary activation (VA) was quantified during all isometric muscle actions. Forearm flexor (biceps brachii and brachialis) muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) was quantified from ultrasound images.ResultsMVIC strength was expressed in absolute terms and normalized to CSA. Post-pubertal males were 130% stronger, had 101% greater CSA, and 17% greater maximal VA than pre-pubertal males, while post-pubertal females were 72% stronger, had 54% greater CSA, and 23% greater maximal VA than pre-pubertal females. When MVIC strength was normalized to CSA, the post-pubertal males were still 15% stronger than the pre-pubertal males, while the post-pubertal females were only 12% stronger than the pre-pubertal females. The responses for VA across intensity reflected differences in muscle activation strategies between pre- and post-pubertal males and females.ConclusionThese results suggest that muscle size may account for a greater proportion of the growth and development-related differences in strength among males, while females may be more affected by changes in muscle activation. Regardless of sex, changes in muscle size and neuromuscular function influence strength increases during growth and development.
23 schema:genre article
24 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
25 schema:isPartOf N7018918ca78041aa8271631c240f01db
26 Nae999320366144b3b420e3c8bb6a049b
27 sg:journal.1319730
28 schema:keywords ConclusionThese results
29 MVIC strength
30 MethodsForty
31 PurposeThe purpose
32 absolute terms
33 action
34 activation
35 activation strategy
36 area
37 changes
38 comparison
39 contraction
40 cross-sectional area
41 development
42 development-related differences
43 differences
44 females
45 flexors
46 forearm flexors
47 greater cross-sectional area
48 greater proportion
49 growth
50 images
51 increase
52 intensity
53 isometric contraction
54 isometric muscle actions
55 isometric step muscle actions
56 males
57 maximal voluntary activation
58 maximal voluntary isometric contraction
59 measurements
60 muscle actions
61 muscle activation
62 muscle activation strategies
63 muscle cross-sectional area
64 muscle size
65 muscle strength
66 percent voluntary activation
67 post-pubertal females
68 post-pubertal males
69 post-pubescent males
70 pre
71 pre-pubertal females
72 pre-pubertal males
73 proportion
74 purpose
75 response
76 results
77 sex
78 size
79 strategies
80 strength
81 strength increases
82 study
83 subjects
84 terms
85 ultrasound images
86 voluntary activation
87 voluntary isometric contraction
88 youth
89 schema:name Comparisons of muscle strength, size, and voluntary activation in pre- and post-pubescent males and females
90 schema:pagination 2487-2497
91 schema:productId N047d4c646a1a4030ba2918dd38e02eb7
92 N189f1dfc522e4ddb8e9d55e38307c4e1
93 Nf7664c8ed92a466fa73dcf31f2afaf41
94 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1138331183
95 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1
96 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-09-02T16:06
97 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
98 schema:sdPublisher N2638eb5b45cf4773a51f8af90e64b18c
99 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1
100 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
101 sgo:sdDataset articles
102 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
103 N047d4c646a1a4030ba2918dd38e02eb7 schema:name pubmed_id
104 schema:value 34032904
105 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
106 N0ef2096daa3445e29c8dc038d55c44b9 rdf:first sg:person.0753745704.12
107 rdf:rest rdf:nil
108 N189f1dfc522e4ddb8e9d55e38307c4e1 schema:name doi
109 schema:value 10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1
110 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
111 N2123b265e55a4870b045e131604197f8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
112 schema:name Adolescent
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 N2638eb5b45cf4773a51f8af90e64b18c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
115 rdf:type schema:Organization
116 N3b8b05658f114509a4d2eecf7dd4766a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
117 schema:name Muscle, Skeletal
118 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
119 N7018918ca78041aa8271631c240f01db schema:issueNumber 9
120 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
121 N72fb85c1f6294a4bbc6650cad655ee9e rdf:first sg:person.0727230544.89
122 rdf:rest N9930a33ecfec4b90a1e70a72f9c7b824
123 N7f074dd93151470e87c02ed8ecf14387 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
124 schema:name Muscle Strength
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 N7f205643728a407fb1fa436cb88b93b1 rdf:first sg:person.01236613661.41
127 rdf:rest Nb101763d8bb14e71aba0f90084f50f13
128 N9458930b81ef4f549a3b13b9b2a61b65 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
129 schema:name Child
130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
131 N9930a33ecfec4b90a1e70a72f9c7b824 rdf:first sg:person.01203341347.99
132 rdf:rest Nb8e744185c954f428c2ab36a1281f925
133 Nae999320366144b3b420e3c8bb6a049b schema:volumeNumber 121
134 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
135 Nb101763d8bb14e71aba0f90084f50f13 rdf:first sg:person.012006212432.20
136 rdf:rest N72fb85c1f6294a4bbc6650cad655ee9e
137 Nb1b5a5fd5183426bbb2c14882ee6961f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
138 schema:name Female
139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
140 Nb3fa4fbb3ae347b4bb33c97bdd4dc29a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
141 schema:name Male
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 Nb8e744185c954f428c2ab36a1281f925 rdf:first sg:person.013072711713.23
144 rdf:rest N0ef2096daa3445e29c8dc038d55c44b9
145 Nbece7c74d2da49fb914a3a96b76ca5f5 rdf:first sg:person.010574654335.96
146 rdf:rest N7f205643728a407fb1fa436cb88b93b1
147 Ncd693ec683bc443c8fcde4cf34386568 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
148 schema:name Sex Factors
149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
150 Nd341b7d72f9b4204b374bb03721a51d9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
151 schema:name Humans
152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
153 Ndc5cb795eb9142b4b75adf507e389765 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
154 schema:name Puberty
155 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
156 Nf7664c8ed92a466fa73dcf31f2afaf41 schema:name dimensions_id
157 schema:value pub.1138331183
158 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
159 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
160 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
162 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
163 schema:name Clinical Sciences
164 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
165 sg:grant.8800867 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-021-04717-1
166 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
167 sg:journal.1319730 schema:issn 1432-1025
168 1439-6319
169 schema:name European Journal of Applied Physiology
170 schema:publisher Springer Nature
171 rdf:type schema:Periodical
172 sg:person.010574654335.96 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.260120.7
173 schema:familyName Gillen
174 schema:givenName Zachary M.
175 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010574654335.96
176 rdf:type schema:Person
177 sg:person.012006212432.20 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.24434.35
178 schema:familyName Schmidt
179 schema:givenName Richard J.
180 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012006212432.20
181 rdf:type schema:Person
182 sg:person.01203341347.99 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.24434.35
183 schema:familyName De Ayala
184 schema:givenName Rafael J.
185 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01203341347.99
186 rdf:type schema:Person
187 sg:person.01236613661.41 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.24434.35
188 schema:familyName Housh
189 schema:givenName Terry J.
190 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01236613661.41
191 rdf:type schema:Person
192 sg:person.013072711713.23 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.267324.6
193 schema:familyName Shoemaker
194 schema:givenName Marni E.
195 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013072711713.23
196 rdf:type schema:Person
197 sg:person.0727230544.89 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.266515.3
198 schema:familyName Herda
199 schema:givenName Trent J.
200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0727230544.89
201 rdf:type schema:Person
202 sg:person.0753745704.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.267324.6
203 schema:familyName Cramer
204 schema:givenName Joel T.
205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0753745704.12
206 rdf:type schema:Person
207 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02289823 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022521137
208 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02289823
209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
210 sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-019-05508-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112683134
211 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-019-05508-z
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-009-1088-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053138401
214 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1088-4
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-015-3132-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044593777
217 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-015-3132-x
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3362-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011099903
220 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3362-6
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-019-04151-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1114199610
223 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04151-4
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 sg:pub.10.1186/1880-6805-33-30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045104664
226 https://doi.org/10.1186/1880-6805-33-30
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 grid-institutes:grid.24434.35 schema:alternateName Department of Educational Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA
229 Department of Nutrition & Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA
230 schema:name Department of Educational Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA
231 Department of Nutrition & Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 68583, Lincoln, NE, USA
232 rdf:type schema:Organization
233 grid-institutes:grid.260120.7 schema:alternateName Department of Kinesiology, Mississippi State University, 236 McCarthy Gymnasium, 39762, Mississippi State, MS, USA
234 schema:name Department of Kinesiology, Mississippi State University, 236 McCarthy Gymnasium, 39762, Mississippi State, MS, USA
235 rdf:type schema:Organization
236 grid-institutes:grid.266515.3 schema:alternateName Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, 66045, Lawrence, KS, USA
237 schema:name Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, 66045, Lawrence, KS, USA
238 rdf:type schema:Organization
239 grid-institutes:grid.267324.6 schema:alternateName College of Health Sciences, The University of Texas at El Paso, 79968, El Paso, TX, USA
240 schema:name College of Health Sciences, The University of Texas at El Paso, 79968, El Paso, TX, USA
241 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...