Aging and the effects of a half marathon on Achilles tendon force–elongation relationship View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-09-30

AUTHORS

Thijs Maria Anne Ackermans, Gaspar Epro, Christopher McCrum, Kai Daniel Oberländer, Frank Suhr, Maarten Robert Drost, Kenneth Meijer, Kiros Karamanidis

ABSTRACT

PurposeWe aimed to determine whether there are different changes in Achilles tendon (AT) mechanical properties in middle-aged, compared to younger runners that might indicate that tendon fatigue, induced by long-distance running, is age-dependent.Methods27 middle-aged (50–67 years) and 22 younger (21–29 years) participants ran a 21 km route at their own pace (mean and SD: old: 3.1 ± 0.3 m s−1; young: 3.6 ± 0.5 m s−1). We tested for changes in the AT force–elongation relationship using dynamometry and ultrasonography during isometric voluntary ankle plantarflexion ramp contractions, conducted 20–28 h pre-run, immediately pre-run, immediately post-run and 20–28 h post-run. Stride frequency and number were examined to estimate cyclic tensile loading characteristics of the tendon during running.ResultsMuscle strength decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in both groups immediately post-run (old: 17 %; young: 11 %) and recovered to baseline within 20–28 h post-run. AT stiffness did not change for the younger adults, whereas the middle-aged adults showed a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in AT stiffness (22 %). However, tendon stiffness recovered to baseline 20–28 h post-run. Middle-aged, compared to young adults, demonstrated significantly (P < 0.05) greater stride frequency and number, but no correlations with tendon fatigue changes were determined (R2 ≤ 0.038).ConclusionsThe results suggest that the plasticity of the AT in response to short-term mechanical loading may be age dependent and that the AT length–tension properties of middle-aged runners may be more vulnerable to change following running compared to younger athletes. However, the observed AT changes in the middle-aged runners dissipated within 20–28 h post-run, suggesting that a tendon viscoelastic recovery mechanism may occur in vivo. More... »

PAGES

2281-2292

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-06-04. The effects of a 30-min run on the mechanics of the human Achilles tendon in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1987-01. The spring in the arch of the human foot in NATURE
  • 1994-09. Achilles Tendon Injuries in Athletes in SPORTS MEDICINE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002500605

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27695979


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Achilles Tendon", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Adult", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Aged", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Aging", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Computer Simulation", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Elastic Modulus", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Isometric Contraction", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Male", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Middle Aged", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Models, Biological", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Physical Endurance", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Running", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Stress, Mechanical", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Tensile Strength", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Young Adult", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412966.e", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark M\u00fcngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany", 
                "Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ackermans", 
            "givenName": "Thijs Maria Anne", 
            "id": "sg:person.010123343621.74", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010123343621.74"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopaedics, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark M\u00fcngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27593.3a", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark M\u00fcngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany", 
                "Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopaedics, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark M\u00fcngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Epro", 
            "givenName": "Gaspar", 
            "id": "sg:person.0705522062.52", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0705522062.52"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412966.e", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark M\u00fcngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany", 
                "Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "McCrum", 
            "givenName": "Christopher", 
            "id": "sg:person.01313476470.69", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01313476470.69"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Fresenius University of Applied Sciences, Media School, Im Mediapark 4C, 50670, Cologne, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440934.e", 
              "name": [
                "Fresenius University of Applied Sciences, Media School, Im Mediapark 4C, 50670, Cologne, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Oberl\u00e4nder", 
            "givenName": "Kai Daniel", 
            "id": "sg:person.0664161767.02", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664161767.02"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sport Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark M\u00fcngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27593.3a", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sport Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark M\u00fcngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Suhr", 
            "givenName": "Frank", 
            "id": "sg:person.01277064534.16", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277064534.16"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412966.e", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Drost", 
            "givenName": "Maarten Robert", 
            "id": "sg:person.0667014663.03", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667014663.03"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412966.e", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Meijer", 
            "givenName": "Kenneth", 
            "id": "sg:person.01230521433.86", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01230521433.86"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark M\u00fcngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27593.3a", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark M\u00fcngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Karamanidis", 
            "givenName": "Kiros", 
            "id": "sg:person.0711640665.48", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0711640665.48"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/325147a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044153277", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/325147a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.2165/00007256-199418030-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007808807", 
              "https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199418030-00004"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-011-2019-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028629237", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-2019-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2016-09-30", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2016-09-30", 
        "description": "PurposeWe aimed to determine whether there are different changes in Achilles tendon (AT) mechanical properties in middle-aged, compared to younger runners that might indicate that tendon fatigue, induced by long-distance running, is age-dependent.Methods27 middle-aged (50\u201367\u00a0years) and 22 younger (21\u201329\u00a0years) participants ran a 21\u00a0km route at their own pace (mean and SD: old: 3.1\u00a0\u00b1\u00a00.3\u00a0m\u00a0s\u22121; young: 3.6\u00a0\u00b1\u00a00.5\u00a0m\u00a0s\u22121). We tested for changes in the AT force\u2013elongation relationship using dynamometry and ultrasonography during isometric voluntary ankle plantarflexion ramp contractions, conducted 20\u201328\u00a0h pre-run, immediately pre-run, immediately post-run and 20\u201328\u00a0h post-run. Stride frequency and number were examined to estimate cyclic tensile loading characteristics of the tendon during running.ResultsMuscle strength decreased significantly (P\u00a0<\u00a00.05) in both groups immediately post-run (old: 17\u00a0%; young: 11\u00a0%) and recovered to baseline within 20\u201328\u00a0h post-run. AT stiffness did not change for the younger adults, whereas the middle-aged adults showed a significant (P\u00a0<\u00a00.05) decrease in AT stiffness (22\u00a0%). However, tendon stiffness recovered to baseline 20\u201328\u00a0h post-run. Middle-aged, compared to young adults, demonstrated significantly (P\u00a0<\u00a00.05) greater stride frequency and number, but no correlations with tendon fatigue changes were determined (R2\u00a0\u2264\u00a00.038).ConclusionsThe results suggest that the plasticity of the AT in response to short-term mechanical loading may be age dependent and that the AT length\u2013tension properties of middle-aged runners may be more vulnerable to change following running compared to younger athletes. However, the observed AT changes in the middle-aged runners dissipated within 20\u201328\u00a0h post-run, suggesting that a tendon viscoelastic recovery mechanism may occur in vivo.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1319730", 
            "issn": [
              "1439-6319", 
              "1432-1025"
            ], 
            "name": "European Journal of Applied Physiology", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "11-12", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "116"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "middle-aged runners", 
          "young adults", 
          "tendon mechanical properties", 
          "force-elongation relationship", 
          "middle-aged adults", 
          "greater stride frequency", 
          "AT stiffness", 
          "long-distance running", 
          "length-tension properties", 
          "tendon stiffness", 
          "ramp contractions", 
          "young athletes", 
          "stride frequency", 
          "young runners", 
          "tendon fatigue", 
          "fatigue changes", 
          "younger participants", 
          "adults", 
          "ConclusionsThe results", 
          "half marathon", 
          "AT changes", 
          "runners", 
          "ultrasonography", 
          "PurposeWe", 
          "dynamometry", 
          "baseline", 
          "different changes", 
          "tendon", 
          "Achilles", 
          "age", 
          "athletes", 
          "vivo", 
          "changes", 
          "contraction", 
          "participants", 
          "mechanical loading", 
          "group", 
          "fatigue", 
          "marathon", 
          "response", 
          "frequency", 
          "plasticity", 
          "relationship", 
          "number", 
          "stiffness", 
          "AT", 
          "correlation", 
          "effect", 
          "running", 
          "mechanism", 
          "own pace", 
          "short-term mechanical loading", 
          "results", 
          "route", 
          "characteristics", 
          "pace", 
          "strength", 
          "properties", 
          "recovery mechanism", 
          "loading", 
          "mechanical properties"
        ], 
        "name": "Aging and the effects of a half marathon on Achilles tendon force\u2013elongation relationship", 
        "pagination": "2281-2292", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1002500605"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "27695979"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002500605"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-20T07:32", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220519/entities/gbq_results/article/article_698.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    259 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      106 URIs      95 LITERALS      23 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z schema:about N0fc5d198d8834ce5aa83f4d431c0606a
    2 N15af3243ec3d42b2b95f22c2c8a65063
    3 N2da66e16acb74e4c88636de42cf792af
    4 N436f3c431c374938ac75eb9125653417
    5 N68c4fd8d7c4f4dec8a43f0643f3e40fc
    6 N7c02bd2ed1814c90adddc36bc40d91bd
    7 N84c08ecd6ec44f82987b1d26052e81ef
    8 Na0f7f337b7cd4196acfceaf0a6139990
    9 Nb0e51c22b71c40a0b739ef5dfd2ea1b4
    10 Nb45ef66df53c41e281847198ebddda05
    11 Nb7e94f48cdb24f138fb968e21c448992
    12 Ncac536eeb1ee40508f77981ae796b65a
    13 Nd2569f5b8c314d9f8f005aba562a519c
    14 Nde49524fc4404b2f88a8bce0051d92ff
    15 Nf7bfe5cc6c4e4451bebc38976089855a
    16 Nf9a251e4b9d34b5e9c37e7aec4619253
    17 anzsrc-for:11
    18 anzsrc-for:1103
    19 schema:author Nf15e951dfa21431d8d6358dfbfc8f828
    20 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-011-2019-8
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/325147a0
    22 sg:pub.10.2165/00007256-199418030-00004
    23 schema:datePublished 2016-09-30
    24 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-09-30
    25 schema:description PurposeWe aimed to determine whether there are different changes in Achilles tendon (AT) mechanical properties in middle-aged, compared to younger runners that might indicate that tendon fatigue, induced by long-distance running, is age-dependent.Methods27 middle-aged (50–67 years) and 22 younger (21–29 years) participants ran a 21 km route at their own pace (mean and SD: old: 3.1 ± 0.3 m s−1; young: 3.6 ± 0.5 m s−1). We tested for changes in the AT force–elongation relationship using dynamometry and ultrasonography during isometric voluntary ankle plantarflexion ramp contractions, conducted 20–28 h pre-run, immediately pre-run, immediately post-run and 20–28 h post-run. Stride frequency and number were examined to estimate cyclic tensile loading characteristics of the tendon during running.ResultsMuscle strength decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in both groups immediately post-run (old: 17 %; young: 11 %) and recovered to baseline within 20–28 h post-run. AT stiffness did not change for the younger adults, whereas the middle-aged adults showed a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in AT stiffness (22 %). However, tendon stiffness recovered to baseline 20–28 h post-run. Middle-aged, compared to young adults, demonstrated significantly (P < 0.05) greater stride frequency and number, but no correlations with tendon fatigue changes were determined (R2 ≤ 0.038).ConclusionsThe results suggest that the plasticity of the AT in response to short-term mechanical loading may be age dependent and that the AT length–tension properties of middle-aged runners may be more vulnerable to change following running compared to younger athletes. However, the observed AT changes in the middle-aged runners dissipated within 20–28 h post-run, suggesting that a tendon viscoelastic recovery mechanism may occur in vivo.
    26 schema:genre article
    27 schema:inLanguage en
    28 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    29 schema:isPartOf N2992389a09fc4cb0b43029a2053047f4
    30 Ncada255c5a0340ef90a7f640e17018b8
    31 sg:journal.1319730
    32 schema:keywords AT
    33 AT changes
    34 AT stiffness
    35 Achilles
    36 ConclusionsThe results
    37 PurposeWe
    38 adults
    39 age
    40 athletes
    41 baseline
    42 changes
    43 characteristics
    44 contraction
    45 correlation
    46 different changes
    47 dynamometry
    48 effect
    49 fatigue
    50 fatigue changes
    51 force-elongation relationship
    52 frequency
    53 greater stride frequency
    54 group
    55 half marathon
    56 length-tension properties
    57 loading
    58 long-distance running
    59 marathon
    60 mechanical loading
    61 mechanical properties
    62 mechanism
    63 middle-aged adults
    64 middle-aged runners
    65 number
    66 own pace
    67 pace
    68 participants
    69 plasticity
    70 properties
    71 ramp contractions
    72 recovery mechanism
    73 relationship
    74 response
    75 results
    76 route
    77 runners
    78 running
    79 short-term mechanical loading
    80 stiffness
    81 strength
    82 stride frequency
    83 tendon
    84 tendon fatigue
    85 tendon mechanical properties
    86 tendon stiffness
    87 ultrasonography
    88 vivo
    89 young adults
    90 young athletes
    91 young runners
    92 younger participants
    93 schema:name Aging and the effects of a half marathon on Achilles tendon force–elongation relationship
    94 schema:pagination 2281-2292
    95 schema:productId N8522b93de1c04a6098611467ad9fcc9b
    96 Ncc6164bfcc98404fba75e11692ebeb67
    97 Nf7d6ee9f3bad4dd4a57111f0f450ea81
    98 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002500605
    99 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z
    100 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-20T07:32
    101 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    102 schema:sdPublisher N4b23b00cc8454a2985573fe1c1198e63
    103 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z
    104 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    105 sgo:sdDataset articles
    106 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    107 N00d643aed594481a9b164dfd32ed0db9 rdf:first sg:person.0705522062.52
    108 rdf:rest Nbe4f96e7319b4b2fa29a4c4e8243947f
    109 N0e508eeb1fb343b7aa7880c45ce7ea9e rdf:first sg:person.0664161767.02
    110 rdf:rest N592ab4152ed943ca8cedf39080d41e39
    111 N0fc5d198d8834ce5aa83f4d431c0606a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    112 schema:name Aging
    113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    114 N15af3243ec3d42b2b95f22c2c8a65063 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    115 schema:name Humans
    116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    117 N2992389a09fc4cb0b43029a2053047f4 schema:volumeNumber 116
    118 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    119 N2da66e16acb74e4c88636de42cf792af schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    120 schema:name Tensile Strength
    121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    122 N436f3c431c374938ac75eb9125653417 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    123 schema:name Male
    124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    125 N4b23b00cc8454a2985573fe1c1198e63 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    126 rdf:type schema:Organization
    127 N592ab4152ed943ca8cedf39080d41e39 rdf:first sg:person.01277064534.16
    128 rdf:rest Naa7ee9f017c8492fa62271c546b0bc99
    129 N68c4fd8d7c4f4dec8a43f0643f3e40fc schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    130 schema:name Isometric Contraction
    131 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    132 N7c02bd2ed1814c90adddc36bc40d91bd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    133 schema:name Models, Biological
    134 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    135 N84c08ecd6ec44f82987b1d26052e81ef schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    136 schema:name Computer Simulation
    137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    138 N8522b93de1c04a6098611467ad9fcc9b schema:name pubmed_id
    139 schema:value 27695979
    140 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    141 N8fd6a68c87704087bc7e122729f03ab1 rdf:first sg:person.0711640665.48
    142 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    143 Na0f7f337b7cd4196acfceaf0a6139990 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    144 schema:name Elastic Modulus
    145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    146 Naa7ee9f017c8492fa62271c546b0bc99 rdf:first sg:person.0667014663.03
    147 rdf:rest Nbfb88e29d06a41b8ad05f7e9e138dc94
    148 Nb0e51c22b71c40a0b739ef5dfd2ea1b4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    149 schema:name Aged
    150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    151 Nb45ef66df53c41e281847198ebddda05 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    152 schema:name Adult
    153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    154 Nb7e94f48cdb24f138fb968e21c448992 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    155 schema:name Young Adult
    156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    157 Nbe4f96e7319b4b2fa29a4c4e8243947f rdf:first sg:person.01313476470.69
    158 rdf:rest N0e508eeb1fb343b7aa7880c45ce7ea9e
    159 Nbfb88e29d06a41b8ad05f7e9e138dc94 rdf:first sg:person.01230521433.86
    160 rdf:rest N8fd6a68c87704087bc7e122729f03ab1
    161 Ncac536eeb1ee40508f77981ae796b65a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    162 schema:name Achilles Tendon
    163 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    164 Ncada255c5a0340ef90a7f640e17018b8 schema:issueNumber 11-12
    165 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    166 Ncc6164bfcc98404fba75e11692ebeb67 schema:name doi
    167 schema:value 10.1007/s00421-016-3482-z
    168 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    169 Nd2569f5b8c314d9f8f005aba562a519c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    170 schema:name Middle Aged
    171 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    172 Nde49524fc4404b2f88a8bce0051d92ff schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    173 schema:name Stress, Mechanical
    174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    175 Nf15e951dfa21431d8d6358dfbfc8f828 rdf:first sg:person.010123343621.74
    176 rdf:rest N00d643aed594481a9b164dfd32ed0db9
    177 Nf7bfe5cc6c4e4451bebc38976089855a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    178 schema:name Running
    179 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    180 Nf7d6ee9f3bad4dd4a57111f0f450ea81 schema:name dimensions_id
    181 schema:value pub.1002500605
    182 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    183 Nf9a251e4b9d34b5e9c37e7aec4619253 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    184 schema:name Physical Endurance
    185 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    186 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    187 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    188 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    189 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    190 schema:name Clinical Sciences
    191 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    192 sg:journal.1319730 schema:issn 1432-1025
    193 1439-6319
    194 schema:name European Journal of Applied Physiology
    195 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    196 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    197 sg:person.010123343621.74 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412966.e
    198 schema:familyName Ackermans
    199 schema:givenName Thijs Maria Anne
    200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010123343621.74
    201 rdf:type schema:Person
    202 sg:person.01230521433.86 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412966.e
    203 schema:familyName Meijer
    204 schema:givenName Kenneth
    205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01230521433.86
    206 rdf:type schema:Person
    207 sg:person.01277064534.16 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.27593.3a
    208 schema:familyName Suhr
    209 schema:givenName Frank
    210 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277064534.16
    211 rdf:type schema:Person
    212 sg:person.01313476470.69 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412966.e
    213 schema:familyName McCrum
    214 schema:givenName Christopher
    215 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01313476470.69
    216 rdf:type schema:Person
    217 sg:person.0664161767.02 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440934.e
    218 schema:familyName Oberländer
    219 schema:givenName Kai Daniel
    220 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664161767.02
    221 rdf:type schema:Person
    222 sg:person.0667014663.03 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412966.e
    223 schema:familyName Drost
    224 schema:givenName Maarten Robert
    225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667014663.03
    226 rdf:type schema:Person
    227 sg:person.0705522062.52 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.27593.3a
    228 schema:familyName Epro
    229 schema:givenName Gaspar
    230 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0705522062.52
    231 rdf:type schema:Person
    232 sg:person.0711640665.48 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.27593.3a
    233 schema:familyName Karamanidis
    234 schema:givenName Kiros
    235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0711640665.48
    236 rdf:type schema:Person
    237 sg:pub.10.1007/s00421-011-2019-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028629237
    238 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-2019-8
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 sg:pub.10.1038/325147a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044153277
    241 https://doi.org/10.1038/325147a0
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 sg:pub.10.2165/00007256-199418030-00004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007808807
    244 https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199418030-00004
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 grid-institutes:grid.27593.3a schema:alternateName Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sport Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany
    247 Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopaedics, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany
    248 Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany
    249 schema:name Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sport Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany
    250 Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopaedics, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany
    251 Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany
    252 rdf:type schema:Organization
    253 grid-institutes:grid.412966.e schema:alternateName Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    254 schema:name Department of Human Movement Science, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    255 Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany
    256 rdf:type schema:Organization
    257 grid-institutes:grid.440934.e schema:alternateName Fresenius University of Applied Sciences, Media School, Im Mediapark 4C, 50670, Cologne, Germany
    258 schema:name Fresenius University of Applied Sciences, Media School, Im Mediapark 4C, 50670, Cologne, Germany
    259 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...