Transport of Pb and Sr in leaky aquifers of the Bufa del Diente contact metamorphic aureole, north-east Mexico View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1998-04

AUTHORS

Rolf L. Romer, Wilhelm Heinrich

ABSTRACT

The Sr and Pb isotopes from the 31.6 ± 0.3 Ma (2σ) old Diente del Bufa alkali syenite, northeastern Mexico, and marbles of its contact aureole were used to trace the sources and the mobility of these metals during hydrothermal activity. Chert layers form aquifers within the marbles. The marbles represent aquitards. During fluid-wallrock reaction, the chert layers developed wollastonite rims. Early wollastonite rims have Sr and Pb isotopic compositions similar to those of their immediate host marbles, which indicates that the isotopic composition of Sr and Pb is initially buffered by the marble. Later wollastonite and other replacement minerals rimming the aquifer have Sr and Pb isotopic compositions that carry with time increasingly larger contributions from the high-salinity magmatic brine. The Sr and Pb contributions from the alkali syenite can be traced isotopically for more than 90 m away from the contact of the intrusion. In contrast, Sr and Pb originating from the alkali syenite are traceable within the marbles only for 3 to 5 cm from the aquifer-marble boundary. This distance is comparable to the spatial distribution of isotopic alterations of C and O implying that Sr and Pb were transported into the marbles through a fluid phase. The isotopic variation of Sr, Pb, C, and O across the aquifer-marble profiles reflects infiltration as a transport mechanism rather than diffusion. Because Sr and Pb are minor components in both the infiltrating fluid and the rock and because their concentrations are strongly affected by the distribution coefficients among the solid phases present, there is little correlation between the isotopic compositions of the trace elements Sr and Pb and those of C and O, which are major components in fluid and rock. Very thin meta-argillite rinds at the outer margin of the aquifer represent residual material after the dissolution of calcite. They are distinctly enriched in Rb, Sr, and U. The Rb and Sr are to some extent residual from the original limestone mineralogy, whereas U is dominantly derived from the magmatic fluid and leaked from the aquifer with the escaping immiscible CO2-rich H2O-CO2 fluid that was produced by decarbonation. The 238U/204Pb values ranging from 100 to 250 and distinctly lowered Th/U in the meta-argillite rims (1) demonstrate that U was transported with the magmatic fluid along the aquifer and (2) imply that during unmixing of the highly saline magmatic fluid U fractionated into the CO2-rich H2O-CO2 fluid from which it precipitated selectively in the meta-argillite band across the aquifer. Radioautographs demonstrate that the upper meta-argillite rim has 20 to 40 times more U than the lower rim, which implies that 20 to 40 times more CO2-rich H2O-CO2 fluid has left through the upper aquifer contact. More... »

PAGES

155-170

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004100050385

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004100050385

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022079196


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