Archaean phosphates: a case study of transformation processes in apatite from the Barberton greenstone belt View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Łukasz Birski, E. Słaby, R. Wirth, M. Koch-Müller, K. Simon, A. Wudarska, J. Götze, A. Lepland, A. Hofmann, A. Kuras

ABSTRACT

Multiple tools have been used to determine the sensitivity of phosphates from the early Archaean Barberton greenstone belt to transformation. The assessment of the degree of transformation is crucial for verifying data about the parameters of the paleo-environment. From the obtained results, three generations of phosphates can be distinguished. Group A is observed in cherts and banded iron formation BIF early-generation fluor-hydroxyapatite that precipitated from seawater. It is characterized by flat rare earth element (REE) patterns with a positive Eu anomaly and high Y/Ho ratio in the range of 54–70. Apatites in this group lack any visible indicators of secondary alterations at the micro- and nanoscales. Fourier transform infrared spectra indicate that these apatites are relatively rich in water, and, due to cationic substitution, their OH-stretching regions exhibit complex ordering and numerous component bands. The characteristics observed in the cherts and silicified felsic volcaniclastics of group B imply advanced metasomatic alteration. They exhibit light and heavy REE depletion and an absence of water in the halogen site. Nanoscale investigations reveal cracks, pores, nanofluid inclusions and nanochannel-like structures, as well as inclusions. Group C is represented by igneous-derived apatites that partially reflect their igneous origin. The phosphates are predominantly fluorapatite with typical magmatic apatite REE distribution patterns. Imaging at the micro- and nanoscales indicates that they partially preserve the signature of igneous origin. It seems that some of the analyzed apatite partially preserved their primordial features; therefore, they might be used for the reconstruction of Archaean abiotic systems. More... »

PAGES

25

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00410-019-1560-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00410-019-1560-z

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112672854


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