TNFα blockers do not improve the hearing recovery obtained with glucocorticoid therapy in an autoimmune experimental labyrinthitis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-03-18

AUTHORS

David Lobo, Almudena Trinidad, José Ramón García-Berrocal, Jose María Verdaguer, Rafael Ramírez-Camacho

ABSTRACT

The effectiveness of etanercept [tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) blocker] and corticoids in treating immuno-mediated inner ear disease (IMIED) was compared in an animal model of autoimmune labyrinthitis. IMIED is one of the few forms of sensorineural hearing loss that is reversible with proper medical treatment. While the effectiveness and usefulness of immunomodulating agents (corticosteroids) in treating IMIED have been demonstrated, TNFα antagonists, which inhibit granuloma formation in rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases, have been considered as an alternative therapy. The efficacy of etanercept (anti-TNFα) was evaluated in a guinea pig model of experimental autoimmune labyrinthitis in which 25 guinea pigs were divided in a control group, which was used to document the rise in hearing thresholds following immunisation, and two experimental groups, which were treated with steroids (6-methylprednisolone) and anti-TNFα (etanercept), respectively, after the immunisation. Comparison of the auditory thresholds obtained by means of auditory brainstem response (ABR) revealed that the auditory thresholds of the two experimental groups were not statistically different (6-methylprednisolone: 41.5 dB, SD: 8.51; etanercept: 37.5 dB, SD: 7.91) and that both compared favourably with that of the control group (60 dB, SD: 7.91) at p=0.001. We therefore conclude that etanercept is as effective as glucocorticoids in an animal model of autoimmune labyrinthitis; however, the potential adverse effects and high price of the former advise against its use as an initial therapy for IMIED. More... »

PAGES

622-626

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00405-006-0027-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-006-0027-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028672662

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16547758


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