Modeling age-dependent radiation-induced second cancer risks and estimation of mutation rate: an evolutionary approach View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-03

AUTHORS

Kamran Kaveh, Venkata S. K. Manem, Mohammad Kohandel, Siv Sivaloganathan

ABSTRACT

Although the survival rate of cancer patients has significantly increased due to advances in anti-cancer therapeutics, one of the major side effects of these therapies, particularly radiotherapy, is the potential manifestation of radiation-induced secondary malignancies. In this work, a novel evolutionary stochastic model is introduced that couples short-term formalism (during radiotherapy) and long-term formalism (post-treatment). This framework is used to estimate the risks of second cancer as a function of spontaneous background and radiation-induced mutation rates of normal and pre-malignant cells. By fitting the model to available clinical data for spontaneous background risk together with data of Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors (for various organs), the second cancer mutation rate is estimated. The model predicts a significant increase in mutation rate for some cancer types, which may be a sign of genomic instability. Finally, it is shown that the model results are in agreement with the measured results for excess relative risk (ERR) as a function of exposure age and that the model predicts a negative correlation of ERR with increase in attained age. This novel approach can be used to analyze several radiotherapy protocols in current clinical practice and to forecast the second cancer risks over time for individual patients. More... »

PAGES

25-36

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00411-014-0576-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00411-014-0576-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048347486

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25404281


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