Transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty for obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-03

AUTHORS

Keith Volner, Brandyn Dunn, Edward T. Chang, Sungjin A. Song, Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Scott E. Brietzke, Peter O’Connor, Macario Camacho

ABSTRACT

The objective is to determine if apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and lowest oxygen saturation (LSAT) improve after transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty (TPAP) with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults, using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nine databases, including PubMed/MEDLINE, were searched through April 1, 2016. All studies that included patients who underwent TPAP alone were included in this analysis. Fifty-six studies were potentially relevant, 37 were downloaded and five studies met criteria with 199 patients (age: 42.5 ± 9.7 years and body mass index: 29.0 ± 4.0 kg/m2). The grand mean (M) and standard deviation (SD) for AHI (199 patients) pre and post-TPAP decreased from 54.6 ± 23.0 [95 % CI 51.4, 57.8] to 19.2 ± 16.8 [95 % CI 16.9, 21.5] events/h (relative reduction: 64.8 %). Random effects modeling demonstrated a mean difference (MD) of -36.3 [95 % CI -48.5, -24.1], overall effect Z = 5.8 (p < 0.00001), and I 2 = 85 % (significant inconsistency). The standardized mean difference (SMD) for TPAP demonstrated a large magnitude of effect for AHI -1.76 [95 % CI -2.4, -1.1]. For LSAT (70 patients), the pre and post-TPAP M ± SD improved from 81.9 ± 8.1 [95 % CI 80.0, 83.8] to 85.4 ± 6.9 [95 % CI 83.8, 87.0], with a MD of 3.55, overall effect Z = 1.79 (p = 0.07). Thus far, few studies have evaluated transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty; therefore, we recommend additional studies, especially prospective studies. Research comparing TPAP to pharyngoplasty procedures without palatal advancement would help determine the optimal role for this procedure. More... »

PAGES

1197-1203

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012-09. Death, nasomaxillary complex, and sleep in young children in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00405-016-4121-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-016-4121-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049558053

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27289234


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