Combining supervised run interval training or moderate-intensity continuous training with the diabetes prevention program on clinical outcomes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04-12

AUTHORS

Nicole M. Gilbertson, Joan A. Mandelson, Kathryn Hilovsky, Jeremy D. Akers, Trent A. Hargens, David L. Wenos, Elizabeth S. Edwards

ABSTRACT

PurposeThe present study was designed to evaluate the 16 weeks diabetes prevention program (DPP) combined with instructed run sprint interval training (INT) or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on glycemic control, body composition, fitness, exercise adherence, and perceived exercise enjoyment in sedentary, adults with prediabetes.MethodsParticipants completed three weekly supervised sessions of INT (4–10 bouts of 30 s maximal sprints followed by a 4 min active recovery) or MICT (30–60 min at 45–55% HRR) exercise coupled with the DPP for 16 weeks. At baseline, 8 and 16 weeks, participants completed fitness and clinical assessments as well as questionnaires to assess group and time differences.ResultsTwenty-nine study participants (INT n = 17, MICT n = 12) were randomized, however, significantly (p = 0.024) more participants withdrew from the INT (n = 11) than MICT (n = 4) treatment. There was no significant difference between groups in perceived exercise enjoyment, but, the MICT group significantly improved their perceived exercise enjoyment (10.8 ± 14.2; p = 0.021) from baseline to 16 weeks. Both INT and MICT groups decreased their body weight (2.0 ± 0.8 vs. − 5.5 ± 1.4 kg; p < 0.001), BMI (− 0.6 ± 0.3 vs. − 2.1 ± 0.5 kg/m2; p < 0.001), body fat mass (1.4 ± 0.6 vs. − 4.2 ± 1.0 kg; p < 0.001), fasting glucose (− 0.09 ± 0.01 vs. − 0.18 ± 0.02 mmol/L; p = 0.020), and HbA1c (− 0.21 ± 0.09 vs. − 0.12 ± 0.12%; p = 0.001), respectively, however, the MICT had greater reductions (GxT: p ≤ 0.05) in body weight, BMI, and body fat than the INT group.ConclusionSixteen weeks of MICT is adhered to better and elicits greater improvements in body composition than INT. Nevertheless, both interventions similarly reduced fasting glucose and HbA1c in adults with prediabetes, suggesting either treatment could be effective for T2D prevention. More... »

PAGES

1503-1512

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-019-04137-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04137-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113380453

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30980133


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