Evaluating nuclear translocation of surface receptors: recommendations arising from analysis of CD44 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-12-13

AUTHORS

Rick F. Thorne, Yan Wang, Yan Zhang, Xueli Jing, Xu Dong Zhang, Charles E. de Bock, Camila S. Oliveira

ABSTRACT

CD44 is a transmembrane receptor that acts as adhesion protein, fundamentally recognizing hyaluronan, an essential component of the extracellular matrix. It has a well-established functional association with cancer metastasis, particularly the CD44 variant forms which are considered essential markers of cancer stem cells. CD44 itself lacks intrinsic kinase activity but rather engages in signalling through specific interactions with kinases and other signalling components. Proteolysis within its transmembrane region also leads to release of the CD44 cytoplasmic domain, which can translocate to the nucleus and regulate transcription. A third signalling modality has been reported where the intact CD44 receptor translocates to the nucleus. Here, we investigated the latter using imaging techniques together with biochemical analyses. Our findings support observations where CD44 is cleaved prior to nuclear translocation and challenges the evidence for the presence of intact CD44 receptors in the cell nucleus. Conclusions regarding the presence of intact CD44 in the cell nucleus as a signalling modality, therefore, require re-evaluation. We highlight artefacts and common technical issues associated with these experiments that can lead to misinterpretation. More... »

PAGES

77-87

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00418-019-01835-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00418-019-01835-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123348325

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31834485


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