Long-term corrosion and leaching of depleted uranium (DU) in soil View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2007-08

AUTHORS

W. Schimmack, U. Gerstmann, W. Schultz, G. Geipel

ABSTRACT

Corrosion and leaching of depleted uranium (DU) was investigated for 3 years using six DU munitions (145-264 g DU) each buried in a column with a soil core of about 3.3 kg dry soil mass. The columns were installed in an air-conditioned laboratory. Each week they were irrigated and (238)U was determined in the effluents by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. In addition, (235)U was measured occasionally to assure that the (238)U was predominantly from the DU munition. On average, 14.5 g corresponding to 7.9% of the initial DU mass was corroded after 3 years, indicating an increased corrosion as compared to the first year of observation. The leaching rates increased much stronger than the corrosion rates by factors of more than 100, resulting in a mean total amount of leached (238)U of 13 mg as compared to 0.03 mg after the first year. Uranium species identified in the seepage water by time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy were mainly hydroxo and carbonate compounds, while those in the corroded material were phosphate compounds. It is concluded that the dramatic increase of the leaching and its large temporal variability do not allow any extrapolation for the future. However, the high (238)U concentrations observed in the seepage water highlight the need for further investigations on the transport of (238)U through soil, in particular with regard to the potential future (238)U contamination of groundwater in areas affected by DU weapons. More... »

PAGES

221-227

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-12. Leaching of depleted uranium in soil as determined by column experiments in RADIATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOPHYSICS
  • 1998-10. Uranium Solubility of Carbonate-Rich Uranium-Contaminated Soils in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00411-007-0114-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00411-007-0114-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027436441

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17549506


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