Centromere repositioning explains fundamental number variability in the New World monkey genus Saimiri View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-11-10

AUTHORS

Giorgia Chiatante, Oronzo Capozzi, Marta Svartman, Polina Perelman, Lucy Centrone, Svetlana S. Romanenko, Takafumi Ishida, Mirela Valeri, Melody E. Roelke-Parker, Roscoe Stanyon

ABSTRACT

Cytogenetics has historically played a key role in research on squirrel monkey (genus Saimiri) evolutionary biology. Squirrel monkeys have a diploid number of 2n = 44, but vary in fundamental number (FN). Apparently, differences in FN have phylogenetic implications and are correlated with geographic regions. A number of hypothetical mechanisms were proposed to explain difference in FN: translocations, heterochromatin, or, most commonly, pericentric inversions. Recently, an additional mechanism, centromere repositioning, was discovered, which can alter chromosome morphology and FN. Here, we used chromosome banding, chromosome painting, and BAC-FISH to test these hypotheses. We demonstrate that centromere repositioning on chromosomes 5 and 15 is the mechanism that accounts for differences in FN. Current phylogenomic trees of platyrrhines provide a temporal framework for evolutionary new centromeres (ENC) in Saimiri. The X-chromosome ENC could be up to 15 million years (my) old that on chromosome 5 as recent as 0.3 my. The chromosome 15 ENC is intermediate, as young as 2.24 my. All ENC have abundant satellite DNAs indicating that the maturation process was fairly rapid. Callithrix jacchus was used as an outgroup for the BAC-FISH data analysis. Comparison with scaffolds from the S. boliviensis genome revealed an error in the last marmoset genome release. Future research including at the sequence level will provide better understanding of chromosome evolution in Saimiri and other platyrrhines. Probably other cases of differences in chromosome morphology and FN, both within and between taxa, will be shown to be due to centromere repositioning and not pericentric inversions. More... »

PAGES

519-529

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00412-016-0619-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-016-0619-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039191693

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27834006


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81 jacchus
82 key role
83 last marmoset genome release
84 levels
85 marmoset genome release
86 maturation process
87 mechanism
88 monkey (genus Saimiri) evolutionary biology
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90 monkeys
91 morphology
92 new centromeres
93 number
94 number variability
95 outgroup
96 painting
97 pericentric inversion
98 phylogenetic implications
99 phylogenomic tree
100 platyrrhines
101 process
102 region
103 release
104 repositioning
105 research
106 role
107 saimiri
108 satellite DNA
109 scaffolds
110 sequence level
111 squirrel monkey (genus Saimiri) evolutionary biology
112 squirrel monkeys
113 taxa
114 temporal framework
115 translocation
116 trees
117 understanding
118 variability
119 years
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