Management of facial nerve schwannoma: when is the timing for surgery View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-04-08

AUTHORS

Young Sang Cho, Ji Eun Choi, Ji Hyun Lim, Yang-Sun Cho

ABSTRACT

PurposeAlthough the estimated prevalence is extremely low, facial nerve schwannoma (FNS) is the most common primary tumor of the facial nerve (FN). In the present study, the outcome of surgical management in 18 patients with FNS was analyzed and an appropriate time for surgery was proposed.Materials and methodsA total of 18 patients with FNS who underwent surgical management by a single surgeon from 1999 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.ResultsAmong the 18 patients, five had no facial paralysis before surgery. Near-total removal was performed in three cases, and two cases were managed with decompression. In 13 cases with various degree of preoperative facial palsy, nerve continuity was lost during surgery. FN was reconstructed using cable graft in ten cases, direct anastomosis in one case, and facial-hypoglossal nerve transfer in one case. Facial reanimation surgery without FN reconstruction was performed in one case due to a long-standing facial paralysis before surgery. Preoperative House-Brackmann (H-B) grade in all patients was significantly worse as tumor size increased. The correlation was not observed between the duration and severity of preoperative facial palsy.Analysis of 12 patients who underwent FN reconstruction revealed that all patients with good preoperative facial function (H-B grade II–III) recovered to H-B grade III after surgery (7/7, 100%). However, patients with poor preoperative facial function (H-B grade IV or worse) had only a 40% (2/5) chance of improving to grade III after surgery. Preoperative tumor size and duration of facial palsy did not affect postoperative final facial function.ConclusionWe suggest that H-B grade III facial palsy is the best time for surgical intervention, regardless of the tumor size or duration of facial palsy. More... »

PAGES

1-7

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00405-021-06765-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-021-06765-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1137023857

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33834275


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