Effect of hole size on fluid dynamics of a posterior-chamber phakic intraocular lens with a central perforation by using computational ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-04

AUTHORS

Takushi Kawamorita, Kimiya Shimizu, Nobuyuki Shoji

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A modified implantable collamer lens (ICL) with a central hole with a diameter of 0.36 mm, referred to as a hole-ICL, was created to improve aqueous humour circulation. The aim of this study is to investigate the ideal hole size in a hole-ICL from the standpoint of the fluid dynamic characteristics of the aqueous humour using computational fluid dynamics. METHODS: Fluid dynamics simulation using an ICL was performed with thermal-hydraulic analysis software FloEFD V 12.2 (Mentor Graphics Corp.). In the simulation, three-dimensional eye models based on a modified Liou-Brennan model eye with a conventional ICL (Model ICM, Staar Surgical) and a hole-ICL were used. The hole-ICL was -9.0 dioptres (D) and 12.0 mm in length, with an optic zone of 5.5 mm. The vaulting was 0.50 mm. The quantity of aqueous humour produced by the ciliary body was set at 2.80 μL/min. Flow distribution between the anterior surface of the crystalline lens and the posterior surface of the ICL was calculated, and trajectory analysis was performed. RESULTS: With an increase in the central hole size, the velocity of the aqueous humour increased, with the peak velocity occurring at a diameter of approximately 0.4 mm. Once the diameter had increased above 0.4 mm, the velocity then decreased. The velocity difference between the cases of a central hole size of 0.1 mm and 0.2 mm was significant. CONCLUSION: The desirable central hole size was 0.2 mm or larger in terms of flow dynamics. The current model, based on a central hole size of 0.36 mm, was close to ideal. The optimisation of the hole size should be performed based on results from a long-term clinical study so as to analyse the incidence rate of secondary cataract and optical performance. More... »

PAGES

739-744

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00417-016-3304-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-016-3304-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045707435

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26895160


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139 Department of Orthoptics and Visual Science, Kitasato University School of Allied Health Sciences, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, 252-0373, Sagamihara City, Kanagawa, Japan
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