On the epoch of the Antikythera mechanism and its eclipse predictor View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-11

AUTHORS

Christián C. Carman, James Evans

ABSTRACT

The eclipse predictor (or Saros dial) of the Antikythera mechanism provides a wealth of astronomical information and offers practically the only possibility for a close astronomical dating of the mechanism. We apply a series of constraints, in a sort of sieve of Eratosthenes, to sequentially eliminate possibilities for the epoch date. We find that the solar eclipse of month 13 of the Saros dial almost certainly belongs to solar Saros series 44. And the eclipse predictor would work best if the full Moon of month 1 of the Saros dial corresponds to May 12, 205 BCE, with the exeligmos dial set at 0. We also examine some possibilities for the theory that underlies the eclipse times on the Saros dial and find that a Babylonian-style arithmetical scheme employing an equation of center and daily velocities would match the inscribed times of day quite well. Indeed, an arithmetic scheme for the eclipse times matches the evidence somewhat better than does a trigonometric model. More... »

PAGES

693-774

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00407-014-0145-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00407-014-0145-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026068215


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