Effects of 2 weeks of low-intensity cycle training with different pedaling rates on the work rate at lactate threshold View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-12-27

AUTHORS

Masami Hirano, Munehiro Shindo, Saki Mishima, Kazuhiro Morimura, Yoshiyasu Higuchi, Yosuke Yamada, Yasuki Higaki, Akira Kiyonaga

ABSTRACT

PurposeThis study examined (1) the effects of a single bout of exercise at different pedaling rates on physiological responses, pedal force, and muscle oxygenation, and (2) the effects of 2 weeks of training with different pedaling rates on work rate at lactate threshold (WorkLT).MethodsSixteen healthy men participated in the study. An incremental exercise test involving pedaling a cycling ergometer at 50 rpm was conducted to assess maximal oxygen consumption and WorkLT. The participants performed constant workload, submaximal exercise tests at WorkLT intensity with three different pedaling rates (35, 50, and 75 rpm). Oxygen consumption (V˙\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\dot{V}$$\end{document}O2), blood pressure, heart rate (HR), blood lactate, and pedal force were measured and oxy-hemoglobin/myoglobin concentration (OxyHb/Mb) at vastus lateralis was monitored by near-infrared spectroscopy during exercise. The participants were then randomly assigned to cycling exercise training at WorkLT in either the low or high frequency pedaling rate (LFTr, 35 rpm or HFTr, 75 rpm) group. Each 60-min training session was performed five times/week.ResultsDespite maintaining the same work rate, V˙\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\dot{V}$$\end{document}O2 and HR were significantly lower at 35 than 75 rpm. Conversely, integrated pedal force was significantly higher at 35 than 75 rpm. Peripheral OxyHb/Mb was significantly lower at 35 than 75 rpm. After 2 weeks of training, WorkLT normalized to body mass significantly increased in the LFTr, but not the HFTr group.ConclusionsPedaling rate and the corresponding pedal force and peripheral oxygenation during cycling exercise influence the effect of training at LT on WorkLT. More... »

PAGES

1005-1013

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00421-014-3081-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-3081-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005140081

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25542416


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25 schema:description PurposeThis study examined (1) the effects of a single bout of exercise at different pedaling rates on physiological responses, pedal force, and muscle oxygenation, and (2) the effects of 2 weeks of training with different pedaling rates on work rate at lactate threshold (WorkLT).MethodsSixteen healthy men participated in the study. An incremental exercise test involving pedaling a cycling ergometer at 50 rpm was conducted to assess maximal oxygen consumption and WorkLT. The participants performed constant workload, submaximal exercise tests at WorkLT intensity with three different pedaling rates (35, 50, and 75 rpm). Oxygen consumption (V˙\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\dot{V}$$\end{document}O2), blood pressure, heart rate (HR), blood lactate, and pedal force were measured and oxy-hemoglobin/myoglobin concentration (OxyHb/Mb) at vastus lateralis was monitored by near-infrared spectroscopy during exercise. The participants were then randomly assigned to cycling exercise training at WorkLT in either the low or high frequency pedaling rate (LFTr, 35 rpm or HFTr, 75 rpm) group. Each 60-min training session was performed five times/week.ResultsDespite maintaining the same work rate, V˙\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\dot{V}$$\end{document}O2 and HR were significantly lower at 35 than 75 rpm. Conversely, integrated pedal force was significantly higher at 35 than 75 rpm. Peripheral OxyHb/Mb was significantly lower at 35 than 75 rpm. After 2 weeks of training, WorkLT normalized to body mass significantly increased in the LFTr, but not the HFTr group.ConclusionsPedaling rate and the corresponding pedal force and peripheral oxygenation during cycling exercise influence the effect of training at LT on WorkLT.
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