Water and the density of silicate glasses View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2000-04

AUTHORS

Pascal Richet, Alan Whittington, François Holtz, Harald Behrens, Susanne Ohlhorst, Max Wilke

ABSTRACT

A review of published and newly measured densities for 40 hydrous silicate glasses indicates that the room-temperature partial molar volume of water is 12.0 ± 0.5 cm3/mol. This value holds for simple or mineral compositions as well as for complex natural glasses, from rhyolite to tephrite compositions, prepared up to 10–20 kbar pressures and containing up to 7 wt% H2O. This volume does not vary either with the molar volume of the water-free silicate phase, with its degree of polymerization or with water speciation. Over a wide range of compositions, this constant value implies that the volume change for the reaction between hydroxyl ions and molecular water is zero and that, at least in glasses, speciation does not depend on pressure. Consistent with data from Ochs and Lange (1997, 1999), systematics in volume expansion for SiO2–M2O systems (M=H, Li, Na, K) suggests that the partial molar thermal expansion coefficient of H2O is about 4 × 10−5 K−1 in silicate glasses. More... »

PAGES

337-347

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004100050567

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004100050567

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005940915


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