Sex differences in the meiotic behavior of an XX sex chromosome pair in males and females of the mole vole ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-04-06

AUTHORS

Ana Gil-Fernández, Sergey Matveevsky, Marta Martín-Ruiz, Marta Ribagorda, María Teresa Parra, Alberto Viera, Julio S. Rufas, Oxana Kolomiets, Irina Bakloushinskaya, Jesús Page

ABSTRACT

Sex determination in mammals is usually provided by a pair of chromosomes, XX in females and XY in males. Mole voles of the genus Ellobius are exceptions to this rule. In Ellobius tancrei, both males and females have a pair of XX chromosomes that are indistinguishable from each other in somatic cells. Nevertheless, several studies on Ellobius have reported that the two X chromosomes may have a differential organization and behavior during male meiosis. It has not yet been demonstrated if these differences also appear in female meiosis. To test this hypothesis, we have performed a comparative study of chromosome synapsis, recombination, and histone modifications during male and female meiosis in E. tancrei. We observed that synapsis between the two X chromosomes is limited to the short distal (telomeric) regions of the chromosomes in males, leaving the central region completely unsynapsed. This uneven behavior of sex chromosomes during male meiosis is accompanied by structural modifications of one of the X chromosomes, whose axial element tends to appear fragmented, accumulates the heterochromatin mark H3K9me3, and is associated with a specific nuclear body that accumulates epigenetic marks and proteins such as SUMO-1 and centromeric proteins but excludes others such as H3K4me, ubiH2A, and γH2AX. Unexpectedly, sex chromosome synapsis is delayed in female meiosis, leaving the central region unsynapsed during early pachytene. This region accumulates γH2AX up to the stage in which synapsis is completed. However, there are no structural or epigenetic differences similar to those found in males in either of the two X chromosomes. Finally, we observed that recombination in the sex chromosomes is restricted in both sexes. In males, crossover-associated MLH1 foci are located exclusively in the distal regions, indicating incipient differentiation of one of the sex chromosomes into a neo-Y. Notably, in female meiosis, the central region of the X chromosome is also devoid of MLH1 foci, revealing a lack of recombination, possibly due to insufficient homology. Overall, these results reveal new clues about the origin and evolution of sex chromosomes. More... »

PAGES

113-131

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00412-021-00755-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-021-00755-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136956496

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33825031


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